The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention’s (OJJDP’s) Model Programs Guide (MPG) contains information about evidence-based juvenile justice and youth prevention, intervention, and reentry programs. It is a resource for practitioners and communities about what works, what is promising, and what does not work in juvenile justice, delinquency prevention, and child protection and safety.
MPG uses expert study reviewers and CrimeSolutions.gov’s program review process, scoring instrument, and evidence standards. The two sites also share a common database of juvenile-related programs. When a user selects a program on MPG, the user will see the CrimeSolutions.gov profile open in a new window.
MPG is an easy-to-use program database established to assist practitioners, policymakers, and communities in identifying and implementing programs that can make a difference in the lives of children and families. It addresses a range of issues including child victimization, substance abuse, youth violence, mental health and trauma, and gang activity.
In addition to providing program profiles, MPG contains useful literature reviews, implementation information, and links to additional resources that practitioners, policymakers, and communities can use to improve the effectiveness of interventions, enhance accountability, ensure public safety, and reduce recidivism. The tools provided on MPG are specifically designed for juvenile justice-oriented practitioners and policymakers.
MPG is a widely recognized resource for valuable information on the effectiveness of many juvenile programs; however, the programs contained in MPG may not be appropriate for or meet the needs of all individuals and communities or for all circumstances. When selecting what will work best for you or your community, you should remain aware that the information in MPG is just one resource to consider among many. Read more: How To Use the Model Programs Guide.
- The Model Programs Guide Program Review Process and Evidence Ratings
- Model Programs Guide Reviewers
- Nominate a Program to Model Programs Guide
- History of the Model Programs Guide
- Model Program Guide Evidence Rating Inquiries and Appeals
- How To Use the Model Programs Guide
- Contact the Model Programs Guide
The Model Programs Guide is not an exhaustive list of all juvenile justice -related programs, and a program’s inclusion on this site does not constitute an endorsement by the U.S. Department of Justice. Read more.
Model Programs Guide Program Review Process and Evidence Ratings
Model Programs Guide (MPG) uses expert study reviewers and CrimeSolutions.gov's program review process, scoring instrument, and evidence ratings. The two sites also share a common program database.
For details on the on the MPG expert study reviewers: Model Programs Guide Reviewers
For details of the full CrimeSolutions.gov program review process and evidence standards, visit www.CrimeSolutions.gov/about_starttofinish.aspx.
For the CrimeSoultions.gov Program Evidence Scoring Instrument, visit www.CrimeSolutions.gov/about_instrument.aspx.
Based on the Study Reviewers’ assessment of the evidence, programs included on MPG and CrimeSolutions.gov are rated as either Effective, Promising, or No Effects.
|One Study||More than One Study|
|Effective||Programs have strong evidence indicating they achieve their intended outcomes when implemented with fidelity.|
|Promising||Programs have some evidence indicating they achieve their intended outcomes. Additional research is recommended.|
|No Effects||Programs have strong evidence indicating that they did not achieve their intended outcomes when implemented with fidelity.|
* A single study icon is used to identify programs that have been evaluated with only one study. A multiple studies icon is used to represent a greater extent of evidence supporting the evidence rating. The icon depicts programs that have more than one study in the evidence base demonstrating effects in a consistent direction.
Read more about: www.CrimeSolutions.gov/about_starttofinish.aspx.
Nominate a Program to Model Programs Guide
Model Programs Guide welcomes program nominations. For a program’s evaluation evidence to be reviewed for inclusion in MPG, it must target juveniles and meet the CrimeSolutions.gov program scope and evaluation studies screening criteria.
A nominated program must target an at-risk or offender population and aim to—
- Prevent or reduce crime, delinquency, or related problem behaviors such as aggression, gang involvement, and/or school attachment.
- Prevent, intervene, or respond to victimization.
- Improve justice systems or processes
- Target an offender population or an at-risk population (that is, individuals who have the potential to become involved in the justice system).
There must also be existing evaluation research studies that meet the following criteria:
- The program must be evaluated with at least one randomized field experiment or a quasi-experimental research design (with a comparison condition).
- The outcomes assessed must relate to crime, delinquency, or victimization prevention, intervention, or response.
- The evaluation(s) must be published in a peer-reviewed publication or documented in a comprehensive evaluation report.
- The date of publication must be 1980 or after.
When submitting a program for consideration, include as much information about the program and the research evaluations, including citations, as possible. Review CrimeSolutions.gov’s “Program Review and Rating From Start to Finish” page to help guide the submission: www.CrimeSolutions.gov/about_starttofinish.aspx.
However, programs may be nominated without specific citations. In such cases, the inclusion of referrals to individuals who may have more information or be in possession of such studies is helpful. Qualitative studies are also welcome as they may provide valuable context for a program.
Model Programs Guide Reviewers
All MPG study reviewers have extensive expertise in juvenile justice issues as well as research methodology and have completed the CrimeSolutions.gov reviewer training process. Study reviewers are responsible for reviewing and rating the individual studies that comprise a program’s evidence base.
Following is a list of MPG lead researchers and reviewers.
- Donna Bishop, Northeastern University
- Jeffrey Bouffard, Sam Houston State University
- Mark Edberg, Development Services Group, Inc.
- William Feyerherm, Portland State University
- Randy Gainey, Old Dominion University
- Steve Gies, Development Services Group, Inc., Lead Researcher
- Denise Gottfredson, University of Maryland
- Thomas Harig, independent consultant
- Eoin Healy, Development Services Group, Inc.
