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Juveniles in Corrections
Demographics
Q: How do residential placement rates vary by race?
A: For every 100,000 non-Hispanic black juveniles living in the U.S., 606 were in a residential placement facility on February 24, 2010 - for Hispanics the rate was 228, and for non-Hispanic whites it was 128.

State residential placement rates by race/ethnicity, 2010

State of offense Total White Minority Black Hispanic American
Indian1
Asian1

U.S. total 225 128 354 606 228 369 47
Alabama 212 131 345 394 104 *0 *0
Alaska 342 229 503 645 *0 650 180
Arizona 152 114 182 334 165 247 *30
Arkansas 229 142 416 532 230 *103 *61
California 272 116 341 990 317 210 58

Colorado 286 204 420 1,199 296 592 69
Connecticut 93 27 218 361 148 *287 *0
Delaware 270 89 516 704 176 *0 *0
District of Columbia 430 *170 468 507 278 *0 *0
Florida 261 203 315 650 76 *51 47

Georgia 220 76 364 461 123 *0 *18
Hawaii 90 48 103 *83 152 *0 35
Idaho 257 240 328 *252 303 768 *109
Illinois 178 107 269 479 116 697 *17
Indiana 276 207 512 717 168 *139 *50

Iowa 227 165 574 857 306 1,520 *94
Kansas 264 172 512 1,038 307 *228 *36
Kentucky 186 135 471 576 178 *0 *0
Louisiana 239 96 411 472 *34 *0 *0
Maine 143 131 289 443 *228 *241 *0

Maryland 143 47 241 322 78 *0 *9
Massachusetts 115 54 273 404 266 *0 39
Michigan 208 105 474 629 146 253 *23
Minnesota 159 85 427 669 156 1,199 96
Mississippi 106 38 175 189 *33 *0 *0

Missouri 214 140 465 587 167 *89 *29
Montana 192 132 507 *565 *194 640 *0
Nebraska 378 218 895 1,706 429 1,196 *219
Nevada 244 156 311 725 225 557 81
New Hampshire 97 85 226 *386 239 *0 *103

New Jersey 123 27 243 540 112 *0 *4
New Mexico 250 160 286 647 288 193 *100
New York 180 77 300 540 169 *91 14
North Carolina 112 60 186 249 63 106 *15
North Dakota 258 178 753 *435 *0 1,025 *0

Ohio 228 128 575 715 108 *90 *27
Oklahoma 157 90 265 575 138 163 *37
Oregon 320 275 432 1,213 358 567 79
Pennsylvania 317 112 910 1,321 394 *118 87
Rhode Island 236 124 483 963 269 *0 356

South Carolina 235 128 387 451 72 *160 *0
South Dakota 575 317 1,537 2,027 1,062 1,601 *275
Tennessee 117 64 246 294 72 *159 *54
Texas 203 123 249 529 191 *95 16
Utah 190 153 321 656 303 519 131

Vermont 53 31 368 *0 931 *0 *0
Virginia 223 112 398 584 124 *0 *12
Washington 183 138 278 624 202 466 60
West Virginia 316 254 1,106 1,170 510 *0 *235
Wisconsin 209 110 545 1,064 104 380 160
Wyoming 440 403 645 *1,075 594 653 *0

1American Indian includes Alaskan Natives; Asian includes Pacific Islanders.
* Rate based on fewer than 10 observations.

Notes: The information in this table is based on the state where the offense was committed. However, the state of offense is not always reported. Youth for whom state of offense was unknown are included in U.S. totals (2,567 in 2010). These instances are not evenly distributed across states. As such, users should exercise caution when examining state-level trends or comparing states. Visit the EZACJRP methods section for more information.

U.S. total includes a small number of offenders (1) who committed their offense in a U.S. Territory, but excludes youth in tribal facilities.

The residential placement rate is the number of juvenile offenders in residential placement on February 24, 2010 per 100,000 juveniles age 10 through the upper age of original juvenile court jurisdiction in each state.

Minorities include blacks, Hispanics, American Indians/Alaskan Natives, Asians/Pacific Islanders, and those identified as other race.

To preserve the privacy of the juvenile residents, state cell counts have been rounded to the nearest multiple of three. Detail may not add to total because of rounding. Rates are based on rounded totals. More information on this rounding rule is available on the EZACJRP Web site.

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Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08203.asp?qaDate=2010. Released on September 24, 2013.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2010 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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