Gordon A. Raley is Executive Director of the National Assembly of National Voluntary Health and Social Welfare Organizations, an association of 40 national voluntary human service organizations that collaborate to advance the mission of each agency and the human service sector as a whole. In this capacity, Mr. Raley also directs its affinity group, the National Collaboration for Youth, which advocates improved conditions for America's youth to help them reach their full potential and become responsible adults. Mr. Raley's 20 years of experience in human service programs at both the local and national levels include 8 years as Staff Director for the U.S. House of Representatives Education and Labor Subcommittee on Human Resources. Prior to joining the National Assembly, he served as Assistant Executive Director for Government Relations for the American Vocational Association, which represents more than 40,000 vocational teachers, administrators, and students across the United States. Mr. Raley has also served as Director of Public Policy for the Child Welfare League of America and as a Senior Staff Associate for the National League of Cities' and United States Conference of Mayors' Criminal Justice Project. Earlier, for the City of New Orleans, he was Chief Planner for the Mayor's Criminal Justice Coordinating Council and Project Director for the New Orleans Cooperative Health Information System. Mr. Raley holds a bachelor's degree from Baylor University, and a master's degree in Community Organization and Planning from Tulane University.


The Honorable David E. Ramirez's many outstanding legal accomplishments include establishing the first municipal juvenile court in Denver, Colorado. Currently a Juvenile District Court Judge in Denver, Judge Ramirez also has served as a County Court Judge, an Assistant City Attorney, and a Staff Attorney for the Denver Legal Aid Society. Beyond his community and court work with teenage delinquents, Judge Ramirez is active in a number of legal associations, serving as a Trustee for the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges (NCJFCJ) and the Denver Bar Association. He is also a member of the Kellogg Foundation's National Hispanic Children First Campaign. In addition, Judge Ramirez is active in law-related education. He is an Adjunct Professor of Law at the University of Colorado, a Visiting Professor of Law at The University of Iowa, and a Certified Instructor for NCJFCJ and OJJDP. He has presented numerous courses on racial bias and cultural competence in the juvenile court system.


The Honorable Janet Reno is the first female U.S. Attorney General. Nominated by President Bill Clinton on February 11, 1993, Ms. Reno was sworn in as the Nation's 78th Attorney General on March 12, 1993. Prior to her appointment as Attorney General, Ms. Reno served as State's Attorney for Dade County, Florida, a position to which she was reelected for four more terms. While State's Attorney, Ms. Reno established a career-criminal unit that worked with Federal officials and local law enforcement to arrest and convict career criminals and sentence them to substantial prison terms. She also focused her attention on prevention programs that enabled children to grow up in a safe, constructive environment; helped reform the juvenile justice system; and pursued parents for delinquent child support payments. Ms. Reno helped establish the Miami Drug Court, which provides alternative punishment for nonviolent offenders who have a substance abuse problem, and which became a model for courts across the country. More than half of those completing the program remain drug free. Prior to her terms as State's Attorney, Ms. Reno was a partner in the Miami-based law firm of Steel, Hector & Davis. Earlier in her career, she accepted a position with the Dade County State's Attorney's Office, where she organized a juvenile division. Ms. Reno was also Assistant State's Attorney and Staff Director of the Florida House of Representatives Judiciary Committee, where she helped revise the Florida court system, and later was named Counsel for the State Senate's committee responsible for revising the Florida Criminal Code. Ms. Reno received a bachelor's degree in Chemistry from Cornell University in 1960 and a Bachelor of Law from Harvard Law School in 1963.


