|Crimes Against Children Research Center|
|The mission of the Crimes Against Children Research Center is to combat crimes against children by providing high-quality research and statistics to the public, policymakers, law enforcement personnel, and other child welfare practitioners. The center focuses on children and adolescents, from birth through age 17, who have been victimized, both within and outside the family. Types of victimization addressed by the center include:
The center, which was created in 1998 at the University of New Hampshire, grew out of and expands upon the work of the Family Research Laboratory, which has been devoted to the study of family violence and related topics since 1975. Associated with the center is an internationally recognized group of experts who have published numerous books and articles concerning the incidence and impact of violence against children.
- Criminal acts as defined by law, such as sexual assault, abduction, theft, robbery, and aggravated assault against children.
- Child abuse in all its forms—physical, sexual, emotional—and child neglect.
- Child-to-child violence, such as peer and sibling assaults, which would be considered criminal if the parties were adults.
- Indirect victimization, where children witness or are affected by the victimization of a family member or friend.
Center staff have contributed to many pioneering national crime studies, including:
The center is directed by David Finkelhor, Ph.D., who is also the Co-Director of the Family Research Laboratory and Professor of Sociology at the University of New Hampshire. Dr. Finkelhor has been researching criminal violence against children since 1978 and is the author and editor of 11 books and more than 150 journal articles and book chapters.
- National Incidence Studies of Missing, Abducted, Runaway, and Thrownaway Children.
- National Family Violence Survey.
- National Youth Victimization Prevention Survey.
- National Survey of Sexual Abuse in Day Care.
- Youth Internet Safety Survey.
- National Juvenile Online Victimization Study.
|The Crimes Against Children Research Center is supported through an annual earmarked cooperative agreement with OJJDP. The center will also draw on funding from grants, individual gifts, revenues from publications and programs, and state and federal sources.|
|Training and Technical Assistance||Top |
|The Crimes Against Children Research Center is undertaking various important tasks to increase knowledge and improve strategies for preventing crimes against children and helping victims and families, including the following training and technical assistance activities:
- Developing tools for practitioners and researchers. The center will create, test, and disseminate developmentally appropriate screening instruments usable in both research and practice settings (e.g., school guidance offices, pediatric clinics, battered women’s shelters) to assess exposure to crime and violence.
- Evaluating state-of-the-art prevention and intervention programs. Hundreds of programs to prevent child victimization have been created for schools and families. The center will assist school administrators, law enforcement officials, and parents to select among effective programs.
- Training practitioners and researchers. The center will organize courses and workshops for law enforcement and child welfare practitioners and fellowships for researchers and graduate students.
|Policy and Procedure Contact(s)|
|Crimes Against Children Research Center|
University of New Hampshire
15 Academic Way
#125 McConnell Hall
Durham, NH 03824
|Child and Youth Victimization Known to Police, School, and Medical Authorities|
OJJDP-Produced. Bulletin: OJJDP National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence Series, April 2012. Presents survey results from the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence regarding authorities' knowledge of victimization incidents involving children and youth, particularly police, school, and medical authorities. 8 pages. NCJ 235394.
Children's Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence and Other Family Violence
OJJDP-Produced. Bulletin: National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence series, October 2011. Explores in depth the survey results from the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV) regarding exposure to family violence among children in the United States, including exposure to intimate partner violence, assaults by parents on siblings of children surveyed, and other assaults involving teen and adult household members. 12 pages. NCJ 232272.
Children's Exposure to Violence: A Comprehensive National Survey
OJJDP-Produced. Bulletin, October 2009. Presents findings from the National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence, the most comprehensive survey to date of children’s exposure to violence in the United States. 12 pages. NCJ 227744.
Children's Exposure to Violence and the Intersection Between Delinquency and Victimization
OJJDP-Produced. Bulletin, October 2013. Presents survey results from the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV) regarding the co-occurrence of victimization and delinquency among children who are exposed to violence. The survey confirms findings of earlier studies that identified three groups of youth: delinquent-victims, primarily delinquent youth, and primarily victim youth. 12 pages. NCJ 240555.
Children's Exposure to Violence, Crime, and Abuse: An Update
OJJDP-Produced, September 2015. This bulletin discusses the second National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV II), which was conducted in 2011 as a followup to the original NatSCEV I survey conducted in 2008. 16 pages. NCJ 248547.
Choosing and Using Child Victimization Questionnaires
Bulletin: Crimes Against Children Series, March 2001. Presents information on questionnaires designed to elicit information about child victimization. 16 pages. NCJ 186027.
The Decline in Child Sexual Abuse Cases
Bulletin: Crimes Against Children Series, January 2001. Analyzes statistics concerning reported and substantiated cases of child sexual abuse. 12 pages. NCJ 184741.
Juveniles Who Commit Sex Offenses Against Minors
Bulletin: Crimes Against Children Series, December 2009. Presents population-based epidemiological information about the characteristics of juvenile offenders who commit sex offenses against minors. 12 pages. NCJ 227763.
National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence (NATSCEV I), Final Report
2012. This report provides a comprehensive assessment of the incidence and prevalence of children’s exposure to violence in the United States. 63 pages. NCJ 248444.
Polyvictimization: Children's Exposure to Multiple Types of Violence, Crime, and Abuse
OJJDP-Produced. Bulletin: National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence series, October 2011. Presents the findings of the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV) regarding children’s direct exposure to multiple types of violence, crime, and abuse, also known as polyvictimization. 12 pages. NCJ 235504.
Prevalence of Childhood Exposure to Violence, Crime, and Abuse: Results From the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence
OJJDP-Sponsored, August 2015. This article provides healthcare professionals, policymakers, and parents current estimates of exposure to violence, crime, and abuse across childhood and at various developmental stages. 9 pages. NCJ 249358.
Questions and Answers About the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence
OJJDP-Produced. Fact Sheet: National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence series, October 2011. Presents an overview of the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV), the most comprehensive nationwide survey to date of the incidence and prevalence of children's exposure to violence, sponsored by OJJDP and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and carried out by the Crimes Against Children Research Center of the University of New Hampshire. 4 pages. NCJ 235163.
Weapon Involvement in the Victimization of Children
OJJDP-Sponsored, June 2015. This study examined the prevalence of the use of weapons in the victimization of children and youth, focusing on weapons with a "high lethality risk" and how children's and youth's weapons-related victimization impacts their broader victimization and life experiences. 10 pages. NCJ 249203.
Crimes Against Children Research Center
Provides a general overview of the center and links to the center’s publications and current projects.