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Juveniles in Corrections
Custody Data (1997-Present)
Q: How many juveniles are held in residential placement on a given day in the U.S.?
A: Nationally, fewer than 62,000 juvenile offenders were held in residential placement facilities on October 26, 2011.

One day count of juveniles in residential placement facilities, 1997-2011

1997 1999 2001 2003 2006 2007 2010 2011

COUNT
All facilities
All residents 116,701 120,563 117,814 109,094 104,819 98,128 79,166 68,815
  Juvenile offenders 105,055 107,493 104,219 96,531 92,721 86,814 70,793 61,423
  Other residents* 11,646 13,070 13,595 12,563 12,098 11,314 8,373 7,392
Juvenile offenders in
  Public facilities 75,600 76,222 73,328 66,210 64,163 60,624 49,112 42,584
    State facilities 46,516 47,347 43,669 37,335 34,658 31,539 24,881 20,783
    Local facilities 29,084 28,875 29,659 28,875 29,505 29,085 24,231 21,693
  Private facilities 29,455 31,271 30,891 30,321 28,558 26,190 21,681 18,839
PERCENT
All facilities
All residents 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
  Juvenile offenders 90 89 88 88 88 88 89 89
  Other residents* 10 11 12 12 12 12 11 11
Juvenile offenders in
  Public facilities 65 63 62 61 61 62 62 62
    State facilities 40 39 37 34 33 32 31 30
    Local facilities 25 24 25 26 28 30 31 32
  Private facilities 25 26 26 28 27 27 27 27

* Other residents include youth age 21 or older and those held in the facility but not charged with or adjudicated for an offense.

Notes: The census reference dates were 10/29/1997, 10/27/1999, 10/24/2001, 10/22/2003, 02/22/2006, 10/24/2007, 02/24/2010, 10/26/2011.


[ Excel file ]

  • The Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP) provides a one-day count of all juvenile offenders in public or private residential facilities in the United States. CJRP is generally administered on the last Wednesday of October in odd numbered years. However, a set of unforseen circumstances prevented the 2005 mailout from taking place in October of that year. The census date for that wave of data collection was in February 2006. In 2009, OJJDP did not receive OMB clearance for the October census date, therefore the census date for that wave of data collection was in February 2010.
  • The vast majority of residents in juvenile residential placement facilities on October 26, 2011 were juvenile offenders (89%).
  • The 1-day count of juvenile offenders in residential placement fell 43% between 1999 and 2011.
  • Juvenile offenders held for delinquency offenses accounted for 86% of all residents and 96% of all juvenile offenders in 2011.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08201.asp?qaDate=2011. Released on September 24, 2013.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2010, and 2011 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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