Delbert S. Elliott, Ph.D., is Professor of Sociology and Director of the Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence, Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado. Dr. Elliott's work is in both theory development and testing (primarily in crime, delinquency, and violent behavior) but is also relative to other forms of problem behavior such as substance abuse, school dropout, and sexual deviance. He has directed a series of longitudinal research studies: the National Youth Survey, the Denver Neighborhood Study, the San Diego Delinquency and Dropout Study, and the Hamilton County Drinking and Driving Study. Dr. Elliott was Coprincipal Investigator on the Omaha Domestic Violence Experiment, the Denver Youth Survey, and OJJDP's National Evaluation of the Diversion Initiative. From 1983 to 1986, Dr. Elliott served as Chair of the Criminal and Violent Behavior Review Committee of the National Institute of Mental Health. He was a member of the National Research Council Panel on Criminal Careers and Chair of the Carnegie Council on Adolescent Violence. Currently, he is a member of the MacArthur Foundation Research Program on Successful Adolescent Development. Dr. Elliott is a Fellow of the American Society of Criminology and has just completed his term as President of the Society. The author of several forthcoming books on juvenile delinquency and behavior, Dr. Elliott's latest works include Serious Violent Offenders (with D. Huizinga and B.J. Morse), Out of Control: America's Violent Youth, and Beating the Odds: Successful Youth Development in Disadvantaged Neighborhoods. He received a doctorate and a master's degree from the University of Washington, Seattle, and a bachelor's degree in Sociology from Pomona College.


Sara Engram is Deputy Editor for the editorial pages of The Sun in Baltimore, Maryland. She also writes editorials for the newspaper's Sunday op-ed column. From 1988 through 1922, Ms. Engram wrote "Mortal Matters," a weekly column on death and dying syndicated by Universal Press Syndicate. Before joining The Sun, Ms. Engram worked as a Reporter with The Philadelphia Inquirer and The Baltimore News American. Ms. Engram has won numerous awards for editorial writing, including Sigma Delta Chi's Bronze Medal for editorial writing (1993), three first-place awards from the Maryland chapter of Sigma Delta Chi (1984, 1988, and 1993), and Honorable Mention (second place) in the 1988 Children's Express journalism awards, a competition judged by children. In 1987, Ms. Engram was awarded a Jefferson fellowship for 8 weeks of study and travel in Asia. During 1985 and 1986, she participated in the Work Group on News, the Mass Media, and Democratic Values at the Center for Philosophy and Public Policy at the University of Maryland. In 1993, she was chosen to participate in the first national conference at the Casey Journalism Center for Children and Families at the University of Maryland. Ms. Engram earned her undergraduate degree at Salem College in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. She also holds a master's degree in Education in Counseling from Wake Forest University and a master's degree in Divinity from Yale Divinity School.


Jeffrey Fagan is a Professor of Sociomedical Sciences at the Columbia University School of Public Health and Director of the Center for Violence Research and Prevention. For more than two decades, his research has focused on the antecedents, consequences, and social control of violence. His current research examines the jurisprudence of adolescent violence, the effects of legal sanctions on the social control of intimate partner violence, situational contexts and process dynamics of gun use and violent crimes by adolescents, neighborhood contextual effects on criminality, economic decisionmaking by young males on their legal and illegal "work" careers, and the spatial distribution and ecological risk factors for violence and injury. His recent publications include "Firearms and Youth Violence," forthcoming in the Handbook of Antisocial Behavior "; The Comparative Impacts of Juvenile and Criminal Court Sanctions for Adolescent Felony Offenders," forthcoming in Law and Policy; and "Preventive Detention and the Judicial Prediction of Dangerousness Among Juvenile Offenders," in Volume 82 of the Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology. He is past Editor of the Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency and serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology. He is a member of the Committee on the Assessment of Family Violence Interventions of the National Academy of Science. He currently serves as Executive Counselor for the American Society of Criminology and is the Society's Delegate to the American Association for the Advance of Science.


