U.S. Department of Justice, Office Of Justice Programs, Innovation - Partnerships - Safer Neighborhoods
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Working for Youth Justice and Safety
OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book logo jump over products navigation bar
OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book logoAbout SSBFrequently Asked QuestionsPublicationsData Analysis ToolsNational Data SetsOther ResourcesAsk a Question

Juvenile Population Characteristics
Juveniles as Victims
Juveniles as Offenders
Juvenile Justice System Structure & Process
Law Enforcement & Juvenile Crime
Juveniles in Court
Juveniles on Probation
Juveniles in Corrections
Overview
Related FAQs
Related Publications
Related Links
Data Analysis Tools
Juvenile Reentry & Aftercare
Statistical Briefing Book Home

OJJDP logo

Printer-priendlyPrinter-friendly
Juveniles in Corrections
Custody Data (1997-Present)
Q: Does the minority proportion of juvenile offenders in residential placement vary by State and placement status?
A: In nearly all states, a disproportionate number of minorities were in residential placement in 2011.

Minority proportion of juvenile offenders in residential placement, 2011

  Minority proportion
 
      Committed      
State of offense Juvenile
population
Total CJRP Detained Public Private

U.S. total 43% 68% 71% 69% 62%
Alabama 38% 62% 69% 66% 55%
Alaska 42% 65% *58% *69% *83%
Arizona 55% 67% 61% 70% *62%
Arkansas 32% 57% 70% 47% 55%
California 70% 86% 86% 87% 83%

Colorado 39% 59% 62% 56% 58%
Connecticut 35% 79% 74% 83% *57%
Delaware 43% 78% *81% *77% *71%
District of Columbia 86% 98% 98% *100% *91%
Florida 52% 62% 57% 65% 63%

Georgia 50% 81% 82% 83% 58%
Hawaii 81% *70% *100% *57% --
Idaho 20% 26% 18% 31% --
Illinois 44% 70% 77% 69% 52%
Indiana 23% 39% 39% 42% 35%

Iowa 16% 39% 44% 48% 35%
Kansas 27% 45% 55% 40% 39%
Kentucky 16% 41% 48% 40% *35%
Louisiana 45% 76% 72% 79% 74%
Maine 7% 18% *25% 20% --

Maryland 50% 84% 88% 80% 83%
Massachusetts 28% 70% 72% *80% 66%
Michigan 28% 62% 63% 49% 67%
Minnesota 22% 63% 57% 68% 64%
Mississippi 49% 83% 78% 87% --

Missouri 23% 43% 51% 40% *75%
Montana 16% 39% *31% *41% *56%
Nebraska 24% 56% 54% 54% 59%
Nevada 58% 71% 75% 72% *57%
New Hampshire 9% *20% -- *25% *15%

New Jersey 45% 83% 90% 79% *78%
New Mexico 72% 83% 74% 87% *87%
New York 47% 78% 86% 92% 66%
North Carolina 42% 77% 77% 80% *69%
North Dakota 15% 46% -- *50% *44%

Ohio 22% 56% 57% 54% 61%
Oklahoma 38% 63% 63% 66% *58%
Oregon 29% 42% 38% 48% 26%
Pennsylvania 26% 69% 62% 73% 71%
Rhode Island 32% 65% 69% -- *58%

South Carolina 41% 69% 64% 74% 74%
South Dakota 22% 52% *48% 55% 52%
Tennessee 29% 64% 63% 66% 53%
Texas 64% 81% 84% 82% 72%
Utah 22% 45% 43% 48% 42%

Vermont 7% *8% -- -- --
Virginia 39% 71% 69% 73% --
Washington 34% 52% 52% 52% *44%
West Virginia 7% 23% 26% 23% 19%
Wisconsin 23% 69% 74% 77% 53%
Wyoming 18% 28% -- *33% 21%

-- Too few juveniles (fewer than 20) to calculate a reliable percentage.
* Percent based on a small denominator (fewer than 100 but at least 20 in the denominator).

Notes: U.S. total excludes youth in tribal facilities but includes 2,324 juvenile offenders for whom State of offense was not reported (most of these youth are in private facilities). U.S. total includes a small number of offenders (5) who committed their offense in a U.S. Territory.

The juvenile population is the number of juveniles age 10 through the upper age of original juvenile court jurisdiction in each State.

Minorities include blacks, Hispanics, American Indians/Alaskan Natives, Asians/Pacific Islanders, and those identified as other race.

To preserve the privacy of the juvenile residents, state cell counts have been rounded to the nearest multiple of three. Detail may not add to total because of rounding. Percentages are based on rounded totals. More information on this rounding rule is available on the EZACJRP Web site.

[ Map of minority proportion in residential placement ]  [ CSV file ]

  • Minority youth accounted for 43% of the U.S. juvenile population and 68% of juveniles in residential placement in 2011.
  • Minorities accounted for 69% of juveniles committed to public facilities nationwide; a proportion nearly twice their proportion in the juvenile population.
  • Minority proportions tended to be somewhat lower for youth committed to private rather than public facilities.
  • In 12 states (California, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Texas) and the District of Columbia, the minority proportion of the total population of juvenile offenders in residential placement was greater than 75%.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08208.asp?qaDate=2011. Released on September 24, 2013.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2011 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

USA.gov | Privacy | Policies & Disclaimers | FOIA | Site Map | Ask a Question | OJJDP Home
A component of the Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice