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Juveniles in Corrections
Demographics
Q: How do residential placement rates vary by race?
A: For every 100,000 non-Hispanic black juveniles living in the U.S., 464 were in a residential placement facility on October 23, 2013 - for Hispanics the rate was 173, and for non-Hispanic whites it was 100.

State residential placement rates by race/ethnicity, 2013

State of offense Total White Minority Black Hispanic American
Indian1
Asian1

U.S. total 173 100 266 464 173 334 28
Alabama 184 110 304 355 80 *89 *41
Alaska 241 150 361 413 228 414 *82
Arizona 122 94 144 293 123 209 *27
Arkansas 215 109 434 586 215 *104 *51
California 197 91 242 748 227 189 29

Colorado 197 135 290 923 195 281 61
Connecticut 74 17 172 306 122 *0 *17
Delaware 176 65 314 504 *26 *0 *0
District of Columbia 560 *144 636 671 498 *0 *0
Florida 152 100 199 365 81 700 33

Georgia 159 67 247 321 80 *121 *8
Hawaii 60 *12 71 *77 *49 *0 32
Idaho 236 217 308 628 278 576 *0
Illinois 134 65 218 388 116 628 *10
Indiana 219 164 396 545 146 *149 *62

Iowa 227 160 557 973 273 1,299 *78
Kansas 278 176 534 1,079 329 411 *97
Kentucky 170 122 416 495 152 *0 *41
Louisiana 180 65 314 362 60 *84 *40
Maine 130 108 397 825 *107 *529 *0

Maryland 127 43 208 280 84 *0 *8
Massachusetts 60 25 143 206 157 *0 *7
Michigan 183 94 404 559 114 195 *20
Minnesota 165 89 409 705 134 1,171 62
Mississippi 74 23 129 142 *0 *0 *0

Missouri 191 128 402 519 140 *96 *0
Montana 151 116 316 *681 234 312 *0
Nebraska 204 116 463 837 232 954 *62
Nevada 201 148 238 597 170 396 50
New Hampshire 68 29 392 1,052 285 *0 *0

New Jersey 95 17 187 439 87 *0 *0
New Mexico 179 132 197 422 206 88 *0
New York 116 58 180 344 97 *93 14
North Carolina 70 29 125 166 60 *82 *13
North Dakota 253 160 715 727 *329 837 *0

Ohio 186 109 447 550 149 *100 *12
Oklahoma 125 75 202 468 95 119 *0
Oregon 281 229 399 913 338 934 118
Pennsylvania 222 99 556 803 318 *0 35
Rhode Island 158 67 342 721 230 *0 *0

South Carolina 159 88 259 218 392 830 *86
South Dakota 376 211 935 713 294 1,264 *199
Tennessee 99 48 220 274 61 *347 *23
Texas 161 100 193 434 145 *33 14
Utah 160 84 427 2,162 294 417 *72

Vermont 46 38 *135 *195 *0 *1,010 *0
Virginia 188 93 329 506 114 *0 *16
Washington 144 105 216 427 163 422 47
West Virginia 294 255 759 712 *92 *1,017 *0
Wisconsin 156 59 461 946 115 434 *17
Wyoming 279 225 505 *276 425 1,113 *0

1American Indian includes Alaskan Natives; Asian includes Pacific Islanders.
* Rate based on fewer than 10 observations.

Notes: The information in this table is based on the state where the offense was committed. However, the state of offense is not always reported. Youth for whom state of offense was unknown are included in U.S. totals (2,648 in 2013). These instances are not evenly distributed across states. As such, users should exercise caution when examining state-level trends or comparing states. Visit the EZACJRP methods section for more information.

U.S. total includes a small number of offenders (5) who committed their offense in a U.S. Territory, but excludes youth in tribal facilities.

The residential placement rate is the number of juvenile offenders in residential placement on October 23, 2013 per 100,000 juveniles age 10 through the upper age of original juvenile court jurisdiction in each state.

Minorities include blacks, Hispanics, American Indians/Alaskan Natives, Asians/Pacific Islanders, and those identified as other race.

To preserve the privacy of the juvenile residents, state cell counts have been rounded to the nearest multiple of three. Detail may not add to total because of rounding. Rates are based on rounded totals. More information on this rounding rule is available on the EZACJRP Web site.

[ Map of minority to nonminority ratio ]  [ CSV file ]

  • In all but 13 states and the District of Columbia, the residential placement rate for black juvenile offenders exceeded the rate for other race/ethnicity groups.
  • Nationally, the ratio of the placement rate for minorities to that for whites was 2.7 to 1.
  • In 34 states, the ratio between the minority-to-white placement rate was above the national average. In 20 states and the District of Columbia, the minority-to-white placement rate was more than 4 to 1.
  • In Arizona, Idaho, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, and Texas the ratio was less than 2 to 1.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08203.asp?qaDate=2013. Released on October 02, 2015.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2013 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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