Mary A. Fairchild is a Program Principal with the National Conference of State Legislature's (NCSL's) Children and Families program responsible for analysis and assistance to State legislatures on juvenile justice police issues. She has more than 10 years of experience with NCSL, which includes policy research and technical assistance to State legislatures on criminal justice, legislative management, and children's issues. In recent years, she has been a Consultant to private foundations and government agencies on systems change issues and improving services for at-risk youth and families. In addition, she has served as a volunteer for local agencies serving troubled youth, battered women, and young children. Ms. Fairchild has a bachelor's degree in Political Science from Colorado State University and holds a master's in Social Work from the University of Denver Graduate School of Social Work.


Mathea Falco, Esq., is President of Drug Strategies, a nonprofit research institute that identifies effective approaches to substance abuse. The author of The Making of a Drug-Free America: Programs That Work, Ms. Falco comments frequently on drug policy in the media and in public speeches across the country. Until 1993, she was Director of Health Policy, Department of Public Health, Cornell University Medical College in New York City. From 1977 to 1981, Ms. Falco was Assistant Secretary of State for International Narcotics Matters. In earlier positions, she served as Chief Counsel and Staff Director of the U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee, Juvenile Delinquency Subcommittee, and as Special Assistant to the President of the Drug Abuse Council. Ms. Falco has been a member of the Board of Overseers of Harvard University, a Trustee of Radcliffe College, and the Chair of the Visiting Committee on Harvard University Health Services. She also has served on the national boards of Girl Scouts, USA; Big Brothers of America; the International Women's Health Coalition, the Ploughshares Fund; and the National Council on Crime and Delinquency. Ms. Falco is a graduate of Radcliffe College and Yale Law School.


Barry C. Feld, Ph.D., Esq., received his bachelor's degree from the University of Pennsylvania, his jurum doctor from the University of Minnesota Law School, and his doctorate from Harvard University, where he performed doctoral research on the juvenile institutions in Massachusetts prior to the closing of the training schools. Dr. Feld has been on the faculty at the University of Minnesota Law School for more than 20 years. He has written four books and nearly three dozen law review and criminology articles on various aspects of juvenile justice administration, with special emphases on procedural justice and the delivery of legal services, and waiver policy and the sentencing of serious young offenders as juveniles and as adults. He has also worked as a Prosecutor in Minnesota's juvenile and criminal courts. Dr. Feld served on the Juvenile Justice Task Force that rewrote the Minnesota juvenile code, and for the past 2 years has served as Co-reporter for the Minnesota Supreme Court drafting the rules of juvenile court procedure under the new legislation.


Emily Fenichel, M.S.W., is Associate Director of ZERO TO THREE: National Center for Infants, Toddlers, and Families. She edits Zero to Three, the organization's bimonthly bulletin that reaches approximately 10,000 infant/family practitioners, researchers, policymakers, and advocates in the United States and abroad. Ms. Fenichel has lead staff responsibility for the National Training Institutes and has been involved in other training and technical assistance initiatives, including regional conferences, intensive courses, and training seminars. Trained as a Clinical Social Worker, Ms. Fenichel previously worked with families in New Haven, Connecticut, and South Bronx, New York, housing projects. She has also worked in child care centers in Washington, D.C., New Haven, and New York City.


The Honorable David R. Fishkin has served as Chief Attorney of the Juvenile Court Division of the Office of the Public Defender in Baltimore City for the past 5 years. In addition to serving on various committees dealing with juvenile justice issues, he is Director of the recently established Detention Response Unit. Mr. Fishkin attended The Johns Hopkins University where he received a bachelor's degree in Philosophy and a master's degree in Education. He graduated from the University of Maryland School of Law in 1982 and has been with the Office of the Public Defender since 1984.


Lieutenant Gary French is a Commander of the Boston Police Youth Violence Strike Force, a unit designed to disrupt gang activity and aggressively curtail youth violence in Boston. He has been a member of the Boston Police Department for 15 years, serving in patrol, narcotics, street supervision, and community policing units in the Dorchester section of Boston. Lt. French served in the U.S. Army as a member of the military police from 1971 to 1973. He has a bachelor's degree in Law Enforcement from Boston State College and a master's degree in Education from Boston University.