Marsha Renwanz, Ph.D., has turned a doctorate in Legal Anthropology into a force for legislative reform on behalf of children, youth, and families. For the past 3 years, Dr. Renwanz has served as a Special Assistant and Senior Policy Advisor within OJJDP. Before joining DOJ, Dr. Renwanz spent 3 months as a Juvenile Justice Advisor to a Parliamentary Committee in Kazakhstan through a program of the American Bar Association. Prior to that, she served 13 years as a Staffer in the U.S. Senate. From 1989 to 1993, Dr. Renwanz was Chief Policy Advisor to the Senate Juvenile Justice Subcommittee, where she took the lead in drafting and overseeing the enactment of the 1992 reauthorization of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act, including Title V Delinquency Prevention Grants and the Part E Challenge Grants. From 1980 to 1988, Dr. Renwanz served as Staff Director of the Senate's Children's Caucus and Staff Director of the Senate's Subcommittee on Children, Families, Drugs and Alcoholism. Here, she drafted and oversaw the enactment of numerous legislative initiatives to assist children and families, including the Child Abuse Prevention Challenge Grant Program, Emergency Child Abuse Grants, and the High Risk Youth Program to Combat Alcohol and Drug Abuse. Dr. Renwanz also organized nationwide hearings in support of the Family Leave Act and the Act for Better Child Care. Dr. Renwanz holds a master's degree and a doctorate from Stanford University. She has received numerous fellowships and awards, including a Kellogg Foundation National Leadership Fellowship that enabled her to visit and assess children's programs in Venezuela, the former Soviet Union, and Southern Africa. She also has received child advocacy awards from the National Council of Jewish Women and the National Network for Runaway and Homeless Youth.


Stephen Rickman is currently Director for DOJ's Executive Office for Weed & Seed. Prior to this assignment, he served as Director of the Department's Crime Act Support Division. From 1991 to 1994, Mr. Rickman served as a member of Mayor Sharon Pratt Kelly's cabinet in Washington, D.C. He started as a Public Safety Coordinator and later became Director of the Office of Emergency Preparedness. Mr. Rickman also is a cofounder and Vice Chairman of the Community Prevention Partnership, a nonprofit organization dedicated to reducing drug abuse and violence in the Nation's capital. He is an Adjunct Lecturer at the University of the District of Columbia and has received undergraduate and graduate degrees from Howard University.


Pamela L. Riley, Ed.D., is the Director of the North Carolina Center for the Prevention of School Violence. She has been Director of the Center since its creation in 1993. Prior to serving in her current position, she was a high school Principal and was responsible for implementing creative curriculum and management strategies. Dr. Riley also worked as an Education Consultant and Instructional Specialist specializing in citizenship education. She also has taught history and social studies at the high school and middle school levels. She is North Carolina's Coordinator of Youth for Justice.


The Honorable Laurie O. Robinson is Assistant Attorney General for DOJ's Office of Justice Programs. Ms. Robinson previously served as Associate Deputy Attorney General. Prior to joining the Justice Department in August 1993, Ms. Robinson served as Director of the American Bar Association's (ABA's) Criminal Justice Section for 14 years. At ABA, she spearheaded programs and policy development on a broad range of criminal justice topics, including corrections, victim/witness assistance, judicial administration, drug policy, and sentencing. She founded ABA's Juvenile Justice Center in 1982, and was instrumental in the decade-long effort to implement the ABA Criminal Justice Standards. For 7 years, she also headed the Professional Services Division in ABA's Washington, D.C., office. Ms. Robinson has been actively involved in numerous national organizations. She served as Chair of the National Forum on Criminal Justice from 1991 until 1993, and has served on numerous boards, including the National College of District Attorneys, the National Association of Women in Criminal Justice, VALOR (the Victim Assistance Legal Organization), and the Federal Sentencing Reporter. Ms. Robinson graduated Phi Beta Kappa, magna cum laude, from Brown University with a bachelor's degree in Political Science.