- Janice Hill, South Illinois University
- Alexander Holsinger, University of Missouri
- Charles Katz, Arizona State University
- Deborah Koetzle, John Jay College of Criminal Justice
- Aaron Kupchik, University of Delaware
- Edward Latessa, University of Cincinnati
- Shelley Listwan, University of North Carolina
- Alex Piquero, University of Texas at Dallas
- Judith Pokorni, Development Services Group, Inc.
- Travis Pratt, Arizona State University
- Danielle Rudes, George Mason University
- Rachel Stephenson, Development Services Group, Inc.
- Martha Yeide, Development Services Group, Inc.
For more information about the CrimeSolutions.gov reviewer qualifications and training, visit www.CrimeSolutions.gov/about_researchers.aspx
History of the Model Programs Guide
In 2000, OJJDP published a print version of the Model Programs Guide (MPG) as one of the first comprehensive resources to identify evidence-based programs in delinquency prevention. OJJDP developed MPG to support the Title V Prevention Grants program. OJJDP later transitioned MPG to an online database with programs across the continuum of youth prevention, intervention, and reentry services. MPG continues to be a widely recognized and used resource on evidence-based programs for practitioners and communities. In June 2011, the Office of Justice Programs launched CrimeSolutions.gov, which builds on and expands this previous work using a more rigorous review process and enhanced online interface to present evidence for programs within juvenile justice, adult criminal justice, and crime victim services.
At that time, OJJDP began re-reviewing all programs in MPG using the CrimeSolutions.gov evidence standards and criteria and in 2013, relaunched MPG with juvenile justice and youth prevention, intervention, and treatment programs that have been reviewed using CrimeSolutions.gov’s evidence standards and criteria. The two sites now share a common database of juvenile-related programs. The new MPG provides users with an updated, user-friendly website that features information about evidence-based programs and a variety of implementation tools and resources tailored to the needs of the juvenile justice field.
Model Program Guide Evidence Rating Inquiries and Appeals
Model Programs Guide and CrimeSolutions.gov are committed to principles of quality, fairness, and transparency in its program reviews. As part of that commitment, any party, such as the program developer or researcher, may submit an inquiry regarding an evidence rating or the inclusion of a program in the Programs With Insufficient Evidence section of CrimeSolutions.gov.
The inquiry should be grounded in (1) a fair reading of the evidence (see the program’s Evidence Base in the program profile) and (2) an understanding of the rating procedures and criteria established for CrimeSolutions.gov ( see Program Review and Rating From Start to Finish). Inquiries should be submitted using the Contact Us form found on CrimeSolutions.gov.
A written response will be made to each formal inquiry. The goal of the response is to provide additional explanation for the evidence rating that was assigned. The response may include paraphrased or excerpted comments from the reviewers’ scoring instruments to explain why certain sections of the instrument (e.g., Design Quality or Outcome Evidence) received the scores given. Under no circumstances will the identity of the reviewers be provided. If applicable, additional information, such as information regarding the resolution of disparate scores among reviewers, may also be included in the response.
For more information on the CrimeSolutions.gov inquiries and appeals process, visit www.CrimeSolutions.gov/about_evidencerating.aspx.
How To Use the Model Programs GuideThe Model Programs Guide is intended to be a central, reliable, and credible resource to help practitioners and policymakers understand what works in juvenile justice-related programs and practices. Its purpose is to assist in practical decision making and program implementation by gathering information on specific juvenile justice-related programs and reviewing the existing evaluation research against standard criteria.
It is important to note the Model Programs Guide website does not constitute an endorsement of particular programs, nor does it conduct original research. The programs reported upon favorably are being recognized for their accomplishments in support of the mission of the Office of Justice Programs (OJP). Furthermore, it is not intended to replace or supersede informed judgment and/or innovation. Model Programs Guide recognizes that rigorous evaluation evidence is one of several factors to consider in justice programming, policy, and funding decisions. The Office of Justice Programs also recognizes the importance of encouraging and supporting innovative approaches that may not yet have extensive evidence of effectiveness.
Important Notes About How To Use the Information Provided on Model Programs Guide
- Model Programs Guide rates the quality of evaluation research supporting a program’s outcomes. Consequently, its ratings do not necessarily reflect a program’s effectiveness in every possible scenario or situation. Users should be careful to review the program record to understand each program’s target population, demographics, setting, and the research results for each program outcome.
- Review of programs and their posting on the Model Programs Guide does not constitute an endorsement, promotion, or approval of these programs by Model Programs Guide, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, the Office of Justice Programs, or the U.S. Department of Justice.
- It is inappropriate to use Model Programs Guide as an exhaustive list of juvenile justice-related programs, since Model Programs Guide has not reviewed all programs in existence.
- Policymakers and funders are discouraged from limiting their selection of potential contractors and/or grantees to only those programs that appear on Model Programs Guide.
- Users are permitted to download publicly available articles and research via the National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS) or order copies for a nominal fee. However, users are asked to contact individual study authors for permission to duplicate original studies, as these studies are not the property of Model Programs Guide.
- The Model Programs Guide is funded by the U.S. Department of Justice's Office of Justice Programs and Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention and its evidence reviews are managed by Development Services Group, Inc. The views expressed on this website do not necessarily reflect the views of the U.S. Department of Justice.
Contact Model Programs Guide
For more information related to the Model Programs Guide, contact:
Rachel Stephenson, M.A.
Project Director, OJJDP’s Model Programs Guide (MPG)
Development Services Group, Inc.
7315 Wisconsin Avenue, Suite 800E
Bethesda, MD 20814