Richard W. Friedman has worked for more than 34 years in the criminal and juvenile justice system, in both the public and private sectors. Since beginning his professional career as a Probation Officer in the Juvenile Court for Baltimore City, he has worked in direct services, policy and planning, and research and administration. His professional experience includes work with the American Bar Association, the American Correctional Association, and the National Council on Crime and Delinquency. Mr. Friedman previously served as the Executive Director of the Mayor's Coordinating Council on Criminal Justice (Baltimore City) and as the Executive Director of the Governor's Commission on Law Enforcement and the Administration of Justice (Maryland). For more than 7 years he served as Maryland's Juvenile Justice Specialist, administering the Federal program under the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act. As past Chair of the State Policy Group on Juvenile Justice and Mental Health, Mr. Friedman worked to develop appropriate responses to the mental health needs of youth in the juvenile justice system.


A. Elizabeth Griffith, Esq., is the Project Director of Comprehensive Communities, a crime prevention initiative of the Office of the Mayor of Baltimore, Maryland. The project is funded through the Bureau of Justice Assistance, DOJ. Comprehensive Communities is based on the work of nonprofit and city agencies and the Community Law Center, a Baltimore nonprofit community association that provides the development of legal tools to address urban blight. Comprehensive Communities addresses the conditions that contribute to violent crime, including drug markets. Ms. Griffith also was the Executive Director of the Baltimore Coalition Against Substance Abuse. The coalition was formed in response to the fact that although more than 85 percent of all criminal cases in Baltimore City are drug related, little collaboration among community organizations existed to reduce substance abuse and its related impact on the crime rate and the quality of life and health in the community. Ms. Griffith came to the field of crime and substance abuse prevention through volunteering and working in public interest law. She worked as a Volunteer with the Bar Association of Baltimore City and the Living Classroom Foundation, a nonprofit serving Baltimore's at-risk youth.


Thomas Hall is a Teacher, Counselor, and Administrator who works in the development of alternative schools across the United States. In this capacity, Mr. Hall collaborates with courts to create community capacity to intervene with youth harmfully involved with alcohol and other drugs. In addition to his work in education and with juvenile courts, Mr. Hall currently serves as the Internal Consultant to the efforts of an alternative school and its six metropolitan campuses, and is a member of the State Regional Advisory Council on mental health. Mr. Hall holds a master's degree in Counseling and Education, a Marriage and Family Therapy license, Substance Abuse Counselor II Certification, elementary and secondary teaching credentials, and is completing a doctoral dissertation on the impact of marginalizing practices within school curricula and administration on court-involved at-risk youth.


Adele Harrell has been actively engaged in studies of drug abuse since 1975. She is currently conducting a longitudinal experimental evaluation of the impact of the Children at Risk program, a comprehensive drug prevention program for youth ages 11 to 13; a 5-year experimental evaluation of the District of Columbia Drug Court; and an evaluation of the Brooklyn Drug Court and Services for Female Offenders. Prior research includes an evaluation of systemwide drug testing in case management at pretrial, probation, and parole, and studies of the relationship between arrestee urinalysis results and community indicators of drug problems among adults and juveniles.


The Honorable Glenda Hatchett is Chief Presiding Judge of the Fulton County Juvenile Court in Atlanta, Georgia. She is Department Head of one of the largest juvenile court systems in the Nation, which includes Atlanta and nine other municipalities. Judge Hatchett is admitted to the bar in both Georgia and the District of Columbia. Prior to serving on the bench, Judge Hatchett was a Senior Attorney as well as National and International Spokesperson for Delta Air Lines. Before joining Delta, she served as U.S. District Court Law Clerk to the Honorable Horace T. Ward. Judge Hatchett was selected by the National Bar Association's local affiliate as the Outstanding Jurist of the Year, and she was selected by the Spelman College Board of Trustees to receive the Outstanding Community Service Award. She also received the 1995 NAACP Thurgood Marshall Award, and was selected as the Outstanding Alumni of the Year by the Emory University School of Law. Judge Hatchett is a member of the faculty of the National Judicial College sponsored by the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges. She chaired the National Forum on Youth Violence for the U.S. Department of Justice. She is a graduate of the Emory University School of Law and of Mount Holyoke College.