Reginald L. Robinson joined DOJ in 1993 as a White House Fellow, and in that capacity served as a Special Assistant to Attorney General Janet Reno. At the end of his Fellowship, he was appointed Deputy Assistant Attorney General for OJP. AT OJP, he has focused on coordinating the Department's involvement in a number of community-based initiatives, including Project PACT (Pulling America's Communities Together), Operation Weed & Seed, and the Empowerment Zone/Enterprise Community Effort. He was also deeply involved in the Department's implementation of the 1994 Crime Act's Drug Courts Program. Mr. Robinson earned his undergraduate and law degrees from the University of Kansas. He was a Law Clerk for Judge Deanell R. Tacha, United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Judicial Circuit, before he joined the Kansas University law faculty in Lawrence, Kansas. Mr. Robinson taught courses in local government law, constitutional law, and civil rights. He formerly served as the Chair of the City of Lawrence Human Relations Commission.


Frank S. Romero, Ph.D., directs the University of California, Riverside, Office of Educational and Community Initiatives. Dr. Romero also is Coprincipal Investigator for the comprehensive Community-Wide Gang Prevention, Intervention, and Suppression Project funded by OJJDP, and Principal Investigator for development of a multimedia CD-ROM on resources for preventing youth violence. He also is the Project Evaluator for projects that include a high-risk replication grant funded by the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP) that tests the effects of a comprehensive substance-use and violence-prevention project for elementary school youth. A nationally known scholar, Dr. Romero serves on several technical expert panels, including CSAP's National High Risk Youth Cross-Site Evaluation Technical Expert Group. Previously, he directed the Southwest Regional Laboratory's Human Development Research and Evaluation Program and the Educational Testing Service's Southwest offices. Dr. Romero's expertise includes applied measurement and statistics; quantitative, qualitative, and survey research; evaluation methodology; community assessment; and prevention education. Dr. Romero earned a doctorate in Education (Applied Measurement/Statistics) from the University of California, Riverside, and also holds a master's degree in Education, a master's degree in Entomology, and a bachelor's degree in Chemistry.


LeRoy Rooker directs the U.S. Department of Education's Family Policy Compliance Office. In that capacity, he administers laws and policies designed to help protect the rights of America's 58 million students. He is also responsible for overseeing the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) and the Protection of Pupils Rights Amendment (PPRA) documents. Mr. Rooker's office investigates alleged violations of FERPA and PPRA and provides technical assistance to educational agencies and institutions relative to these laws. In addition, his office issues opinions relating to the two laws in response to inquiries, including those from State and Federal officials. Mr. Rooker has served in his current capacity since 1988. Before that, he was Special Assistant to the Department's Deputy Secretary for Management.


Ann Rosewater is Deputy Assistant Secretary for Human Services Policy in the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation. She is responsible for policy development and planning, budget analysis, review of regulations and formulation of legislation, and research and evaluation implementation on issues relating to income assistance, employment, and related human service programs. She also serves as the Secretary's Deputy to the President's Domestic Policy Council. Prior to this appointment, Ms. Rosewater served for 3 years as Deputy Assistant Secretary for Policy and External Affairs, Administration for Children and Families, Health and Human Services. She also served as a Senior Consultant to the Pew Charitable Trusts' Children's Initiative; the Casey, Ford, and Rockefeller Foundations' urban change initiative; and former President Carter's Atlanta Project. Ms. Rosewater assisted in the creation of the U.S. House of Representatives Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families, and served as its Staff Director and Deputy Staff Director for 7 years. She was the first nonelected official to receive the Leadership in Human Services Award of the American Public Welfare Association, and received the President's Certificate for Outstanding Service from the American Academy of Pediatrics. She has served as a national board member of the Jewish Fund for Justice, the Family Resource Coalition, and the Youth Law Center. She has written extensively on child health and education, disabled children, child and family policy, and comprehensive strategies to reduce urban poverty. She earned her master's degree in Art History at Columbia University and her bachelor's degree at Wellesley College.


