All OJJDP publications may be viewed on and downloaded from the publications section of the OJJDP Web site. Print publications may be ordered online at the National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS) Web site.
Juveniles in Residential Placement, 2010 (Bulletin)
Survey of Youth in Residential Placement Series
This bulletin presents key findings from the OJJDP-sponsored Survey of Youth in Residential Placement on youth’s victimization in placement, including their experiences of theft, robbery, physical assault, and sexual assault. The bulletin describes a variety of youth characteristics and facility conditions that correlate with victimization rates and identifies a core set of risk factors that predict the probability of a youth experiencing violence in custody. Study results indicate that 46 percent of youth had their property stolen in their absence, 10 percent were directly robbed, 29 percent were threatened or beaten, 9 percent were beaten or injured, and 4 percent were forced to engage in sexual activity.
PTSD, Trauma, and Comorbid Psychiatric Disorders in Detained Youth (Bulletin)
Beyond Detention Series
This bulletin examines the results of the Northwestern Juvenile Projecta longitudinal study of youth detained at the Cook County Juvenile Temporary Detention Center in Chicago, IL, cosponsored by OJJDP. The authors discuss their findings on the prevalence of trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among juvenile detainees and PTSD’s tendency to co-occur with other psychiatric disorders. Of the study sample, 92.5 percent of youth had experienced at least one trauma, 84 percent had experienced more than one trauma, and 56.8 percent were exposed to trauma six or more times. Among participants with PTSD, 93 percent had at least one comorbid psychiatric disorder. Among males, having any psychiatric diagnosis significantly increased the odds of having comorbid PTSD.
Children’s Exposure to Violence and the Intersection Between Delinquency and Victimization (Bulletin)
National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series
This bulletin presents data from the National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV). Sponsored by OJJDP, NatSCEV is the most comprehensive nationwide survey, to date, of the incidence and prevalence of children’s exposure to violence. This bulletin examines the rates of delinquency and victimization among children and youth ages 1017. Among other findings, boys ages 1314 and girls ages 1112 were found to have an elevated risk of becoming delinquent-victims (i.e., experiencing high levels of both delinquency and victimization), suggesting that interventions with at-risk youth should be timed with their entry into middle school or high school.
Disproportionate Minority Contact: A National Overview (Report)
Disproportionate Minority Contact Series
This report provides an overview of OJJDP’s national efforts to combat disproportionate minority contact (DMC) through pilot projects, funding of empirical research and best practices, publications, and training and technical assistance to states and localities. It looks at a technique for measuring DMC at each of nine decision points within the juvenile justice system, from arrest to final disposition, using the Relative Rate Index. The report also provides an overview of DMC measurement and reduction efforts in five states, which can serve as national models, and concludes with a series of recommendations for overcoming the barriers to reducing DMC.
Juvenile Residential Facility Census, 2010: Selected Findings (Bulletin)
Juvenile Offenders and Victims: National Report Series
The biennial Juvenile Residential Facility Census (JRFC) collects information about facilities in which juvenile offenders are held. Respondents provide information about facility characteristics, including facility type, capacity, and type of security. The OJJDP-sponsored JRFC also reports the number of youth who were injured or died in custody during the past 12 months. This bulletin provides findings from the 2010 survey. The juvenile offender population dropped 18 percent from 2008 to 2010. Issues of crowding and overcapacity at these facilities, however, continue to be of concern. In 2010, about 18 percent of facilities were at their standard bed capacity, and 2 percent were over capacity. The 2010 JRFC data also describe the range of services that facilities provide to youth in their care.