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Juveniles in Corrections
Custody Data (1997-Present)
Q: How do residential placement rates vary by race?
A: For every 100,000 non-Hispanic black juveniles living in the U.S., 606 were in a residential placement facility on February 24, 2010 - for Hispanics the rate was 228, and for non-Hispanic whites it was 128.

State residential placement rates by race/ethnicity, 2010

State of offense Total White Minority Black Hispanic American
Indian1
Asian1

U.S. total 225 128 354 606 228 369 47
Alabama 212 131 345 394 104 *0 *0
Alaska 342 229 503 645 *0 649 180
Arizona 152 114 182 334 165 247 *30
Arkansas 229 142 416 532 230 *103 *61
California 272 116 341 990 317 210 58

Colorado 286 204 420 1,199 296 592 69
Connecticut 93 27 219 361 148 *286 *0
Delaware 270 89 516 704 176 *0 *0
District of Columbia 431 *171 468 507 279 *0 *0
Florida 261 203 316 650 76 *51 47

Georgia 220 76 364 461 123 *0 *18
Hawaii 90 48 103 *83 152 *0 35
Idaho 257 240 328 *252 303 767 *109
Illinois 178 107 269 479 116 702 *17
Indiana 276 207 512 717 168 *139 *50

Iowa 227 165 574 858 306 1,517 *94
Kansas 264 172 512 1,038 307 *228 *36
Kentucky 186 135 471 576 178 *0 *0
Louisiana 239 96 411 472 *34 *0 *0
Maine 143 131 289 444 *228 *241 *0

Maryland 143 47 241 322 79 *0 *9
Massachusetts 115 54 273 404 266 *0 39
Michigan 208 105 474 629 146 252 *23
Minnesota 159 85 427 669 156 1,199 96
Mississippi 106 38 175 189 *33 *0 *0

Missouri 214 140 465 587 167 *89 *29
Montana 192 132 507 *567 *194 640 *0
Nebraska 378 218 895 1,707 429 1,195 *219
Nevada 244 156 311 726 225 556 81
New Hampshire 97 85 225 *386 239 *0 *103

New Jersey 123 27 243 540 112 *0 *4
New Mexico 250 160 286 647 288 193 *100
New York 180 77 300 540 169 *91 14
North Carolina 112 60 186 249 63 106 *15
North Dakota 258 178 752 *436 *0 1,024 *0

Ohio 228 128 575 715 108 *90 *27
Oklahoma 157 90 265 575 138 163 *37
Oregon 320 275 432 1,213 358 567 79
Pennsylvania 317 112 910 1,322 394 *119 87
Rhode Island 236 124 484 964 269 *0 358

South Carolina 235 128 387 451 72 *160 *0
South Dakota 575 317 1,536 2,027 1,061 1,599 *276
Tennessee 117 64 246 294 72 *159 *54
Texas 203 123 249 529 191 *95 16
Utah 190 153 321 656 303 518 131

Vermont 53 31 368 *0 932 *0 *0
Virginia 223 112 398 584 124 *0 *12
Washington 183 138 278 624 202 466 61
West Virginia 317 254 1,106 1,171 510 *0 *235
Wisconsin 209 110 545 1,064 104 380 160
Wyoming 440 403 644 *1,069 594 653 *0

1American Indian includes Alaskan Natives; Asian includes Pacific Islanders.
* Rate based on fewer than 10 observations.

Notes: The residential placement rate is the number of juvenile offenders in residential placement on February 24, 2010 per 100,000 juveniles age 10 through the upper age of original juvenile court jurisdiction in each State. U.S. total excludes youth in tribal facilities but includes 2,567 juvenile offenders for whom State of offense was not reported (most of these youth are in private facilities). U.S. total includes a small number of offenders (1) who committed their offense in a U.S. Territory. Minorities include blacks, Hispanics, American Indians/Alaskan Natives, Asians/Pacific Islanders, and those identified as other race.

To preserve the privacy of the juvenile residents, state cell counts have been rounded to the nearest multiple of three. Detail may not add to total because of rounding. Rates are based on rounded totals. More information on this rounding rule is available on the EZACJRP Web site.

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Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08203.asp?qaDate=2010. Released on September 24, 2013.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2010 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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