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Juveniles in Corrections
Custody Data (1997-Present)
Q: Does the minority proportion of juvenile offenders in residential placement vary by State and placement status?
A: In nearly all states, a disproportionate number of minorities were in residential placement in 2011.
Minority proportion of juvenile offenders in residential placement, 2011

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  • Minority youth accounted for 43% of the U.S. juvenile population and 68% of juveniles in residential placement in 2011.
  • Minorities accounted for 69% of juveniles committed to public facilities nationwide; a proportion nearly twice their proportion in the juvenile population.
  • Minority proportions tended to be somewhat lower for youth committed to private rather than public facilities.
  • In 12 states (California, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Texas) and the District of Columbia, the minority proportion of the total population of juvenile offenders in residential placement was greater than 75%.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08208.asp?qaDate=2011. Released on September 24, 2013.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2011 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.


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