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Juveniles in Corrections
Custody Data (1995 & before)
Q: How many juveniles were held in detention, correctional, or shelter facilities on a given day in the U.S. in 1995?
A: Over 108,700 juveniles were in detention, correctional, or shelter facilities on February 15, 1995.

One day count of juveniles in public and private custody facilities, 1995

  Count Percent
Total population 108,746
Law violation 91,505
  Delinquency 84,020
    Person 30,969
      Violent Index 18,011
  Status offense 7,485
Nonoffenders 17,241

[ CSV file ]

  • Juveniles held for law violations either as accused or adjudicated offenders made up 84% of the overall custody population on February 15, 1995, the reference day for the 1995 Children in Custody census of public and private detention, correctional, and shelter facilities.
  • Youth charged with delinquency offenses were 77% of the custody population; those charged with person offenses were 28% of the population.
  • Nonoffenders, youth referred for abuse, neglect, emotional disturbance, or mental retardation, as well as voluntarily admitted youth, were 16% of the custody population.
  • Of the 108,746 juveniles in custody, 69,075 (64%) were held in public facilities. Public facilities held the majority of offenders (74%). The majority of nonoffenders were in private facilities (94%).

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08101.asp?qaDate=19990930. Released on September 30, 1999.

Adapted from Sickmund, M., Snyder, H., and Poe-Yamagata, E. Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 1997 Update on Violence. [HTML File] or [Adobe Acrobat File].

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Children in Custody Census of Public and Private Juvenile Detention, Correctional, and Shelter Facilities 1994/95 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: Bureau of the Census , 1996.


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