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Juveniles in Corrections
Demographics
Q: Does the minority proportion of juvenile offenders in residential placement vary by State and placement status?
A: In nearly all states, a disproportionate number of minorities were in residential placement in 2011.

Minority proportion of juvenile offenders in residential placement, 2011

  Minority proportion
 
      Committed      
State of offense Juvenile
population
Total CJRP Detained Public Private

U.S. total 43% 68% 71% 69% 62%
Alabama 38% 62% 69% 66% 55%
Alaska 42% 65% *58% *69% *83%
Arizona 55% 67% 61% 70% *62%
Arkansas 32% 57% 70% 47% 55%
California 70% 86% 86% 87% 83%

Colorado 39% 59% 62% 56% 58%
Connecticut 35% 79% 74% 83% *57%
Delaware 43% 78% *81% *77% *71%
District of Columbia 86% 98% 98% *100% *91%
Florida 52% 62% 57% 65% 63%

Georgia 50% 81% 82% 83% 58%
Hawaii 81% *70% *100% *57% --
Idaho 20% 26% 18% 31% --
Illinois 44% 70% 77% 69% 52%
Indiana 23% 39% 39% 42% 35%

Iowa 16% 39% 44% 48% 35%
Kansas 27% 45% 55% 40% 39%
Kentucky 16% 41% 48% 40% *35%
Louisiana 45% 76% 72% 79% 74%
Maine 7% 18% *25% 20% --

Maryland 50% 84% 88% 80% 83%
Massachusetts 28% 70% 72% *80% 66%
Michigan 28% 62% 63% 49% 67%
Minnesota 22% 63% 57% 68% 64%
Mississippi 49% 83% 78% 87% --

Missouri 23% 43% 51% 40% *75%
Montana 16% 39% *31% *41% *56%
Nebraska 24% 56% 54% 54% 59%
Nevada 58% 71% 75% 72% *57%
New Hampshire 9% *20% -- *25% *15%

New Jersey 45% 83% 90% 79% *78%
New Mexico 72% 83% 74% 87% *87%
New York 47% 78% 86% 92% 66%
North Carolina 42% 77% 77% 80% *69%
North Dakota 15% 46% -- *50% *44%

Ohio 22% 56% 57% 54% 61%
Oklahoma 38% 63% 63% 66% *58%
Oregon 29% 42% 38% 48% 26%
Pennsylvania 26% 69% 62% 73% 71%
Rhode Island 32% 65% 69% -- *58%

South Carolina 41% 69% 64% 74% 74%
South Dakota 22% 52% *48% 55% 52%
Tennessee 29% 64% 63% 66% 53%
Texas 64% 81% 84% 82% 72%
Utah 22% 45% 43% 48% 42%

Vermont 7% *8% -- -- --
Virginia 39% 71% 69% 73% --
Washington 34% 52% 52% 52% *44%
West Virginia 7% 23% 26% 23% 19%
Wisconsin 23% 69% 74% 77% 53%
Wyoming 18% 28% -- *33% 21%

-- Too few juveniles (fewer than 20) to calculate a reliable percentage.
* Percent based on a small denominator (fewer than 100 but at least 20 in the denominator).

Notes: The information in this table is based on the state where the offense was committed. However, the state of offense is not always reported. Youth for whom state of offense was unknown are included in U.S. totals (2,324 in 2011). These instances are not evenly distributed across states. As such, users should exercise caution when examining state-level trends or comparing states. Visit the EZACJRP methods section for more information.

U.S. total includes a small number of offenders (5) who committed their offense in a U.S. Territory but excludes youth in tribal facilities

The juvenile population is the number of juveniles age 10 through the upper age of original juvenile court jurisdiction in each state.

Minorities include blacks, Hispanics, American Indians/Alaskan Natives, Asians/Pacific Islanders, and those identified as other race.

To preserve the privacy of the juvenile residents, state cell counts have been rounded to the nearest multiple of three. Detail may not add to total because of rounding. Percentages are based on rounded totals. More information on this rounding rule is available on the EZACJRP Web site.

 [ CSV file ]


Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08208.asp?qaDate=2011. Released on September 24, 2013.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2011 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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