U.S. Department of Justice, Office Of Justice Programs, Innovation - Partnerships - Safer Neighborhoods
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Working for Youth Justice and Safety
skip navigationAbout OJJDPE-NewsOJJDP resources organized topicallyFundingProgramsState representatives and organizations that administer OJJDP programsPublicationsOJJDP's Statistical Briefing BookOJJDP conferences, teleconferences, and juvenile justice-related eventsArchivesToolsHome
   

     Juvenile Sex Offender Research
    Bibliography


A Comprehensive Bibliograhy of Scholarly Research and Literature Relating to Juvenile Sex Offenders

(About the Bibliography)

Line
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

Line

Abel, G. G., Osborn, C. A., & Twigg, D. A. (1993). Sexual assault through the life span: Adult offenders with juvenile histories. In H.E. Barbaree, W. L. Marshall, & S. M. Hudson (Eds.), The juvenile sex offender (pp. 104-117). New York: The Guilford Press.

Agee, V. L. (1986). Institutional treatment programs for the violent juvenile. In S. J. Apter, & A. P. Goldstein (Eds.), Youth violence program & prospects (pp. 75-88). Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.

Ageton, S. S. (1983). Sexual assault among adolescents, Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.

AIDS Testing. (June, 1997). Juvenile and Family Law Digest, 29 (6), 1662-1663.

Akin, D. F. (1990). Sex offenders and the failure to cure them. Journal of Juvenile Law, 11 (1), 65-69.

Allard-Dansereau, C., Haley, N., Hamane, M., & Bernard-Bonnin, A. C. (1997). Pattern of child sexual abuse by young aggressors. Child Abuse & Neglect, 21 (10), 965-974.

Allen, C. M. (1991). Women and men who sexually abuse children: A comparative analysis. Orwell, VT: Safer Society Press.

Allen, C. M., & Pothast, H. L. (1994). Distinguishing characteristics of male and female child sex abusers. Young Victims, Young Offenders, 73-88.

Andres, P. L. (1995). Sticking it to the fourth amendment: The failure of Missouri's mandatory HIV testing law for juvenile sex offenders. UMKC Law Review, 63 (3), 455-474.

Arp, P. O. (1997). A national survey of NAPN treaters of adolescent sex offenders. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 26 (1/2), 109-124.

Arroyo, W., Spencer, E., & Pynoos, R. (1984). Sexual assault of a mother by her preadolescent son. American Journal of Psychiatry, 141 (9), 1107-1108.

Ascherman, L. I., & Safier, E. J. (1990). Sibling incest: A consequence of individual and family dysfunction. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 54, 311-322.

Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers, (1997). Ethical standards and principles for the management of sexual abusers. Beaverton, OR: Author.

Atcheson, J. D., & Williams, D. C. (1954). A study of juvenile sex offenders. American Journal of Psychiatry, 111, 366-370.

Awad, G. A., & Saunders, E. B. (1989). Adolescent child molesters: Clinical observations. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 19 (3), 195-206.

Awad, G. A., & Saunders, E. B. (1991). Male adolescent sexual assaulters. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 6 (4), 446-460.

Awad, G. A., Saunders, E., & Levene, J. (1984). A clinical study of male adolescent sexual offenders. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 20, 105-116.

Baird, D. (1991). A model for immediate voluntary assessment of male adolescent sex offenders. Journal of Child and Youth Care, 77-85.

Bala, N., & Schwartz, I. (1993). Legal responses to the juvenile sex offender. In H.E. Barbaree, W. L. Marshall, & S. M. Hudson (Eds.), The juvenile sex offender (pp. 25-43). New York: The Guilford Press.

Barbaree, H. E. (1994). [Review of the book: Sex offenders: Dynamics and psychotherapeutic strategies.] Archives of Sexual Behavior, 23 (2), 237-242.

Barbaree, H. E., & Cortoni, R. R. (1993). Treatment of the juvenile sex offender within the criminal justice and mental health systems. In H.E. Barbaree, W. L. Marshall, & S. M. Hudson (Eds.), The juvenile sex offender (pp. 243-263). New York: The Guilford Press.

Barbaree, H. E., Hudson, S. M., & Seto, M. C. (1993). Sexual assault in society: The role of the juvenile offender. In H.E. Barbaree, W. L. Marshall, & S. M. Hudson (Eds.), The juvenile sex offender (pp. 1- 24). New York: The Guilford Press.

Barker, M. (1994). What do we know about the effectiveness of treatment for sex offenders? Prison Service Journal, 94, 26-30.

Becker, J. V. (1988). The effects of child sexual abuse on adolescent sexual offenders. In G. E. Wyatt & G. J. Powell (Eds.), Lasting effects of child sexual abuse (pp. 193-207). Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.

Becker, J. V. (1990). Treating adolescent sexual offenders. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 21 (5), 362-365.

Becker, J. V., Cunningham-Rathner, J., & Kaplan, M. S. (1986). Adolescent sexual offenders: Demographics, criminal, and sexual histories, and recommendations for reducing future offenses. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 1 (4), 431-451.

Becker, J. V., Harris, C. D., & Sales, B. D. (1993). Juveniles who commit sexual offenses: A critical review of research. In G. C. Nagayama Hall, R. Hirschman, J. R. Graham, & M. S. Zaragoza (Eds.), Sexual aggression: Issues in etiology, assessment, and treatment (pp. 215-228). Washington, DC: Taylor & Francis.

Becker, J. V., & Hunter, J. A. (1997). Understanding and treating child and adolescent sexual offenders. Advances in Clinical Child Psychology, 19, 177-197.

Becker, J. V., Hunter, J. A., Goodwin, D., Kaplan, M. S., & Martinez, D. (1992). Test-retest reliability of audio-taped phallometric stimuli with adolescent sexual offenders. Annals of Sex Research, 5, 45-51.

Becker, J. V., Hunter, Jr., J. A., Stein, R. M., & Kaplan, M. S. (1989). Factors associated with erection in adolescent sex offenders. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 11 (4), 353-362.

Becker, J. V., & Kaplan, M. S. (1988). The assessment of adolescent sexual offenders. Advances in Behavioral Assessment of Children and Families, 4, 97-118.

Becker, J. V., & Kaplan, M. S. (1993). Cognitive-behavioral treatment of the juvenile sex offender. In H.E. Barbaree, W. L. Marshall, & S. M. Hudson (Eds.), The juvenile sex offender (pp. 264-277). New York: The Guilford Press.

Becker, J. V., Kaplan, M. S., Cunningham-Rathner, J., & Kavoussi, R. (1986). Characteristics of adolescent incest sexual perpetrators: Preliminary findings. Journal of Family Violence, 1 (1), 85-97.

Becker, J. V., Kaplan, M. S., & Kavoussi, R. (1988). Measuring the effectiveness of treatment for the aggressive adolescent sexual offender. In R. A. Prentky & V. L. Quinsey (Eds.), Human Sexual Aggression: Current Perspectives (pp. 215-222). New York: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences.

Becker, J. V., Kaplan, M. S., & Tenke, C. E. (1992). The relationship of abuse history, denial, and erectile response of profiles of adolescent sexual perpetrators. Behavior Therapy, 23, 87-97.

Becker, J. V., Kaplan, M. S., Tenke, C. E., & Tartaglini, A. (1991). The incidence of depressive symptomatology in juvenile sex offenders with a history of abuse. Child Abuse & Neglect, 15 (4), 531-536.

Becker, J. V., & Kavoussi, R. J. (1989). Diagnosis and treatment of juvenile sex offenders. In R. Rosner, & H. I. Schwartz (Eds.), Juvenile Psychiatry and The Law (pp. 133-143).

Becker, J. V., & Stein, R. M. (1991). Is sexual erotica associated with sexual deviance in adolescent males? International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 14, 85-95.

Becker, J. V., Stein, R. M., Kaplan, M. S., & Cunningham-Rathner, J. (1992). Erection response characteristics of adolescent sex offenders. Annals of Sex Research. 5 (2), 81-86.

Bengis, S. (1997). Comprehensive service delivery with a continuum of care. In G. Ryan, & S. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending (pp. 211-218). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Benoit, J. L., & Kennedy, W. A. (1992). The abuse history of male adolescent sex offenders. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 7 (4), 543-548.

Berliner, L. (1998). Juvenile sex offenders: Should they be treated differently? Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 13 (5), 645-646.

Bethea-Jackson, G., & Brissett-Chapman, S. (1989). The juvenile sex offender: Challenges to assessment for outpatient intervention. Child and Adolescent Social Work, 6 (2), 127-137.

Bischof, G. P. (1991). Adolescent male sexual offenders' perceptions of their family characteristics. Unpublished master's thesis, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University, Blacksburg.

Bischof, G. P., & Rosen, K. H. (1997). An ecological perspective on adolescent sexual offending. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 26 (1/2), 67-88.

Bischof, G. P., Stith, S. M., & Whitney, M. L. (1995). Family environments of adolescent sex offenders and other juvenile delinquents. Adolescence, 30 (117), 157-171.