David Roush, Ph.D., has provided leadership programs and services for juveniles and staff since 1971. He currently serves as the Director of the National Juvenile Detention Association (NJDA) Center for Research & Professional Development, which manages the OJJDP grant for training line staff in juvenile detention and correctional facilities. Dr. Roush is also a Faculty member in the School of Criminal Justice at Michigan State University. Dr. Roush served as the Lead Consultant to the NJDA/OJJDP Juvenile Justice Personnel Improvement Project and as the Director of the Calhoun County Juvenile Home, where he developed the Intensive Learning Program (ILP) and the W.K. Kellogg Foundation-sponsored Holistic Environmental Life-skills Project (HELP). These programs received the Certificate of Merit and the Gould/Wysinger Award from OJJDP.


Shedrick Sanders is a Trainer for the National Resource Center for Youth Mediation (NRCYM), a division established in 1995 by the New Mexico Center for Dispute Resolution (NMCDR) to provide training, technical assistance, and materials throughout the United States and abroad. Mr. Sanders has participated in the design and implementation of onsite training in conflict resolution, peer mediation, and multiparty mediation in school, community, and juvenile corrections and detention facilities. This training is presented regionally and nationally by NRCYM. In addition, Mr. Sanders provides training and technical assistance to New Mexico schools, establishing peer mediation programs as part of NMCDR's Mediation in the Schools program. Mr. Sanders' unique training style reflects a diverse background, including experience as a trained Prejudice Reduction Instructor, an Outward Bound Counselor, and a Peace Corps Volunteer in Pakistan, Ghana, and Eastern Samoa. He most recently was Youth Program Coordinator for the Orange County Dispute Settlement Center in Carrboro, North Carolina. He holds a master's degree in Science Education from the University of South Florida, Tampa, and a bachelor's degree from the University of Illinois, Chicago.


The Honorable Kurt L. Schmoke, now in his third term as Mayor of Baltimore, has developed a reputation as one of the most innovative mayors in the Nation, as demonstrated by his initiatives in literacy, education, community revitalization, health, and economic development. Mayor Schmoke previously served in Baltimore as State's Attorney and Assistant U.S. Attorney. Before that, he was on President Carter's domestic policy staff and with the Baltimore law firm of Piper and Marbury. Mayor Schmoke received a bachelor's degree in History from Yale University, attended Oxford University as a Rhodes Scholar, and received a law degree from Harvard Law School.


Anne Larason Schneider, Ph.D., has served as Dean of the College of Public Programs at Arizona State University (ASU) since 1989. A native of Oklahoma, she received both a bachelor's degree and a master's degree in Political Science from Oklahoma State University, and a doctorate in Political Science from Indiana University. She has held faculty appointments at Yale University and Oklahoma State University as well as at ASU. From 1976 to 1982, she was Director of the Institute for Policy Analysis, a nonprofit research organization located in Eugene, Oregon. Her areas of interest include public policy, citizenship, democracy, juvenile justice, and violence prevention. She is the author of 2 books and more than 50 scholarly articles and book chapters, including Policy Design for Democracy (forthcoming, University of Kansas). Her work in juvenile justice has been presented in "The Social Construction of Target Populations: Implications for Politics and Policy," American Political Science Review; "Constructing Citizenship," in Ingram and Smith (eds.) Public Policy and Democracy; "Improving Implementation Through Framing Smarter Statutes," Journal of Public Policy; "Systematically `Pinching' Ideas: A Comparative Approach to Policy Design," Journal of Public Policy; and "The Evolution of a Policy Orientation for Evaluation Research," Public Administration Review. Her research in juvenile justice and delinquency prevention includes serving as the Principal Investigator on the national evaluation of juvenile restitution programs that studied the effect of restitution and community service on youth in 85 courts nationwide. This work has been reported in Deterrence and Juvenile Crime: Results From a National Policy Experiment; "The Role of Restitution in Juvenile Justice Systems," Yale Law and Policy Review; and "Restitution and Recidivism: Results From Four Experimental Studies," Criminology.


