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Juveniles in Corrections
Custody Data (1997-Present)
Q: How do residential placement rates vary by race?
A: For every 100,000 non-Hispanic black juveniles living in the U.S., 521 were in a residential placement facility on October 26, 2011 - for Hispanics the rate was 202, and for non-Hispanic whites it was 112.
State residential placement rates by race/ethnicity, 2011

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  • In all but 10 states, the residential placement rate for black juvenile offenders exceeded the rate for other race/ethnicity groups.
  • Nationally, the ratio of the placement rate for minorities to that for whites was 2.7 to 1.
  • In 31 states, the ratio between the minority-to-white placement rate was above the national average. In 17 states, the minority-to-white placement rate was more than 4 to 1.
  • In Arizona, Florida, Hawaii, Idaho, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Vermont, and Wyoming the ratio was less than 2 to 1.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08203.asp?qaDate=2011. Released on September 24, 2013.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2011 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.


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