J. David Hawkins, Ph.D., is Professor of Social Work and Director of the Social Development Research Group, University of Washington, Seattle. He received a bachelor's from Stanford University and a doctorate in Sociology from Northwestern University. His research focuses on understanding and preventing child and adolescent health and behavior problems. Since 1981, he has been conducting the Seattle Social Development Project, a longitudinal prevention study based on his theoretical work. He is codeveloper of the Social Development Model, a theory that provides a foundation for positive development and delinquency and drug abuse prevention, and coauthor of Preparing for the Drug (Free) Years, a prevention program that empowers parents to strengthen family bonding and reduce the risks for drug abuse in their families. Dr. Hawkins currently serves on the national Education Goals Panel Resource Group on Safe and Drug Free Schools, and was a member of the Committee on Prevention of Mental Disorders of the Institute of Medicine at the National Academy of Sciences. He was awarded the NPN Seventh Annual Award of Excellence for Outstanding Contribution to the Field of Prevention and was named the University of Washington Lecturer for the 1996-1997 academic year.


Scott W. Henggeler, Ph.D., is Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and Director of the Family Services Research Center at the Medical University of South Carolina. He has published more than 140 journal articles, book chapters, and books, and is on the editorial board of several journals. Much of Dr. Henggeler's research concerns serious antisocial behavior in adolescence and the development of effective treatments for such behavior. In collaboration with several colleagues, he has developed the theoretical rationale and intervention procedures for multisystemic therapy, a family and home-based treatment that has proven effective with violent and chronic juvenile offenders in several studies. Dr. Henggeler received a doctorate in Clinical Psychology from the University of Virginia in 1977.


Janette Hernandez is a 17-year-old senior at High School in the Community, and for 2 years has been an active member of the New Haven (Connecticut) Board of Young Adult Police Commissioners (BYAPC). Created in 1991, in response to the distrust and abandonment voiced by youth, the New Haven BYAPC emphasizes involving youth in the decisionmaking process . The board, which includes 22 diverse students from six public and two parochial high schools, actively supports improving relations between youth and the police, as well as numerous other activities, including planning conferences with DOJ and making presentations at national conferences. First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton cited BYAPC as a "national model for how to get youth involved in their communities." Ms. Hernandez is Cochairperson of BYAPC's Residential Adolescent Drug/Alcohol Committee, takes classes in Russian at Yale University, and is a Student Ambassador to Avignon, France.


Associate Judge William J. Hibbler was admitted to the practice of law in Illinois in 1973. He currently presides over the Juvenile Justice Division and serves as an Adjunct Professor at the Chicago/Kent College of Law. Judge Hibbler's previous judicial assignments included serving as a Felony Trial Judge in the Criminal Division, an Assistant Supervising Judge of the Chicago Traffic Court, and a Trial Judge in the First Municipal District. Judge Hibbler is a member of the Illinois Judges Association, Illinois Judicial Council, Chicago Bar Association, Cook County Bar Association, and Illinois State Bar Association. Judge Hibbler earned his bachelor's degree at the University of Illinois and his jurum doctor at DePaul University.


Rick Hill is Director of the Oregon Youth Authority. He has a master's degree in Criminal Justice from the University of Oregon and a bachelor's degree in Sociology from the University of Wisconsin. Prior to his present position, Mr. Hill served in several positions with the Children's Services Division, State of Oregon, including Acting Director, Juvenile Corrections; Superintendent, MacLaren School for Boys; Camps Manager, Office of Juvenile Corrections; Social Services Director, Hillcrest School; and Supervisor, Juvenile Parole.


George L. Hincliffe is the Assistant Secretary for Programming and Planning for the Florida Department of Juvenile Justice. A 25-year veteran of Florida's juvenile justice system, he began his career as a Juvenile Probation Officer in Pinellas County. Mr. Hinchliffe has worked as a Juvenile Intake Officer, Intake Supervisor, and as Superintendent of the Southwest Florida Juvenile Detention Center in Fort Myers. While Superintendent, Mr. Hinchliffe led the Center to achieve accreditation status, the first such Center in Florida and only the fourth in the United States to receive that status. Subsequently, the Center was named as a national training center by the U.S. Department of Justice. Mr. Hinchliffe also served as the State's Juvenile Justice Reform Director, and Chief of Juvenile Justice Administration. Mr. Hinchliffe is a graduate of Florida State University.