Robert G. Schwartz cofounded the Juvenile Law Center (JLC) in 1975 after attending Haverford College and Temple University School of Law. He has served as JLC's Executive Director since 1982. JLC is a Pennsylvania-based public interest law firm that works to reform State systems that serve children. JLC focuses on juvenile justice, child welfare, and children's health. Mr. Schwartz has written extensively on service coordination and placement prevention in the child welfare and juvenile justice systems; testified before congressional and Pennsylvania legislative committees; represented children in State and Federal class action litigation, and in abuse, neglect, and delinquency cases in juvenile and family court cases; and worked with advocates and policymakers in Pennsylvania and across the country to improve child-serving systems. He has been a Consultant to many State-based advocacy groups on children and family policy. Mr. Schwartz is also a member of the National Advisory Committee of the American Bar Association's (ABA's) Center on Children and the Law. In October 1993, he spent a week in South Africa helping to design a legal system for children in trouble with the law. Mr. Schwartz is a Gubernatorial Appointee to the Pennsylvania Commission on Crime and Delinquency, and to the State advisory group that distributes Federal funds under the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act. He is a member of the ABA Criminal Justice Section Council; since 1992, he has chaired the Section's Juvenile Justice Committee. In 1993, he helped author the ABA report America's Children at Risk: A National Agenda for Legal Action, and he serves as an ABA Presidential Appointee to the Steering Committee charged by ABA with the report's implementation. In 1995, Mr. Schwartz coauthored A Call for Justice, which addressed representation of children in juvenile court.


Bettina M. Scott, Ph.D., serves as the Acting Associate Administrator for Alcohol Prevention and Treatment Policy for the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. She has more than 20 years of experience designing, planning, implementing, and evaluating health, education, and human service programs and projects for both Federal agencies and community-based organizations. During the course of this work, Dr. Scott developed and tested methods for effective school curriculums evaluation, established procedures for evaluation of nonstructured learning environments, developed criteria for the assessment and attainment of job skills, and established protocols for local community residents to conduct needs assessments, identify program strategies, and structure program priorities. Dr. Scott received a bachelor's degree in Secondary Education and History from Towson State University, a master's degree in History from Morgan State University, and a doctorate in Education and Curriculum Development from the University of Maryland. She continued her studies at Hampton University, The Johns Hopkins University, the American University, and the University of Minnesota in the areas of health promotion, alcohol and drug abuse prevention, management, public administration, and public health.


Neil Shorthouse is President of Communities in Schools of Georgia, Inc. (CIS), a nonprofit corporation designed to develop programs in Georgia to increase the graduation rate and prevent children from dropping out of school. Mr. Shorthouse is currently assisting former President Carter in a youth development program called FutureForce, jointly operated by CIS, The Atlanta Project, and the U.S. Military. He is also a cofounder of the National Communities in Schools Organization, which began in Georgia and is now the Nation's largest stay-in-school network, operating at 1,005 locations throughout the United States.


Melissa Sickmund, Ph.D., joined the National Center for Juvenile Justice (NCJJ) in 1986. She received her degrees from the University of Maryland. AT NCJJ, she works primarily on the Juvenile Justice Statistics and Systems Development Program. The project facilitates the use of data to support juvenile justice decisionmaking by improving and disseminating statistical information. Juvenile Offenders and Victims is the project's primary publication series--a growing collection of user-friendly reference documents on juveniles and the justice system. Dr. Sickmund is involved in a four-jurisdiction study on juveniles transferred to criminal court. She also works on the National Juvenile Court Data Archive project that collects automated records from juvenile courts nationwide. The annual Juvenile Court Statistics reports and Offenders in Juvenile Court bulletins are the Archive's primary publications.