Bischof, G. P., Stith, S. M., & Wilson, S. M. (1992). A comparison of the family systems of adolescent sexual offenders and nonsexual offending delinquents. Family Relations, 41, 318-323.

Blaske, D. M., Borduin, C. M., & Henggeler, S. W., & Mann, B. J. (1989). Individual, family, and peer characteristics of adolescent sex offenders and assaultive offenders. Developmental Psychology, 25 (5), 846-855.

Bohn, S. E. (1993). New techniques and technologies bring basic theories up to date. Corrections Today, 55 (7), 8-10.

Bolton, F. G., Morris, L. A., & MacEachron, A. E. (1989). Male child sexual abuse. Males at risk: The other side of child sexual abuse, (pp. 46-58). Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.

Bonner, B. L., Marx, B. P., Thompson, T. J., & Michaelson, P. (1998). Assessment of adolescent sexual offenders. Child Maltreatment, 3 (4), 374-383.

Borduin, C. M., Henggeler, S. W., Blaske, D. M., & Stein, R. J. (1990). Multisystemic treatment of adolescent sexual offenders. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 34 (2), 105-113.

Bourke, M. L., & Donohue, B. (1996). Assessment and treatment of juvenile sex offenders: An empirical review. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 5 (1), 47-70.

Bradford, J. (1993). The pharmacological treatment of the adolescent sex offender. In H.E. Barbaree, W. L. Marshall, & S. M. Hudson (Eds.), The juvenile sex offender (pp. 278-289). New York: The Guilford Press.

Brannon, J. M., Larson, B., & Doggett, M. (1989). The extent and origins of sexual molestation and abuse among incarcerated adolescent males. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 3, 161-172.

Brannon, J. M., Larson, B., & Doggett, M. (1991). Peer counseling strategies: Facilitating self-disclosure among sexually victimized juvenile offenders. Journal of Addictions and Offender Counseling, 11 (2), 51-58.

Brannon, J. M., & Troyer, R. (1991). Peer group counseling: A normalized residential alternative to the specialized treatment of adolescent sex offenders. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 35 (3), 225-234.

Brannon, J. M., & Troyer, R. (1995). Adolescent sex offenders: investigating adult commitment rates four years later. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 39, (4), 317-326.

Breer, W. (1996). The adolescent molester (2nd ed.). Springfield, IL: Thomas Books.

Bremer, J. F. (1992). Serious juvenile sex offenders: Treatment and long-term follow-up. Psychiatric Annals, 22 (6), 326-332.

Bremer, J. F. (1998). Challenges in the assessment and treatment of sexually abusive adolescents. The Irish Journal of Psychology, 19 (1), 82-92.

Brown, C. M., Traverso, G., & Fedoroff, J. P. (1996). Masturbation prohibition in sex offenders: A crossover study. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 25 (4), 397-409.

Brown, S. D. (1997). Use of experiential activities in treatment of juvenile sex offenders: A multifamily group treatment model. Offender Programs Report, 1 (3), 35-47.

Bruinsma, F. (1995). Immediate assessment of adolescent sex offenders seen at the police station. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Counseling, 39 (4), 307-316.

Bumby, K. M., & Halstenson Bumby, N. (1997). Adolescent female sexual offenders. In B. K. Schwartz & H. R. Cellini (Eds.), The sex offender: New insights, treatment innovations, and legal developments Volume II (pp. 10-1 - 10-16). Kingston, NJ: Civic Research Institute, Inc.

Burgess, A. W., Hartman, C. R., McCormack, A., & Grant, C. A. (1988). Child victim to juvenile victimizer: treatment implications. International Journal of Family Psychiatry, 9 (4), 403-416.

Burkhart, B. (1993). Mirroring the maturation of our work: Adolescent sexual offending. Journal of Sex Research 31 (2), 159-161.

Burton, D. L., Nesmith, A. A., & Badten, L. (1997). Clinician's views on sexually aggressive children and their families: A theoretical exploration. Child Abuse & Neglect, 21 (2), 157-170.

Camp, B. H., & Thyer, B. A. (1993). Treatment of adolescent sex offenders: A review of empirical research. Journal of Applied Social Sciences, 17 (2), 191-206.

Cantwell, H. B. (1988). Child sexual abuse: very young perpetrators. Child Abuse & Neglect, 12, 579-582.

Card, R. D., & Dibble, A. (1995). Predictive value of the Card/Farrall stimuli in discriminating between gynephilic and pedophilic sexual offenders. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 7 (2), 129-141.

Carpenter, D. R., Peed, S. F., & Eastman, B. (1995). Personality characteristics of adolescent sexual offenders: A pilot study. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 7 (3), 195-203.

Cashwell, C. S., & Caruso, M. E. (1997). Adolescent sex offenders: Identification and intervention strategies. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 19 (4), 336-348.

Castonguay, L. G., Proulx, J., Aubut, J., McKibben, A., & Campbell, M. (1993). Sexual preference assessment of sexual aggressors: Predictors of penile response magnitude. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 22 (4), 325-335.

Cavanagh Johnson, T. (1988). Child perpetrators-children who molest other children: preliminary findings. Child Abuse & Neglect, 12, 219-229.

Cavanagh Johnson, T. (1989). Female child perpetrators: Children who molest other children. Child Abuse & Neglect, 13, 571-585.

Cellini, H. R. (1995). Assessment and treatment of the adolescent sexual offender. In B. K. Schwartz & H. R. Cellini (Eds.), The sex offender: Corrections, treatment and legal practice (pp. 6-1 - 6-11). Kingston, NJ: Civic Research Institute, Inc.

Charles, G., & McDonald, M. (1997). Adolescent sexual offenders. Journal of Child and Youth Care, 11 (1), 15-25.

Chorn, R., & Parekh, A. (1997). Adolescent sexual offenders: A self- psychological perspective. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 51, 210-228.

Coleman, H. (1997). Gaps and silences: The culture and adolescent sex offenders. Journal of Child and Youth Care, 11 (1), 1-13.

Connolly, M., & Wolf, S. C. (1995). Services for juvenile sex offenders: Issues in establishing programs. Australian Social Work, 48 (3), 3-10.

Cooper, C. L., Murphy, W. D., & Haynes, M. A. (1996). Characteristics of abused and nonabused adolescent sexual offenders. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 8 (2), 105-119.

Coulborn Faller, K. (1987). Women who sexually abuse children. Violence and Victims, 2 (4), 263-276.

Cumming, G., & Buell, M. (1997). The supervision of the sex offender. Brandon, VT: Safer Society Press.

Czech, N. J. (1988). Family therapy with adolescent sex offenders. In J. K. Zeig, & S. R. Lankton (Eds.), Developing Ericksonian Therapy (pp. 452-461). New York: Brunner Mazel.

Daleiden, E. L., Kaufman, K. L., Hilliker, D. R. & O'Neil, J. N. (1998). The sexual histories and fantasies of youthful males: A comparison of sexual offending, nonsexual offending and nonoffending groups. Journal of Sexual Abuse, 10 (3).

Dalton, J. E. (1996). Juvenile male sex offenders: Mean scores on the BASC Self-Report of Personality. Psychological Reports, 79, 634.

Davis, G. E., & Leitenberg, H. (1987). Adolescent sex offenders. Psychological Bulletin, 101 (3), 417-127.

Day, K. (1994). Male mentally handicapped sex offenders. British Journal of Psychiatry, 165, 630-639.

Debelle, G. D., Ward, M. R., Burnham, J. B., Jamieson, R., & Ginty, M. (1993). Evaluation of intervention programmes for juvenile sex offenders: questions and dilemmas. Child Abuse Review, 2, 75-87.

Deisher, R. W., Wenet, G. A., Paperny, D. M., Clark, T. F., & Fehrenbach, P. A. (1982). Adolescent sex offense behavior: The role of the physician. Journal of Adolescent Health Care, 2, 279-286.

DiCenso, C. B. (1992). The adolescent sexual offender: Victim and perpetrator. In E. C. Viano (Ed.), Critical Issues in Victimology: International Perspectives (pp. 190-200). New York: Springer.

DiGiorgio-Miller, J. (1994). Clinical techniques in the treatment of juvenile sex offenders. Young Victims, Young Offenders, 21 (1/2), 117-126.

Does pornography influence sexual deviance in young males? (1991). The Brown University Child and Adolescent Behavior Letter, 7 (9), 4.

Doshay, L. J. (1943). The boy sex offender and his later career. New York: Grune & Stratton.

Duehn, W. D. (1994). Cognitive-behavioral approaches in the treatment of the child sex offender. In D. K. Granvold (Ed.), Cognitive and behavioral treatment: Methods and applications (pp. 125-134). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Eisenman, R., & Kristsonis, W. (1995). How children learn to become sex offenders. Psychology - A Quarterly Journal of Human Behavior, 32 (1), 25-29.

Eldridge, H. (1994). Barbara's story - a mother who sexually abused. In M. Elliott (Ed.), Female sexual abuse of children (pp. 74-87). New York: Guilford Press.

Elliott, D. M., & Smiljanich, K. (1994). Sex offending among juveniles: Development and response. Journal of Pediatric Health Care, 8 (3), 101-105.