Retired Circuit Judge Thomas E. Hornsby served in the 15th Judicial Circuit, which consists of the counties of Carroll, JoDaviess, Lee, Ogle, and Stephenson, Illinois. Judge Hornsby received a bachelor's degree from the University of Illinois and a jurum doctor from John Marshall Law School. Judge Hornsby was admitted to the Illinois Bar in 1964 and practiced law in Chicago. In 1966, Judge Hornsby became a general partner in the law firm of Pretzel, Stouffer, Nolan, and Rooney and served as a Special Assistant Attorney General for the State of Illinois until December 1972. In 1972, the Illinois Supreme Court appointed him a Circuit Judge to fill the vacancy created by the retirement of Judge John Dixon. In 1974, Judge Hornsby was elected to the office of the Judge of the Circuit Court and has been retained in each subsequent election. He retired on December 3, 1995. Judge Hornsby is a graduate of the National College of the State Judiciary. He is a member and past President of the Illinois Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges and is President of the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges. Judge Hornsby is also a member of the regular college faculty of the National Council. He serves as a member of the Board of Fellows of the National Center for Juvenile Justice. He is currently an Adjunct Professor at the Florida Coastal School of Law. Judge Hornsby was a member of the Juvenile Justice Task Force of the Illinois Supreme Court's Special Commission on the Administration of Justice and of the Illinois Juvenile Justice Commission. On December 10, 1994, Judge Hornsby was elected as an Honorary Fellow of the Illinois Bar Foundation.


Robert Hubbard, Esq., is Program Manager for law enforcement within OJJDP. He manages contracts, grants, and cooperative agreements that provide law enforcement with the key concepts, strategies, and methods necessary to respond to families, youth, social concerns, and other juvenile justice issues. Mr. Hubbard is a retired Police Sergeant. During his active police career, he supervised the training and development of police personnel and planned and coordinated patrol and investigative operations. Mr. Hubbard holds a juris doctor from the Georgetown University Law Center and a bachelor's degree in Police Administration from the University of Maryland.


John Hunter, Ph.D., is a Clinical Psychologist with more than 20 years of clinical and research experience in the field of sexual trauma, including the etiology, evaluation, and treatment of juvenile and adult sexual offenders. He is currently Executive Clinical Director of the Behavioral Studies Program of The Pines Residential Treatment Center. Additionally, he is Research Associate Professor in Psychology at the University of Arizona. Dr. Hunter has provided consultation and training to the FBI and the Department of the Navy and is a member of the Board of Directors for the Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers. He has written 12 books chapters and 23 professional papers on sexual abuse and sexual offending. Dr. Hunter recently concluded a research grant given by the National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect entitled "Victim to Victimizer." His current grant, provided by OJJDP, is titled "Risk Profiling of Juvenile Sexual Offenders."


Joan Hurley is Deputy Director of OJJDP's Research and Program Development Division. Throughout much of her career, she has worked on youth issues, including juvenile delinquency, alcohol and other drug abuse prevention, child care, and learning readiness. Ms. Hurley is the primary author of the report Delinquency Prevention Works, published by OJJDP. As the Director of the National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information from 1987 to 1989, she provided prevention and early intervention information for the Nation. Ms. Hurley was responsible for managing the $5.1 million contract that included developing publications and data bases, overseeing a warehouse and distribution center, and supervising a staff of 50. She has served as the Principal Investigator on a National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism grant to develop new prevention technology for youth and on a health education-risk reduction program for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. As Director of Choices, a youth delinquency prevention program, she offered prevention services to young people in the District of Columbia. While Director of the Division of Legal Referrals for a local county health department, Ms. Hurley worked with youth in a diversionary program, also serving as Liaison between the health department and the court system. Ms. Hurley is an Attorney with a master's degree in Health Science from The Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health.

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