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Juveniles in Corrections
Custody Data (1997-Present)
Q: Does the minority proportion of juvenile offenders in residential placement vary by State and placement status?
A: In nearly all states, a disproportionate number of minorities were in residential placement in 2010.

Minority proportion of juvenile offenders in residential placement, 2010

  Minority proportion
 
      Committed      
State of offense Juvenile
population
Total CJRP Detained Public Private

U.S. total 43% 68% 71% 68% 62%
Alabama 38% 62% 62% 68% 56%
Alaska 41% 61% 62% 62% *56%
Arizona 55% 66% 62% 71% *52%
Arkansas 32% 57% 62% 60% 55%
California 69% 87% 86% 88% 83%

Colorado 38% 56% 57% 55% 57%
Connecticut 34% 81% 81% *86% *79%
Delaware 42% 81% *85% 74% *77%
District of Columbia 87% 95% *94% *94% *91%
Florida 51% 62% 63% 61% 62%

Georgia 50% 83% 79% 85% 78%
Hawaii 81% 93% *100% *92% --
Idaho 20% 26% 27% 26% *18%
Illinois 44% 67% 82% 61% 55%
Indiana 22% 41% 48% 41% 36%

Iowa 15% 38% 39% 40% 37%
Kansas 27% 52% 54% 54% 44%
Kentucky 15% 39% 43% 39% *19%
Louisiana 45% 78% 79% 77% 78%
Maine 7% 15% -- 13% --

Maryland 50% 83% 88% 74% 84%
Massachusetts 28% 66% 68% 69% 63%
Michigan 28% 64% 69% 49% 68%
Minnesota 22% 58% 69% 55% 55%
Mississippi 49% 82% 81% 81% --

Missouri 23% 49% 61% 46% *70%
Montana 16% 42% *47% *42% *38%
Nebraska 24% 56% 63% 57% 53%
Nevada 57% 72% 71% 76% *46%
New Hampshire 9% 21% -- *29% *27%

New Jersey 45% 88% 88% 89% *67%
New Mexico 71% 82% 84% 83% *81%
New York 46% 77% 84% 92% 63%
North Carolina 41% 69% 73% 80% *57%
North Dakota 15% 43% -- *43% *41%

Ohio 22% 56% 56% 57% 54%
Oklahoma 38% 64% 60% 70% *55%
Oregon 29% 39% 33% 41% 34%
Pennsylvania 26% 74% 67% 74% 74%
Rhode Island 31% 64% -- *70% 66%

South Carolina 42% 69% 64% 71% 71%
South Dakota 21% 57% 58% 57% 55%
Tennessee 29% 61% 56% 67% 43%
Texas 63% 78% 79% 78% 71%
Utah 22% 37% 36% 44% 26%

Vermont 7% *45% -- -- --
Virginia 39% 70% 64% 72% --
Washington 33% 50% 49% 51% *29%
West Virginia 7% 26% 19% *24% 36%
Wisconsin 23% 59% 71% 64% 48%
Wyoming 18% 26% -- 28% 23%

-- Too few juveniles (fewer than 20) to calculate a reliable percentage.
* Percent based on a small denominator (fewer than 100 but at least 20 in the denominator).

Notes: U.S. total excludes youth in tribal facilities but includes 2,567 juvenile offenders for whom State of offense was not reported (most of these youth are in private facilities). U.S. total includes a small number of offenders (1) who committed their offense in a U.S. Territory.

The juvenile population is the number of juveniles age 10 through the upper age of original juvenile court jurisdiction in each State.

Minorities include blacks, Hispanics, American Indians/Alaskan Natives, Asians/Pacific Islanders, and those identified as other race.

To preserve the privacy of the juvenile residents, state cell counts have been rounded to the nearest multiple of three. Detail may not add to total because of rounding. Percentages are based on rounded totals. More information on this rounding rule is available on the EZACJRP Web site.

 [ CSV file ]


Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08208.asp?qaDate=2010. Released on September 24, 2013.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2010 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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