Compliance with the Core Requirements of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act
OJJDP Policy: Monitoring of State Compliance with the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act
View most recent addition on Revised Guidance on Jail Removal and Separation Core Requirements
To be eligible to receive a formula grant, a State must designate one agency to prepare and administer a comprehensive 3-year Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention plan, establish a State Advisory Group (SAG) appointed by the Governor or other chief executive officer to provide policy direction, participate in preparing and administering the Formula Grants program plan, and commit to achieve and maintain compliance with the following four core requirements of the JJDP Act:
- Reduction of disproportionate minority contact (DMC) within the juvenile justice system.
- Deinstitutionalization of status offenders (DSO).
- Separation of juveniles from adults in secure facilities (separation).
- Removal of juveniles from adult jails and lockups (jail removal).
- Background of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act
OJJDP is in the process of developing regulations for the implementation of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 2002. Those regulations will be posted on this site when they have been finalized. The following are OJJDP's existing regulations related to the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974, as amended.
State Compliance With JJDP Act Core Requirements
State use of the Valid Court Order Exception (NEW).
- Formula Grants Consolidated Regulation, 28 CFR Part 31
- Federal Register, January 9, 1981, Policy and Criteria for De Minimis Exceptions to Full Compliance With Deinstitutionalization Requirement of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act
- Federal Register, August 16, 1982, Valid Court Order Criteria
- Federal Register, November 2, 1988, Policy Guidance for Nonsecure Custody of Juveniles in Adult Jails and Lockups; Notice of Final Policy
- Federal Register, November 2, 1988, Criteria for De Minimis Exceptions to Full Compliance With the Jail Removal Requirement; Final Rule
- Federal Register, August 1, 1994, Delinquency Prevention Program Guideline
The following information identifies Valid Court Order (VCO) usage by states. VCO usage numbers are reported by states through the annual compliance monitoring reports. With a few exceptions, 12 months’ worth of data is reflected in the chart.
Guidance and Resources
- For Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC):
- For Deinstitutionalization of Status Offenders (DSO), Jail Removal and Separation:
The annual deadline for submitting State Compliance information is June 30th. Materials may be submitted using the methods below:
- Option #1: Email to JJDPAComplianceReports@ojp.usdoj.gov. If needed, you can send a Compressed/Zipped file of materials. The following link provides directions on how to Zip files: http://www.wikihow.com/Zip-Files-Together
- Option #2: Drop Box. OJJDP will utilize a cloud-based service called a Drop-box. Dropbox offers easy ways to share files or folders. A folder will be created for each State, granting them the ability to upload files to Dropbox. States need to provide the State Training and Technical Assistance Center (STTAC) with a single e-mail address for the state. STTAC will use this email address to create a folder assigned to that individual/state. Access to the folder can be shared once the initial e-mail is sent. States will not be able to see other users/states’ information, only what is shared in their folder. We ask that you sign up for Dropbox using the instructions attached. If you have additional information, please e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
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