Elliott, M. (1994). What survivors tell us - an overview. In M. Elliott (Ed.), Female sexual abuse of children (pp. 5-13). New York: Guilford Press.

Emerick, R. L., & Dutton, W. A. (1993). The effect of polygraphy on the self report of adolescent sex offenders: Implications for risk assessment. Annals of Sex Research, 6 (2), 83-103.

Epps, K. J., (1994). Treating adolescent sex offenders in secure conditions; the experience at Glenthorne Centre Journal of Adolescence, 17, 105-122.

Epps, K. J., Haworth, R., & Swaffer, T. (1993). Attitudes toward women and rape among male adolescents convicted of sexual versus nonsexual crimes. Journal of Psychology, 127 (5), 501-507.

Ertl, M. A., & McNamara, J. R. (1997). Treatment of juvenile sex offenders: A review of the literature. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 14 (3), 199-221.

Etgar, T. (1996). Parallel processes in a training and supervision group for counselors working with adolescent sex offenders. Social Work with Groups, 19 (3/4), 57-69.

Fagan, J., & Wexler, S. (1988). Explanations of sexual assault among violent delinquents [Special issue: Adolescent sexual behavior]. Journal of Adolescent Research, 3, 363-385.

Faller, K. C. (1987). Women who sexually abuse children. Violence and Victims, 2 (4), 263-276.

Faller, K. C. (1995). A clinical sample of women who have sexually abused children. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse. 4 (3), 13-30.

Fehrenbach, P. (1993). [Review of the book Treating adolescent sex offenders in the community]. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 22 (1), 82-84.

Fehrenbach, P. A., & Monastersky, C. (1988). Characteristics of female adolescent sexual offenders. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. 58 (1), 148-151.

Fehrenbach, P. A., Smith, W., Monastersky, C., & Deisher, R. W. (1986). Adolescent sexual offenders: Offender and offense characteristics. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 56 (2), 225 - 233.

Fillmore, A. (1987). Treatment of the juvenile sex offender. Health Visitor, 60 (3), 97-98.

Finkelhor, D., & Russell, D. (1984). Women as perpetrators: Review of the evidence. In D. Finkelhor (Ed.), Child sexual abuse: New theory and research New York: Free Press.

Finkelhor, D. H. (1980). Sex among siblings: A survey on prevalence, variety, and effects. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 9 (3), 171-194.

Ford, M. E., & Linney, J. A. (1995). Comparative analysis of juvenile sexual offenders, violent nonsexual offenders, and status offenders. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 10 (1), 56-70.

France, K. & Hudson, S. M. (1993). The conduct disorders and the juvenile sex offender. In H.E. Barbaree, W. L. Marshall, & S. M. Hudson (Eds.), The juvenile sex offender (pp. 225-234). New York: Guilford Press.

Freel, M. (1995). Women who sexually abuse children. Norwich, UK: University of Hull.

Freeman-Longo, R. E., Bird, S., Stevenson, W. F., & Fiske, J. A. (1995). 1994 nationwide survey of treatment programs & models serving abuse-reactive children and adolescent & adult sex offenders. Brandon, VT: Safer Society Program.

French, D. D. (1989). Distortion and lying as defense processes in the adolescent child molester. Journal of Offender Counseling, Services and Rehabilitation, 13 (1), 27-37.

Frey, C. L. (1995). Double jeopardy: Treating juvenile victims and perpetrators for the dual disorder of sexual abuse and substance abuse. Dubuque, IA: Islewest Publishing.

Friedrich, W. N., & Luecke, W. J. (1988). Young school-age sexually aggressive children. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 19 (2), 155-164.

Fromuth, M. E., Burkhart, B. R., & Jones, C. W. (1991). Hidden child molestation: An investigation of adolescent perpetrators in a nonclinical sample. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 6 (3), 376-384.

Fromuth, M. E., & Conn, V. E. (1997). Hidden perpetrators: sexual molestation in a nonclinical sample of college women. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 12 (3), 456-466.

Gerber, J., (1994). The use of art therapy in juvenile sex offender specific treatment. Arts in Psychotherapy, 21 (5), 367-374.

Gerdes, K. E., Gourly, M. M., & Cash, M. C. (1995). Assessing juvenile sex offenders to determine adequate levels of supervision. Child Abuse & Neglect, 19 (8), 953-961.

Gilbert-Evans, C. M., & Redditt, C. A. (1994). Adolescent sexual offenders: Potential for a healthier lifestyle. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 15 (5), 505-518.

Gilby, R., Wolf, L., & Goldberg, B. (1989). Mentally retarded adolescent sex offenders: A survey and pilot study. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 34 (6), 542-548.

Goldsmith, H. R. (1988). The role of the juvenile probation officer regarding the adolescent sex offender and related issues. Journal of Offender Counseling, Services & Rehabilitation, 12 (2), 115-122.

Goocher, B. E. (1994). Some comments on the residential treatment of juvenile sex offenders. Child & Youth Care Forum, 23 (4), 243-250.

Goodrow, K. K., & Mee-Gaik, L. (1998). Attachment theory applied to juvenile sex offending. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation. 27 (1/2), 149-165.

Graves, R. B. (1993). Conceptualizing the Youthful Male Sex Offender: A Meta-Analytic Examination of Offender Characteristics by Offense Type. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Utah State University: Logan.

Graves, R., Openshaw, D. K., & Adams, G. R. (1992). Adolescent sex offenders and social skills training. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 36 (2), 139-153.

Graves. R. B., Openshaw, D. K., Ascione, F. R., & Ericksen, S. L. (1996). Demographic and parental characteristics of youthful sexual offenders. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology. 40 (4), 300-317.

Gray, A. S., & Pithers, W. D. (1993). Relapse prevention with sexually aggressive adolescents and children: Expanding treatment and supervision. In H.E. Barbaree, W. L. Marshall, & S. M. Hudson (Eds.), The juvenile sex offender (pp. 289-319). New York: The Guilford Press.

Gray, A., Pithers, W., Busconi, A., & Houchens, P. (Fall, 1997). Children with sexual behavior problems: An empirically derived taxonomy. The Forum: Newsletter of the Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers (ATSA). 9 (4), 10-11.

Greer, W. C. (1991). Aftercare: Community integration following institutional treatment. In G. D. Ryan, & S. L. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending (pp. 377-390). Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.

Greer, W. C. (1997). Aftercare. In G. Ryan, & S. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending (pp. 417-430). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Gregory, K. D. (1998). Treatment impact on recidivism: A comparison of juvenile sex offenders and juvenile violent offenders. Unpublished master's thesis, University of South Carolina, Columbia.

Grier, P. E., Clark, M., & Stoner, S. B. (1993). Comparative study of personality traits of female sex offenders. Psychological Reports, 73 (3), 1378.

Griffin, S., Williams, M., Hawkes, C., & Vizard, E. (1997). The Professional Carers' Group: Supporting group work for young sexual abusers. Child Abuse & Neglect, 21 (7), 681-690.

Groth, A. N. (1977). The adolescent sexual offender and his prey. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 21, 249-254.

Groth, A. N., Hobson, W. F., Lucey, K. P., & St. Pierre, J. (1981). Juvenile sexual offenders: Guidelines for treatment. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 25, 265-272.

Groth, A. N., & Loredo, C. M. (1981). Juvenile sexual offenders: Guidelines for assessment. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 25, 31-39.

Hagan, M. P., & Cho, M. E. (1996). A comparison of treatment outcomes between adolescent rapists and child sexual offenders. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 40 (2), 113-122.

Hagan, M. P., King, R. P., & Patros, R. L. (1994). Recidivism among adolescent perpetrators of sexual assault against children. Young Victims, Young Offenders, 21 (1-2), 127-137.

Hagan, M. P., King, R. P., & Patros, R. L. (1994). The efficacy of a serious sex offender treatment program for adolescent rapists. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 38 (2), 141-150.

Hagood, M. (1994). Group art therapy with adolescent sex offenders. In M. Liebmann (Ed.), Art Therapy with Offenders (pp. 197-219). Bristol, PA: Kingsley.

Hains, A. A., Herrman, L. P., Baker, K. L., & Graber, S. (1986). The development of a psycho-educational group program for adolescent sex offenders. Journal of Offender Counseling and Comparative Criminology, 11 (1), 63-76.

Harnett, P. H., & Misch, P. (1993). Developmental issues in the assessment and treatment of adolescent perpetrators of sexual abuse. Journal of Adolescence, 16, 397-405.

Harrison, H. (1994). Female abusers - what children and young people have told Childline. In M. Elliott (Ed.), Female sexual abuse of children (pp. 89-92). New York: Guilford Press.

Hastings, T., Anderson, S. J., & Hemphill, P. (1997). Comparisons of daily stress, coping, problem behavior, and cognitive distortions in adolescent sexual offenders and conduct-disordered youth. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 9 (1), 29-42.

Haynes-Seman, C. (1993). [Review of the book Women sex offenders. Treatment and dynamics.] Child Abuse & Neglect, 17 (6), 856.

