This Bulletin was written based on research conducted by several staff of the National Center for Juvenile Justice (NCJJ): Patrick Griffin, Hunter Hurst IV, Imogene Montgomery, Charles Puzzanchera, and Douglas Thomas. Patricia Torbet is a Senior Research Associate and Linda Szymanski, J.D., is the Director of Legal Research at NCJJ. Funds to support the Technical Assistance to the Juvenile Court Project were provided by OJJDP. Michael Goodnow is the OJJDP Program Manager for this work. Sara Pula, of the Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse, edited this Bulletin.