Stuart Simms, Esq., is the Secretary of the Maryland Department of Juvenile Services, a post to which Governor Parris Glendening appointed him in 1995. Before accepting that post, Mr. Simms served as the State's Attorney for Baltimore City from 1987 to 1994, and as Deputy State's Attorney for Baltimore City, beginning in 1983. After obtaining a bachelor's degree from Dartmouth College with honors in 1972 and a jurum doctor from Harvard University in 1975, Mr. Simms began his legal career with the Baltimore law firm of Semmes, Bowen & Semmes. Later, he became the Staff Counsel to U.S. Senator Paul Sarbanes in Washington D.C., then he spent 4 years as an Assistant U.S. Attorney for the District of Maryland, prosecuting cases involving bank robbery, mail fraud, drug violations, and tax evasion. Mr. Simms' professional and community service includes serving on several boards: the NAACP, the Citizen's Planning and Housing Association, Sinai Hospital, and the Baltimore Education Scholarship Trust. He is a Past President of the Maryland State's Attorneys' Association and is a member of the Advisory Boards of the University of Baltimore School of Law and the University of Maryland School of Law.


Zili Sloboda, Sc.D., is currently Director of the Division of Epidemiology and Prevention Research of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). At NIDA, she has also served as Associate Director for Planning and Service Coordination of the Division of Clinical Research, as Chief of the Prevention Research Branch, and as a Research Epidemiologist focusing on the natural history of HIV infection among drug abusers. Dr. Sloboda was trained as a Medical Sociologist at New York University and as an Epidemiologist at The Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health. Her research has included epidemiological studies of drug abuse in New York City; evaluations of drug abuse treatment programs; health services research relative to the utilization of a geriatrics program, of dental services, and of a community-based hospital; and prevention research focusing on comprehensive community programs for sickle cell screening and for cancer. She has authored more than 40 book chapters and publications in the areas of drug abuse, cancer prevention, and AIDS prevention. Dr. Sloboda has also served as a Consultant to several Federal and international agencies and has been an invited speaker in the United States, Europe, and Asia.


Jeffrey Slowikowski came to OJJDP in August 1990 through the Presidential Management Intern Program and became a Project Manager in the Research and Program Development Division. Since joining OJJDP, he has managed several projects, including the development of OJJDP's Comprehensive Strategy for Serious, Violent, and Chronic Juvenile Offenders project and Pulling America's Communities Together, Project PACT. In 1992, while on detail from OJJDP, Mr. Slowikowski worked for Senator Strom Thurmond on the U.S. Senate's Committee on the Judiciary. Mr. Slowikowski earned a bachelor's degree in Criminal Justice from the University of Baltimore in 1987 and a Graduate Certificate in Police Administration and master's degree in Public Administration from the University of Baltimore in 1990. Prior to joining OJJDP, he was a Graduate Fellow at the Schaefer Center for Public Policy in Baltimore, where he assisted in the development and preparation of research proposals to Federal, State, and local governments in the field of social science and public policy. Mr. Slowikowski served as an Auxiliary Police Officer with the Baltimore County Police Department for 4 years, where he worked in the Crime Analysis Unit and assisted staff in the development of the Police Department's local crime report and subsequent data submissions to the FBI's Uniform Crime Report.


Howard Snyder, Ph.D., is the Director of Systems Research at the National Center for Juvenile Justice in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He directs an OJJDP effort to improve the quality and availability of national information on juvenile crime, victimization, and the justice system. He also directs the National Juvenile Court Data Archive, which stores automated case records from more than 1,400 juvenile courts, and a research program that studies the outcomes of juveniles transferred to criminal courts in four States. Dr. Snyder has conducted additional research on violent crime against young children, differences in daily cycles of juveniles involved in violent crime, and the development of juveniles' law-violating careers.


Mark Soler is President of the Youth Law Center, a public interest law firm with offices in San Francisco and Washington, D.C. Since 1978, he and his colleagues have worked with public officials, agency personnel, parents, community groups, attorneys, and other children's advocates in more than 40 States on juvenile justice, child welfare, health, mental health, and education issues. Mr. Soler and his colleagues have litigated successfully in 16 States on behalf of children whose rights have been violated. He is a coauthor of A Call for Justice, a report on access to counsel and quality of representation in delinquency proceedings.