Heinz, J., & Ryan, G. (1997). The legal system's response to juvenile sexual offenders. In G. Ryan, & S. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending (New and Revised Edition) (pp. 201-210). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Heinz, J., Ryan, G., & Bengis, S. (1991). The system's response to juvenile sex offenders. In G. D. Ryan, & S. L. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending (pp. 185-198). Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.

Henderson, J. E., English, D. J., & MacKenzie, W. R. (1988). Family centered casework practice with sexually aggressive children [Special issue: Treatment of sex offenders in social work and mental health settings]. Journal of Social Work and Human Sexuality, 7, 89-108.

Herkov, M. J., Gynther, M.D., Thomas, S., & Myers, W. C. (1996). MMPI differences among adolescent inpatients, rapists, sodomists, and sexual abusers. Journal of Personality Assessment, 66 (1), 81-90.

Higgs, D. C., Canavan, M. M., & Meyer, W. J. (1992). Clinical notes - Moving from defense to offense: The development of an adolescent female sex offender. Journal of Sex Research, 29 (1), 131-139.

Hiller, S. (Spring, 1998). Note: The problem with juvenile sex offender registration: The detrimental effects of public disclosure. Boston Public Interest Law Journal. 7, 271.

Ho, T. (1997). Mentally retarded sex offenders. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 13 (3), 251-263.

Horne, L., Glasgow, D., Cox, A., & Calam, R. (1991). Sexual abuse of children by children. The Journal of Child Law, 147-152.

Hsu, L. K. G., & Starzynski, J. (1990). Adolescent rapists and adolescent child sexual assaulters. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative. Criminology, 34 (1), 23-30.

Hughes, S. A., DeVille, C., Chalhoub, M., & Romboletti, R. (1992). The Rorschach human anatomy response: Predicting sexual offending behavior in juveniles. Journal of Psychiatry and Law, 20 (3), 313-333.

Hunter, J. A. (1996). [Review of the book The juvenile sex offender]. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 25 (4), 431-434.

Hunter, J. A., & Becker, J. V. (1994). The role of deviant sexual arousal in juvenile sexual offending: Etiology, evaluation, and treatment. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 21 (1), 132-149.

Hunter, J. A., Becker, J. V., & Kaplan, M. S. (1995). The Adolescent Sexual Interest Card Sort: Test-retest reliability and concurrent validity in relation to phallometric assessment. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 24 (5), 555-562.

Hunter, J. A., Becker, J. V., Kaplan, M., & Goodwin, D. W. (1991). Reliability and discriminative utility of the Adolescent Cognitions Scale for juvenile sexual offenders. Annals of Sex Research. 4, 281-286.

Hunter, J. A., & Figueredo, A. J. (1999). Factors associated with treatment compliance in a population of juvenile sexual offenders. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 11 (1), 46-67.

Hunter, J. A., & Goodwin, D. W. (1992). The clinical utility of satiation therapy with juvenile sexual offenders: Variations and efficacy. Annals of Sex Research, 5 (2), 71-80.

Hunter, J. A., Goodwin, D. W., & Becker, J. V. (1994). The relationship between phallometrically measured deviant sexual arousal and clinical characteristics in juvenile sexual offenders. Behavioral Research and Therapy, 32 (5), 533-538.

Hunter, J. A., & Lexier, L. J. (1998). Ethical and legal issues in the assessment and treatment of juvenile sex offenders. Child Maltreatment, 3 (4), 339-348.

Hunter, J. A., Lexier, L. J., Goodwin, D. W., Browne, P. A., & Dennis, C. (1993). Psychosexual, attitudinal, and developmental characteristics of juvenile female sexual perpetrators in a residential treatment setting. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 2 (4), 317-326.

Hunter, J. A., & Santos, D. R. (1991). The use of specialized cognitive- behavioral therapies in the treatment of adolescent sexual offenders. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 34 (3), 239-247.

Jackson, I. F. (1984). A preliminary survey of adolescent sex offenses in New York: Remedies and recommendations. Syracuse, NY: Safer Society Press.

Jacobs, W. L., Kennedy, W. A., & Meyer, J. B., (1997). Juvenile delinquents: a between-group comparison study of sexual and nonsexual offenders. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment. 9 (3), 201-217.

James, A. C., & Neil, P. (1996). Juvenile sexual offending: One-year period prevalence study within Oxfordshire. Child Abuse & Neglect, 20 (6), 477-485.

Jennings, K. T. (1994). Female child molesters: A review of the literature. In M. Elliott (Ed.), Female sexual abuse of children (pp. 219-234). New York: Guilford Press.

Johnson, R. L., & Shrier, D. (1987). Past sexual victimization by females of male patients in an adolescent medicine clinic population. American Journal of Psychiatry, 144 (5), 650-653.

Johnson, T. C., & Feldmeth, J. R. (1993). Sexual behaviors: A continuum. In E. Gil & T. C. Johnson (Eds.), Sexualized children: Assessment and treatment of sexualized children and children who molest (pp. 39-52). Rockville, MD: Launch Press.

Juvenile sex offenders at risk for continued violence as adults. (March, 1993). The Brown University Child and Adolescent Behavior Letter, 9 (3), 4.

Kaemingk, K. L., Koselka, M., Becker, J. V., & Kaplan, M. S. (1995). Age and adolescent sexual offender arousal. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 7 (4), 249-257.

Kahn, T. J., & Chambers, H. J. (1991). Assessing reoffense risk with juvenile sexual offenders. Child Welfare, LXX (3), 333-345.

Kahn, T. J., & Lafond, M. A. (1988). Treatment of the adolescent sexual offender. Child and Adolescent Social Work, 5 (2), 135-148.

Kaplan, M. S., & Becker, J. V. (1992). Adolescent perpetrators of incest: A clinical and legal sourcebook. In R. T. Ammerman, & M. Hersen (Eds.), Assessment of Family Violence (pp. 332-347). New York: Wiley.

Kaplan, M. S., Becker, J. V., & Cunningham-Rathner, J. (1988). Characteristics of parents of adolescent incest perpetrators: Preliminary findings. Journal of Family Violence, 3 (3), 183-191.

Kaplan, M. S., Becker, J. V., & Martinez, D. F. (1990). A comparison of mothers of adolescent incest vs. non-incest perpetrators. Journal of Family Violence, 5 (3), 209-214.

Kaplan, M. S., Becker, J. V., & Tenke, C. (1991). Assessment of sexual knowledge and attitudes in an adolescent sex offender population. Journal of Sex Education & Therapy, 17 (3), 217-225.

Kaplan, M. S., Becker, J. V., & Tenke, C. E. (1991). Influence of abuse history on male adolescent self-reported comfort with interviewer gender. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 6 (1), 3-11.

Kaplan, M. S., Morales, M. & Becker, J. V. (1993). The impact of verbal satiation on adolescent sex offenders: A preliminary report. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 2 (3), 81-88.

Katz, R. C. (1990). Psychosocial adjustment in adolescent child molesters. Child Abuse & Neglect, 14, 567-575.

Kaufman, K. L., Hilliker, D. R., & Daleiden, E. L. (1996). Subgroup differences in the modus operandi of adolescent sexual offenders. Child Maltreatment, 1 (1), 17-24.

Kaufman, K. L., Hilliker, D. R., Lathrop, P., & Daleiden, E. L. (1993). Assessing child sexual offenders' modus operandi: Accuracy in self-reported use of threats and coercion. Annals of Sex Research, 6 (3), 213-229.

Kaufman, K. L., Holmberg, J. K., McCrady, K. A., & Fara, E., et. al. (1998). Factors influencing sexual offenders' modus operandi: An examination of victim-offender relatedness and age. Child Maltreatment, 3 (4), 349-361.

Kaufman, K. L., Wallace, A. M., Johnson, C. F., & Reeder, M. L. (1995). Comparing female and male perpetrators' modus operandi. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 10 (3), 322-333.

Kaul, A. (1993). Sex offenders - cure or management? Medical Science Law, 33 (3), 207-212.

Kavoussi, R. J., Kaplan, M., & Becker, J. V. (1988). Psychiatric diagnoses in adolescent sex offenders. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 27 (2), 241-243.

Kempton, T., & Forehand, R. (1992). Juvenile sex offenders: Similar to, or different from, other incarcerated delinquent offenders? Behavior Research and Therapy, 30 (5), 533-536.

Kennedy, W. A., & Hume, M. P. (1998). Juvenile sex offender program reduces recidivism. The Brown University Child and Adolescent Behavior Letter. 14 (1), 1-4.

Kershner, R. (1996). Adolescent attitudes about rape. Adolescence, 31 (121), 29-33.

Kjol, R., & Weber, J. (1990). The 4th fire: Adventure-based counseling with juvenile sex offenders. Journal of Experiential Education, 13 (3), 18-22.

Knight, R. A., & Prentky, R. (1993). Exploring characteristics for classifying juvenile sex offenders. In H.E. Barbaree, W. L. Marshall, & S. M. Hudson (Eds.), The juvenile sex offender (pp. 45-79). New York: The Guilford Press.

Knopp, F. H. (1982). Remedial intervention in adolescent sex offenses: Nine program descriptions. Orwell, VT: Safer Society Press.

Knopp, F. H. (1985). The youthful sex offender: The rationale and goals of early intervention and treatment. Syracuse, NY: Safer Society Press.

Knopp, F. H., & Freeman-Longo, R. (1997). Program development. In G. Ryan, & S. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending (New and Revised Edition) (pp. 183-200). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Knopp, F. H., Freeman-Longo, R., & Stevenson, W. F. (1993). 1992 nationwide survey of juvenile and adult sex offender treatment programs and models. Brandon, VT: Safer Society Press.

Knopp, F. H., & Lackey, L. B. (1987). Female sexual abusers: A summary of data from 44 treatment providers. Orwell, VT: Safer Society Press.

Knopp, F. H., & Lane, S. L. (1991). Program development. In G. D. Ryan, & S. L. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending (pp. 21-37). Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.

Knopp, F. H., & Stevenson, W. F. (1991). 1990 nationwide survey of juvenile & adult sex-offender treatment programs. Orwell, VT: Safer Society.

Kobayashi, J., Sales, B. D., Becker, J. V., Figueredo, A. J., & Kaplan, M. S. (1995). Perceived parental deviance, parent-child bonding, child abuse, and child sexual aggression. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment. 7 (1), 25-44.

Kosky, R. J. (1989). Should sex offenders be treated? Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 23, 176-180.

Kourany, R. F. C., Martin, J. E., & Armstrong, S. H. (1979). Sexual experimentation by adolescents while babysitting. Adolescence, 14 (54), 283-288.

Kraemer, B. D., Salisbury, S. B., & Spielman, C. R. (1998). Pretreatment variables associated with treatment failure in a residential juvenile sex- offender program. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 25 (2), 190-203.

Kraemer, B. D., Spielman, C. R., & Salisbury, S. B. (1997). Juvenile sex offender psychometric assessment. In B. K. Schwartz & H. R. Cellini (Eds.), The sex offender: New insights, treatment innovations, and legal developments. Volume II (pp. 11-1 - 11-13). Kingston, NJ: Civic Research Institute, Inc.

Krupica, K. A. (1997). A comparison between juvenile sex offenders and juvenile non-sex offenders on levels of dissociation. Unpublished master's thesis, Roosevelt University, Chicago.

Lab, S. P., Shields, G., & Schondel, C. (1993). Research note: An evaluation of juvenile sexual offender treatment. Crime & Delinquency, 39 (4), 543-553.

Laben, J. K., Dodd, D., & Sneed, L. (1991). King's theory of goal attainment applied in group therapy for inpatient juvenile sexual offenders, maximum security state offenders, and community parolees, using visual aids. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 12, 51-64.

Lakey, J. F. (1992). Myth information and bizarre beliefs of male juvenile sex offenders. Journal of Addictions and Offender Counseling, 13 (1), 2-10.

Lakey, J. F. (1994). The profile of treatment of male adolescent sex offenders. Adolescence, 29 (116), 755-762.

Lakey, J. F. (March, 1999). Adolescent male sex offenders challenge therapists' skill. The Brown University Child and Adolescent Behavior Letter. 3 (15), 1.

Lambie, I., Robson, M., & Simmonds, L. (1997). Embedding psychodrama in a wilderness group program for adolescent sex offenders. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 26 (1/2), 89-107.

Lane, S. (1991). Special offender populations. In G. D. Ryan, & S. L. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending (pp. 299-331). Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.

Lane, S. (1991). The sexual abuse cycle. In G. D. Ryan, & S. L. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending (pp. 103-141). Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.

Lane, S. (1997). Assessment of sexually abusive youth. In G. Ryan, & S. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending (New and Revised Edition) (pp. 219-263). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Lane, S. (1997). The sexual abuse cycle. In G. Ryan, & S. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending (New and Revised Edition) (pp. 77-121). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Lane, S., & Lobanov-Rostovsky, C. (1997). Special populations. In G. Ryan, & S. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending (New and Revised Edition) (pp. 322-359). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Langevin, R., & Pope, S. (1993). Working with learning disabled sex offenders. Annals of Sex Research, 6 (2), 149-160.

Lee, D. G., & Olender, M. B. (1992). Working with juvenile sex offenders in foster care. Community Alternatives: International Journal of Family Care, 4 (2), 63-75.

Lewis, D. O., Shankok, S. S., & Pincus, J. H. (1979). Juvenile male sexual assaulters. American Journal of Psychiatry, 136 (9), 1194-1196.

Lieb, R. (1996). Community notification laws: A step toward more effective solutions. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 11 (2), 298-300.

Lightfoot, L. O., & Barbaree, H. E. (1993). The relationship between substance use and abuse and sexual offending behavior in adolescents. In H.E. Barbaree, W.L. Marshall, & S.M. Hudson (Eds.), The juvenile sex offender (pp. 203-224). New York: The Guilford Press.

Lindorfer, K., & Walsh, A. (1996). Self-victimization disclosures of juvenile sex offenders. Journal of Corrective and Social Psychiatry, 42 (1), 8-11.

Loar, L. (1994). Child sexual abuse: Several brief interventions with young perpetrators. Child Abuse & Neglect, 18 (11), 977-986.

Lombardo, R., & DiGiorgio-Miller, J. (1988). Concepts and techniques in working with juvenile sex offenders. Journal of Offender Counseling, Services, & Rehabilitation, 13 (1), 39-53.

Longo, R. E. (1982). Sexual learning and experience among adolescent sexual offenders. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 26, 235-241.

Longo, R. E., & Groth, A. N. (1983). Juvenile sexual offenses in the histories of adult rapists and child molesters. International Journal of Offender Therapy & Comparative Criminology, 27 (2), 150-155.

Longo, R., & McFadin, B. (1981). Sexually inappropriate behavior. Law and Order, 29, 21-23.

Losada Paisey, G. (1998). Use of the MMPI-A to assess personality of juvenile male delinquents who are sex offenders and nonsex offenders. Psychological Reports, 83, 115-122.

Lowe, R. J. (1997). Chalk talk: School notification of students' sexual offense convictions: Does it protect our children or impede quality education? Journal of Law & Education, 26, (p. 169).

Lund, C. A. (1992). Long-term treatment of sexual behavior problems of adolescent and adult developmentally disabled persons. Annals of Sex Research, 5, 5-31.

MacHovec, F., & Wieckowski, E. (1992). The 10FC Ten-Factor Continua of classification and treatment criteria for male and female sex offenders. Medical Psychotherapy, 5, 53-63.

Malmquist, C. P. (Sept., 1985). Sexual offenses among adolescents. Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality, 19, 134-139.

Mamabolo, L. M. (1996). Group treatment program for sexually and physically assaultive young offenders in a secure custody facility. Canadian Psychology, 37 (3), 154-160.

Margolin, L. (1983). A treatment model for the adolescent sex offender. Journal of Offender Counseling, Services, & Rehabilitation, 8 (1/2), 1-12.

Margolin, L. (1984). Group therapy as a means of learning about the sexually assaultive adolescent. International Journal of Offender Therapy & Comparative Criminology, 28 (1), 65-72.

Marsh L. F., Connell, P., & Olson, E. (1988). Breaking the cycle: Adolescent sexual treatment manual. Beaverton, OR: St. Mary's Home for Boys.

Marshall, W. L. (1996). Assessment, treatment, and theorizing about sex offenders: Developments during past twenty years and future directions. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 23 (1), 162-199.

Marshall, W. L., & Eccles, A. (1993). Pavolvian conditioning processes in adolescent sex offenders. In H.E. Barbaree, W. L. Marshall, & S. M. Hudson (Eds.), The juvenile sex offender (pp. 118-142). New York: The Guilford Press.

Martin, E. F., & Pruett, M. K. (1998). The juvenile sex offender and the juvenile justice system. American Criminal Law Review, 35 (2), 279-332.

Martin, S. (1997). Sex offender treatment: An uphill journey. Journal of Child and Youth Care, 11 (1), 27-42.

Mathews, F. (1997). The adolescent sex offender field in Canada: Old problems, current issues, and emerging controversies. Journal of Child and Youth Care, 11 (1), 55-62.

Mathews, R., Hunter, J. A., & Vuz, J. (1997). Juvenile female sexual offenders: Clinical characteristics and treatment issues. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment. 9 (3), 187-199.

Mathews, R., Matthews, J. K., & Speltz, K. (1989). Female sexual offenders: An exploratory study. Orwell, VT: Safer Society Press.

Matthews, J. K. (1994). Working with female sexual abusers. In M. Elliott (Ed.), Female sexual abuse of children (pp. 57-73). New York: Guilford Press.

Matthews, J. K., Mathews, R., & Speltz, K. (1991). Female sexual offenders: A typology. In M. Q. Patton (Ed.), Family Sexual Abuse (pp. 199-219).

Mazur, T., & Michael, P. M. (1992). Outpatient treatment for adolescents with sexually inappropriate behavior. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 18 (3/4), 191-203.

McCarty, L. M. (1986). Mother-child incest: Characteristics of the offender. Child Welfare, LXV (5), 447-458.

McConaghy, N. (1990). Assessment and treatment of sex offenders: The Prince of Wales Programme. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 24 (2), 175-181.

McConaghy, N., Blaszczynski, A., Armstrong, M. S., & Kidson, W. (1989). Resistance to treatment of adolescent sex offenders. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 18 (2), 97-107.

McCraw, R. K., & Pegg-McNab J. (1989). Rorschach comparisons of male juvenile sex offenders and nonsex offenders. Journal of Personality Assessment, 53 (3), 546-553.

Metzner, J. L. (1987). The adolescent sex offender: An overview. Colorado Lawyer, 16 (10), 1844-1849.

Metzner, J. L., & Ryan, G. D. (1995). Sexual abuse perpetration. In G. P. Sholevar (Ed.), Conduct disorders in children and adolescents (pp. 119-144). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.

Miccio-Fonseca, L. C. (1996). Comparative differences in the psychological histories of sex offenders, victims, and their families. Sex Offender Treatment, 23 (3/4), 71-83.

Millard, D., & Hagan M. (1996). Ethan Allen School rehabilitates juvenile sex offenders. Corrections Today, 58 (5), 92-95.

Milloy, C. (1994). A comparative study of juvenile sex offenders and non-sex offenders. Olympia, WA: Washington State Institute for Public Policy.

Milloy, C. D. (1998). Specialized treatment for juvenile sex offenders. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 13 (5), 653-657.

Miner, M. H., & Crimmins, C.L. S. (1997). Adolescent sex offenders - Issues of etiology and risk factors. In B. K. Schwartz & H. R. Cellini (Eds.), The sex offender: New insights, treatment innovations, and legal developments Volume II (pp. 9-1 - 9-15). Kingston, NJ: Civic Research Institute, Inc.

Mintzer, M. B. (1996). Understanding countertransference reactions in working with adolescent perpetrators of sexual abuse. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 60 (2), 219-228.

Mio, J. S., Nanjundappa, G., Verleur, D. E., & De Rios, M. D. (1986). Drug abuse and the adolescent sex offender: A preliminary analysis. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 18 (1), 65-72.

Monto, M., Zgourides, G., & Harris, R. (1998). Empathy, self-esteem, and the adolescent sexual offender. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment. 10 (2).

Monto, M., Zgourides, G., Wilson, J., & Harris, R. (1994). Empathy and adolescent male sex-offenders. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 79, 1598.

Moody, E. E., Brissie, J., & Kim, J. (1994). Personality and background characteristics of adolescent sexual offenders. Journal of Addictions and Offender Counseling, 14, 38-48.

Morenz, B., & Becker, J. (1995). The treatment of youthful sexual offenders. Applied & Preventive Psychology, 4 (4), 247-257.

Mrazek, D. A. (1983). Long-term follow-up of an adolescent perpetrator of sexual abuse. Child Abuse & Neglect, 7 (2), 239-240.

Muster, N. J. (1992). Treating the adolescent victim-turned-offender. Adolescence, 27 (106), 441-450.

Nagayama Hall, G. C. (1995). Sexual offender recidivism revisited: A meta- analysis of recent treatment studies. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 63 (5), 802-809.

Nanjundappa, G., deRios, M., Mio, J. S., & Verleur, D. E. (1987). Profiles of juvenile male incest perpetrators: Preliminary treatment implications. Journal of Offender Counseling, 8, 25-31.

National Adolescent Perpetrator Network, (1988). Preliminary report from the National Task Force on Juvenile Sexual Offending, 1988. Juvenile and Family Court Journal, 39 (2), 1-67.

National Adolescent Perpetrator Network, (1993). Revised report from the National Task Force on Juvenile Sexual Offending, 1993. Juvenile and Family Court Journal, 44 (4), 1 - 120.

Newbauer, J. F., & Hess, S. W. (1994). Treating sex offenders and survivors conjointly: Gender issues with adolescent boys. Journal for Specialists in Group Work, 19 (2), 129-135.

O'Brien, M. (1982). Adolescent sexual offenders: A community faces reality [Special issue: Sexually exploited children]. Change, A juvenile justice quarterly, (5), 16-18.

O' Brien, M. J. (1989). Characteristics of male adolescent sibling incest offenders. Safer Society: Orwell, VT.

O'Brien, M., & Bera, W. W. (1986). Adolescent sexual offenders: A descriptive typology. Preventing sexual abuse: A newsletter of the National Family Life Education Network, 1 (3), 1-4.

O'Connor, A. A. (1987). Female sex offenders. British Journal of Psychiatry, 150, 615-620.

Okami, P. (1992). Adversaria: "Child perpetrators of sexual abuse": The emergence of a problematic deviant category. Journal of Sex Research. 29 (1) 109-130.

Oliver, L. L., Nagayamahall Hall, G. C., & Neuhaus, S. M. (1993). A comparison of the personality and background characteristics of adolescent sex offenders and other adolescent offenders. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 20 (4), 359-370.

O'Neal, W. (1997). Effects of race on court case processing of juvenile sex offenders. Unpublished master's thesis, University of South Florida, Tampa.

Openshaw, D. K. (1993). [Review of the book Assessment and treatment of adolescent sex offenders]. Family Relations 42 (4), 472-473.

Openshaw, D. K., Graves, R. B., Ericksen, S. I., Lowry, M., Durso, D. D., Agee, L., Todd, S., & Jones, K. E. (1993). Youthful sexual offenders: A comprehensive bibliography of scholarly references, 1970-1992. Family Relations, 42, 222-226.

Orr, B. Y. (1991). Male Adolescent sex offenders: A comparison of two treatment approaches. Journal of Child and Youth Care, 87-101.

Ostrov, E., Offer, D., Howard, K. I., Kaufman, B., & Meyer, H. (1985). Adolescent sexual behavior. Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality. 19, 28-36.

Peluso, E., & Putnam, N. (1996). Case study: Sexual abuse of boys by females. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 35 (1), 51-54.

Perry, G. P., & Orchard, J. (1992). Assessment and treatment of adolescent sex offenders. Sarasota, FL: Professional Resource Press.

Pierce, L. H., & Pierce, R. L. (1987). Incestuous victimization by juvenile sex offenders. Journal of Family Violence, 2 (4), 351-364.

Pithers, W. D., Becker, J. V., Kafka, M., Morenz, B., Schlank, A., & Leombruno, T. (1995). Children with sexual behavior problems, adolescent sexual abusers, and adult sex offenders: Assessment and treatment. Review of Psychiatry, 14, 779-818.

Pithers, W. D., & Gray, A. (1998). The science of sex offenders: Risk assessment, treatment, and prevention: The other half of the story: Children with sexual behavior problems. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 4, 200.

Pornography and sex crimes. (1989). The Edell Health Letter, 8 (3), 6.

Porter, S. (1990). Adolescent sex offenders: A study of the relationship between self-concept and sexual behavior in adolescent males. American Journal of Forensic Psychology, 8 (3), 61-73.

Prentky, R. A. (1996). Community notification and constructive risk reduction. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 11 (2), 294-298.

Prentky, R. A., Knight, R. A., Sims-Knight, J. E., Straus, H., Rokous, F., & Cerce, D. (1989). Developmental antecedents of sexual aggression. Development & Psychopathology 1, 153-169.

Quinn, K. M. (1992). Juvenile sex offenders. In M. G. Kalogerakis (Ed.), Handbook of psychiatric practice in the juvenile court (pp.105-109). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.

Rantakallio, P., Myhrman, A., & Koiranen, M. (1995). Juvenile offenders, with special reference to sex differences. Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology, 30, 113-120.

Rasmussen, L. A. (1995). Factors related to recidivism among juvenile sex offenders. Ann Arbor, MI: UMI Dissertation Services.

Rasmussen, L. A. (1999). Factors related to recidivism among juvenile sexual offenders. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 11 (1), 69-85.

Ray, J. A., & English, D. L. (1995). Comparison of female and male children with sexual behavior problems. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 24 (4), 439-451.

Reiter, M. J., & Grinde D. (1995). The Minnesota Correctional Facility Sauk Centre Juvenile Sex Offender Program (Investigative Report 95-1). MN: Ombudsman for Corrections

Residential program effective for young sex offenders. (July, 1992). The Brown University Child and Adolescent Behavior Letter, 8 (7), 4.

Richardson, G., Graham, F., & Bhate, S. R. (1995). A British sample of sexually abusive adolescents: Abuser and abuse characteristics. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, 5, 187-208.

Richardson, G., Kelly, T. P., Bhate, S. R., & Graham, F. (1997). Group differences in abuser and abuse characteristics in a British sample of sexually abusive adolescents. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment. 9 (3), 239 - 257.

Righthand, S., & The Committee on Child Sex Abuse Research Task Force, (1989). Young sex offenders in Maine. Portland, ME: Human Services Development Institute.

Risk, S. R. (1993). Assessment of Social Functioning Among Juvenile Sexual Offenders, Juvenile Delinquents, and Non-Delinquent Adolescents. Unpublished master's thesis, Roosevelt University, Chicago.

Roberts, R. E., Abrams, L., & Finch, J. R. (Jan., 1973). "Delinquent" sexual behavior among adolescents. Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality, 7 (1), 162-183.

Rodier, D. N. (June 29, 1998). State court rulings: Evidence of child victim's own sex offenses admitted. Pennsylvania Law Weekly, 8.

Ross, J. & Loss, P. (1991). Assessment of the juvenile sex offender. In G. D. Ryan, & S. L. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending (pp. 199-251). Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.

Ross, J. E., & de Villier, M. P. (1993). Safety considerations in developing an adolescent sex offender program in residential treatment. Sexual Abuse and Residential Treatment, 11 (1), 37-47.

Rothchild, S. N. (1996). Beyond incarceration: Juvenile sex offender treatment programs offer youths a second chance. Journal of Law and Policy, 4 (2), 719-758.

Rotheram-Borus, M. J., Becker, J. V., Koopman, C., & Kaplan, M. (1991). AIDS knowledge and beliefs, and sexual behavior of sexually delinquent and non-delinquent (runaway) adolescents. Journal of Adolescence, 14, 229-244.

Rowan, E. L., Rowan, J. B., & Langelier, P. (1990). Women who molest children. Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry the Law, 18 (1), 79-83.

Rowe, B. (1988). Practical treatment of adolescent sexual offenders. Journal of Child Care, 3 (6), 51-58.

Rubinstein, M., Yeager, C. A., Goodstein, C., & Lewis, D. O. (1993). Sexually assaultive male juveniles: A follow-up. American Journal of Psychiatry, 150, (2), 262-265.

Ryan, G. (1986). Annotated bibliography: Adolescent perpetrators of sexual molestation of children. Child Abuse & Neglect, 10, 125-131.

Ryan, G. (1989). Victim to victimizer. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 4 (3), 325-341.

Ryan, G. (1991). Consequences for the juvenile sex offender. In G. D. Ryan, & S. L. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending (pp. 175-181). Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.

Ryan, G. (1991). Incidence and prevalence of sexual offenses committed by juveniles. In G. D. Ryan, & S. L. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending (pp. 9-15). Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.

Ryan, G. (1991). Juvenile sex offenders: Defining the population. In G. D. Ryan, & S. L. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending (pp. 3-7). Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.

Ryan, G. (1991). The historical response to juvenile sexual offenses. In G. D. Ryan, & S. L. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending (pp. 17-19). Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.

Ryan, G. (1991). The juvenile sex offender's family. In G. D. Ryan, & S. L. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending (pp. 143-160). Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.

Ryan, G. (1991). Theories of etiology. In G. D. Ryan, & S. L. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending (pp. 41-55). Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.

Ryan, G. (1997). Consequences for the youth who has been abusive. In G. Ryan, & S. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending (New and Revised Edition) (pp. 168-175). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Ryan, G. (1997). Creating an "abuse-specific" milieu. In G. Ryan, & S. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending (New and Revised Edition) (pp. 404-416). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Ryan, G. (1997). Incidence and prevalence of sexual offenses committed by juveniles. In G. Ryan, & S. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending (New and Revised Edition) (pp. 10-16). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Ryan, G. (1997). Integrating theory and method. In G. Ryan, & S. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending (New and Revised Edition) (pp. 267-321). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Ryan, G. (1997). Sexually abusive youth. In G. Ryan, & S. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending (New and Revised Edition) (pp. 3-9). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Ryan, G. (1997). The evolving response to juvenile sexual offenses. In G. Ryan, & S. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending (New and Revised Edition) (pp. 179-181). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Ryan, G. (1997). The families of sexually abusive youth. In G. Ryan, & S. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending (pp. 136-154). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Ryan, G. (1997). Theories of etiology. In G. Ryan, & S. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending (New and Revised Edition) (pp. 19-35). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Ryan, G. (1998). The relevance of early life experience to the behaviour of sexually abusive youth. Irish Journal of Psychology, 19 (1), 32-48.

Ryan, G. (1998). What is so special about specialized treatment? Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 13 (5), 647-653.

Ryan, G. D., & Lane, S. L. (Eds.). (1991). Juvenile sexual offending. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.

Ryan, G., & Lane, S. (1991). Integrating theory and method. In G. D. Ryan, & S. L. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending (pp. 255-297). Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.

Ryan, G., & Lane, S. (1991). The impact of sexual abuse on the interventionist. In G. D. Ryan, & S. L. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending (pp. 411-437). Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.

Ryan, G., & Lane, S. (1997). The impact of sexual abuse on the interventionist. In G. Ryan, & S. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending (pp. 457-474). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Ryan, G., & Lane, S. (Eds.). (1997). Juvenile sexual offending. (New and Revised Edition). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Ryan, G., Lane, S., Davis, J., & Isaac, C. (1986). Juvenile sex offenders: Development and correction. Child Abuse & Neglect, 11, 385-395.

Ryan, G. D., Metzner, J., & Krugman, R. D. (1990). When the abuser is a child. In R. Kim Oates (Ed.), Understanding and managing child sexual abuse (pp. 258-273). Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders.

Ryan, G., Miyoshi, T. J., Metzner, J. L., Krugman, R. D., & Fryer, G. E. (1996). Trends in a national sample of sexually abusive youths. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 35 (1), 17-25.

Sanders, G. L. (1997). Recovering from paraphilia: An adolescent's journey from despair to hope. Journal of Child and Youth Care, 11 (1), 43-54.

Sanders, R. M., & Ladwa-Thomas, U. (1997). Interagency perspectives on child sexual abuse perpetrated by juveniles. Child Maltreatment, 2 (3), 264-271.

Sapp, A. D., & Vaughn, M. S. (1990). Juvenile sex offender treatment at state-operated correctional institutions. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 34, 131-146.

Saradjian, J., & Hanks, H. (1996). Women who sexually abuse children. John Wiley & Sons: New York.

Saunders E. B., & Awad G. A. (1988). Assessment, management, and treatment planning for male adolescent sexual offenders. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. 58 (4), 571-579.

Saunders, E. B., & Awad, G. A. (1991). Male adolescent sexual offenders: Exhibitionism and obscene phone calls. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 21 (3), 169-178.

Saunders, E., Awad, G. A., & White, G. (1986). Male adolescent sexual offenders: The offender and the offense. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 31 (6), 542-549.

Scavo, R. R. (1989). Female adolescent sex offenders: A neglected treatment group. Social Casework: The Journal of Contemporary Social Work, 70 (2), 114-117.

Scavo, R., & Buchanan, B. D. (1989). Group therapy for male adolescent sex offenders: A model for residential treatment. Residential Treatment for Children & Youth, 7 (2), 59-74.

Schram, D. D., Milloy, C. D., & Rowe, W. E. (1991). Juvenile sex offenders: A follow-up study of reoffense behavior. Olympia, WA: Washington State Institute for Public Policy.

Schwartz, B. R., & Cellini, H. R. (1995). Female sex offenders. In B. K. Schwartz & H. R. Cellini (Eds.), The sex offender: Corrections, treatment and legal practice (pp. 5-1 - 5-22). Kingston, NJ: Civic Research Institute, Inc.

Seasock, J. P. (1995). Identification of adolescent sexual offenders: A REBT model. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 13 (4), 261-271.

Sefarbi, R. (1990). Admitters and deniers among adolescent sex offenders and their families: A preliminary study. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 60 (3), 460-465.

Sermabeikian, P., & Martinez, D. (1994). Treatment of adolescent sexual offenders: Theory-based practice. Child Abuse & Neglect, 18 (11), 969-976.

Sgroi, S. M., & Sargent, N. M. (1994). Impact and treatment issues for victims of childhood sexual abuse by female perpetrators. In M. Elliott (Ed.), Female sexual abuse of children (pp. 14-35). New York: Guilford Press.

Shaw, J. A., Campo-Bowen, A. E., Applegate, B., Perez, D., Antoine, L. B., Hart, E. L., Lahey, B. B. & Testa, R. J. (1993). Young boys who commit serious sexual offenses: Demographics, psychometrics, and phenomenology. Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry and Law, 21 (4), 399-408.

Shaw, T. A., Herkov, M. J., & Greer, R. A. (1995). Examination of treatment completion and predicted outcome among incarcerated sex offenders. Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry and Law, 23 (1), 35-41.

Shields, G., Schondel, C., & Lab, S. (1993). Treating the juvenile sex offender: Specialized court intervention vs. utilization of community resources. Journal of Law and Social Work, 4 (2), 8-16.

Siddall, R. (June 12, 1997). Stop, press: Youth crime. Community care. 1176, 22-23.

Simourd, D. J., Hoge, R. D., Andrews, D. A., & Leschied, A. W. (1994). An empirically-based typology of male young offenders. Canadian Journal of Criminology, 36 (4), 447-461.

Sinifred, M. (1993). [Review of the book Women sex offenders: Treatment and dynamics]. Corrections Today, 55 (3), 112.

Sipe, R., Jensen, E. L., & Everett, R. S. (1998). Adolescent sexual offenders grown up: Recidivism in young adulthood. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 25 (1), 109-125.

Smets, A. C., & Cebula, C. M. (1987). A group treatment program for adolescent sex offenders: Five steps toward resolution. Child Abuse & Neglect, 11 (2), 247-254.

Smith, C. J., Hayler, B., Padalino, N., & Craig, K. S. (1998). An interim report on the evaluation of the Illinois Department of Corrections' Juvenile Division special supervision units program: sex offender treatment unit. Chicago, IL: Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority.

Smith, H., & Israel, E. (1987). Sibling incest: A study of the dynamics of 25 cases. Child Abuse & Neglect, 11, 101-108.

Smith, S. M., & Bischof, G. H. (1996). Communication patterns in families of adolescent sex offenders. In D. D. Cahn, & S. A. Lloyd (Eds.), Family violence from a communication perspective (pp. 108-126). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Smith, W. R., & Monastersky, C. (1986). Assessing juvenile sexual offenders' risk for reoffending. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 13 (2), 115-140.

Smith, W. R., Monastersky, C., & Deisher, R. M. (1987). MMPI-based personality types among juvenile sexual offenders. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 43 (4), 422-430.

Spaccarelli, S., Bowden, B., Coatsworth, J. D., & Kim, S. (1997). Psychosocial correlates of male sexual aggression in a chronic delinquent sample. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 24 (1), 71-95.

State of Minnesota Office of the Legislative Auditor (Program Evaluation Division), (1994). Sex offender treatment programs. St. Paul, MN: Author.

Steen, C., & Monnette, B. (1989). Treating adolescent sex offenders in the community. Springfield, IL: Thomas Books.

Steinberg, J. S. (1997). Assessing the reoffense for juvenile sex offenders in Lane County, Oregon. Unpublished master's thesis, University of Oregon.

Stenson, P., & Anderson, C. (1987). Treating juvenile sex offenders and preventing the cycle of abuse. Journal of Child Care, 3 (2), 91-102.

Stermac, L. & Sheridan, P. (1993). The developmentally disabled adolescent sex offender. In H.E. Barbaree, W. L. Marshall, & S. M. Hudson (Eds.), The juvenile sex offender (pp. 235-242). New York: The Guilford Press.

Stevenson, H. C., Castillo, E., & Sefarbi, R. (1989). Treatment of denial in adolescent sex offenders and their families. Journal of Offender Counseling, Services & Rehabilitation, 14 (1), 37-50.

Stevenson, H. C., & Wimberley, R. (1990). Assessment of treatment impact of sexually aggressive youth. Journal of Offender Counseling, Services & Rehabilitation, 15 (2), 55-61.

Stickrod Gray, A., & Wallace, R. (1992). Adolescent sexual offender assessment packet. Brandon, VT: The Safer Society Press.

Stops, M., & Mays, G. L. (1991). Treating adolescent sex offenders in a multi-cultural community setting. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 17 (1/2), 87-103.

Swenson, C. C., Henggeler, S. W., Schoenwald, S. K., Kaufman, K. L., & Randall, J. (1998). Changing the social ecologies of adolescent sexual offenders: Implications of the success of multisystemic therapy in treating serious antisocial behavior in adolescents. Child Maltreatment, 3 (4), 330-338.

Tain, P. (July, 1998). Some youth sex offenders. Solicitors Journal, 142 (29), 695.

Tarter, R. E., Hegedus, A. M., Alterman, A. J., & Katz-Garris, L. (1983). Cognitive capacities of juvenile violent, nonviolent, and sexual offenders. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 171 (9), 564-567.

Taylor, T. W. (1994). A nationwide survey of treatment programs for juvenile sex offenders. Unpublished master's thesis, University of South Carolina, Columbia.

Thomas, J. (1991). The adolescent sex offender's family in treatment. In G. D. Ryan, & S. L. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending (pp. 333-376). Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.

Thomas, J. (1997). The family in treatment. In G. Ryan, & S. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending (New and Revised Edition) (pp. 360-403). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Tingle, D., Barnard, G. W., Robbins, L., Newman, G., & Hutchinson, D. (1986). Childhood and adolescent characteristics of pedophiles and rapists. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 9, 103-116.

Travin, S., Cullen, K., & Protter, B. (1990). Female sex offenders: Severe victims and victimizers. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 35 (1), 140-150.

Truscott, D. (1993). Adolescent offenders: Comparison for sexual, violent, and property offences. Psychological Reports, 73, 657-658.

Valliant, P. M., & Bergeron, T. (1997). Personality and criminal profile of adolescent sexual offenders, general offenders in comparison to nonoffenders. Psychological Reports, 81, 483-489.

Van Ness, S. R. (1984). Rape as instrumental violence: A study of youth offenders. Journal of Offender Counseling, Services, and Rehabilitation, 9, 161-170.

Vaughn, M. S. (1992). Academic and vocational education for incarcerated adult and juvenile sex offenders: A national study. Journal of Addictions and Offender Counseling, 12, 47-61.

Vinogradov, S., Dishotsky, N. I., Doty, A. K., & Tinklenberg, J. R. (1988). Patterns of behavior in adolescent rape. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 58 (2), 179-187.

Vizard, E., Monck, E., & Misch P. (1995). Child and adolescent sex abuse perpetrators: A review of the research literature. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 36 (5), 731-756.

Vizard, E., Wynick, S., Hawkes, C., Woods, J., & Jenkins, J. (1996). Juvenile sexual offenders: Assessment issues. British Journal of Psychiatry, 168 (3), 259-262.

Weiks, J. C., & Lehker, D. (1988). Specialized treatment of adolescent sex offenders in a juvenile court setting. Juvenile and Family Court Journal. 39 (1), 29-35.

Weinrott, M. R. (1996). Juvenile Sexual Aggression: A Critical Review. Boulder, CO: Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence, University of Colorado.

Weinrott, M. R., Riggan, M., & Frothingham, S. (1997). Reducing deviant arousal in juvenile sex offenders using vicarious sensitization. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 12 (5), 704-728.

Whiskin, F. E. (1972). Therapy with adolescent sex offenders. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 16 (2), 116-120.

White, J. W., & Koss, M. P. (1993). Adolescent sexual aggression within heterosexual relationships: prevalence, characteristics, and causes. In H.E. Barbaree, W. L. Marshall, & S. M. Hudson (Eds.), The juvenile sex offender (pp. 182-202). New York: The Guilford Press.

Whitford, R., & Parr, V. (1995). Uses of rational emotive behavior therapy with juvenile sex offenders. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 13 (4), 273-282.

Wilson, P., & Shine, J. (1990). Characteristics and potential treatment needs of sexual offenders. In M. McMurran (Ed.), Applying psychology to imprisonment: Young offenders. Issues in Criminological and Legal Psychology, No. 15. Leicester, England: The British Psychological Society.

Witt, P. H., DelRusso, J., & Ferguson, G. (1996). Sex offender risk assessment and the law. The Journal of Psychiatry & Law, 24 (3), 343-377.

Witt, P. H., & Frank, M. (1994). Managing therapist anxiety in the outpatient treatment of sex offenders. Psychotherapy and the Dangerous Patient, 9 (1/2), 77-87.

Wodarski, J. S., & Whitaker, D. L. (1989). Issues in treating sex offenders in the community. Journal of Social Work and Human Sexuality, 7, 145-155.

Wolfers, O. (1994). The paradox of women who sexually abuse children. In M. Elliott (Ed.), Female sexual abuse of children (pp. 93-99). New York: Guilford Press.

Worling, J. R. (1995). Adolescent sibling-incest offenders: Differences in family and individual functioning when compared to adolescent nonsibling sex offenders. Child Abuse & Neglect, 19 (5), 633-643.

Worling, J. R. (1995). Adolescent sex offenders against females: Differences based on the age of their victims. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 39 (3), 276-292.

Worling, J. R. (1995). Sexual abuse histories of adolescent male sex offenders: Differences on the basis of the age and gender of their victims. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 104 (4), 610-613.

Wright, T. M. (1998). Adolescent sex offender treatment: Programs in the era of managed care. Unpublished doctoral project, University of St. Thomas, St. Paul, MN.

Young, V. (1994). Women abusers - a feminist view. In M. Elliott (Ed.), Female sexual abuse of children (pp. 100-114). New York: Guilford Press.

Zavez, M. (1998). Child abuse registries and juveniles: An overview and suggestions for change in legislative and agency direction. Seton Hall Legislative Journal, 22 (2), 405-435.

Zgourides, G., Monto, M., & Harris, R. (1994). Prevalence of prior adult sexual contact in a sample of adolescent male sex offenders. Psychological Reports, 75, 1042.

Zgourides, G., Monto, M., & Harris, R. (1997). Correlates of adolescent male sexual offense: Prior adult sexual contact, sexual attitudes, and use of sexually explicit materials. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 41 (3), 272-283.

Zussman, R. (1989). Forensic evaluation of the adolescent sex offender. Forensic Reports, 2, 25-45.