Eric Stansbury currently serves as a Program Specialist with OJJDP. He has more than 15 years of experience in youth and community service programs, and the administration of State and Federal initiatives. He has served on national task forces at the U.S. Departments of Education and the Interior. In addition, he has conducted presentations before civic associations and national groups on topics ranging from substance abuse to violence prevention. Mr. Stansbury's accomplishments include initiating a communitywide campaign that received recognition by city officials and assisting with community empowerment for public housing residents. He has also directed the District of Columbia's initial project for a community-based holistic treatment center for adolescents in Southeast D.C., and has served on the Board of Directors of a shelter for girls and victims of crime. Mr. Stansbury received his bachelor's degree in Urban Studies from the University of Maryland.


Paul Steiner, a Program Manager in OJJDP's State Relations and Assistance Division, has been with the U.S. Department of Justice for more than 18 years and has managed programs in delinquency prevention and juvenile restitution, detention, and corrections. Mr. Steiner has extensive experience in providing technical assistance to States on conditions of confinement, facility planning, deinstitutionalizing status and nonoffenders, and on developing alternatives to the practice of confining juveniles in adult jails. He has also worked in youth services for the States of Virginia and Maryland and the District of Columbia Department of Corrections, and as a private Consultant in juvenile justice. On a volunteer basis, Mr. Steiner has served as a Court-Appointed Special Advocate for the Family Court in Fairfax County, Virginia, and is currently a member of the Montgomery County, Maryland, Commission for Children and Youth.


Linda Stewart is Director of the Regional Prevention Center of Wyandotte County, located in Kansas City, Kansas. The center is one of 13 such centers across the State funded by the Kansas State Legislature through the Alcohol and Drug Abuse Commission. Ms. Stewart received a bachelor's degree in Home Economics Education from the University of Missouri and a master's degree in Adult Education from Kansas State University. While teaching special education, high school, and middle school students, she began to learn more about adolescent problem behaviors, including alcohol and drug abuse, violence, and teen pregnancy. Ms. Stewart worked as a school-based Prevention Coordinator for 3 years before becoming the Director of the center in 1990.


Sandra S. Stone, Ph.D., is an Assistant Professor in the Criminal Justice Program in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at the State University of West Georgia. She has worked for 20 years in the social services field in a variety of settings and has experience as a Direct Service Provider, Researcher, Teacher, and Administrator. Her primary areas of interest and expertise include criminal justice, juvenile delinquency, family violence, child welfare, and public policy. She received a bachelor's degree in Sociology/Psychology and a master's degree in Psychology from the State University of West Georgia, and a doctorate in Sociology from Emory University.


Gilbert Sudbeck is currently Director of the Division of Alcohol and Drug Abuse, State of South Dakota, Department of Human Services. He is responsible for the development and implementation of alcohol and drug prevention and treatment programming for the State of South Dakota. Prior to his current duties, Mr. Sudbeck was Director of Corrections Substance Abuse Programs, State of South Dakota. Mr. Sudbeck has developed a statewide program in South Dakota that will provide screening, assessment, and specific prevention and treatment services to those youth arrested for alcohol- and drug-related charges of possession or consumption.


The Honorable Gerard B. Sullivan, Assistant U.S. Attorney, U.S. Department of Justice, serves as Chief Prosecutor for cases involving violent criminal street gangs. He also serves as Project Triggerlock Coordinator and Violent Crime Coordinator. He is assigned to the Organized Crime Drug Enforcement Task Force. Before joining the U.S. Department of Justice in 1991, Mr. Sullivan served in the Rhode Island Department of the Attorney General, first as Special Assistant Attorney General assigned to the Criminal Division, and most recently as Assistant Attorney General as the Chief Prosecutor for organized crime matters. He has been an Adjunct Faculty Member at Roger Williams University where he has taught an undergraduate course in Civil Rights Law, and he has been an Instructor at the Rhode Island State Police Training Academy. Mr. Sullivan received a bachelor's degree from Amherst College and earned his jurum doctor from Suffolk University School of Law.

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