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Demographics
Q: How do female residential placement rates vary by race/ethnicity and State?
A: For every 100,000 non-Hispanic black female juveniles in the population, 113 were in residential placement on October 23, 2013; for Hispanic females the rate was 45, and for non-Hispanic white females it was 35.

Female residential placement rates by race/ethnicity (per 100,000 female juveniles), 2013

State of offense Total White Minority Black Hispanic American
Indian1
Asian1

U.S. total 50 35 70 113 45 167 8
Alabama 46 33 66 74 *0 *0 *0
Alaska 61 *40 88 *140 *0 148 *0
Arizona 52 54 49 96 38 97 *0
Arkansas 64 34 131 177 *58 *0 *0
California 53 33 61 232 52 *55 6

Colorado 46 26 76 254 49 *142 *0
Connecticut 19 *5 40 67 33 *0 *0
Delaware 54 *12 106 171 *0 *0 *0
District of Columbia 117 *0 138 168 *0 *0 *0
Florida 38 31 44 78 17 *330 *11

Georgia 45 26 63 79 27 *0 *0
Hawaii 28 *25 29 *154 *34 *0 *7
Idaho 74 61 122 *212 97 *473 *0
Illinois 25 16 36 53 24 *252 *0
Indiana 94 75 156 199 55 *0 *40

Iowa 82 55 213 341 89 *860 *77
Kansas 81 54 149 286 95 *167 *0
Kentucky 33 26 65 78 *32 *0 *0
Louisiana 33 18 50 55 *0 *0 *78
Maine 20 *16 *61 *0 *214 *0 *0

Maryland 27 17 38 39 48 *0 *0
Massachusetts 10 5 19 *21 26 *0 *0
Michigan 63 39 122 145 55 *156 *0
Minnesota 48 23 127 209 *44 409 *0
Mississippi 22 *7 38 42 *0 *0 *0

Missouri 57 47 87 120 *21 *0 *0
Montana 56 45 *107 *0 *119 *128 *0
Nebraska 119 65 276 354 104 *486 *0
Nevada 73 66 78 222 43 *196 *0
New Hampshire 22 *12 *105 *239 *117 *0 *0

New Jersey 13 *2 26 57 12 *0 *0
New Mexico 63 40 71 *127 70 *51 *0
New York 43 27 62 109 31 *94 *6
North Carolina 21 12 33 34 30 *55 *26
North Dakota 136 76 436 *313 *226 535 *0

Ohio 48 37 84 104 *21 *0 *0
Oklahoma 33 27 42 72 *11 46 *0
Oregon 76 64 104 199 71 568 *0
Pennsylvania 55 25 137 200 69 *0 *0
Rhode Island *12 *18 *19 *0 *0 *0 *0

South Carolina 36 22 55 35 127 *0 *0
South Dakota 161 73 455 *253 *151 656 *0
Tennessee 15 14 18 17 *0 *0 *0
Texas 45 31 53 115 40 *0 *0
Utah 55 21 172 769 119 *285 *48

Vermont *21 *23 *0 *0 *0 *0 *0
Virginia 50 31 78 111 34 *0 *22
Washington 45 34 67 134 43 275 *9
West Virginia 159 138 369 445 *0 *0 *0
Wisconsin 49 23 130 244 *35 *290 *0
Wyoming 209 155 436 *0 318 1,302 *0

1American Indian includes Alaskan Natives; Asian includes Pacific Islanders.
* Rate based on fewer than 10 observations.

Notes: The information in this table is based on the state where the offense was committed. However, the state of offense is not always reported. Female offenders for whom state of offense was unknown are included in U.S. totals (539 in 2013). These instances are not evenly distributed across states. As such, users should exercise caution when examining state-level trends or comparing states. Visit the EZACJRP methods section for more information.

U.S. totals exclude youth in tribal facilities.

The residential placement rate is the number of female juveniles in residential placement per 100,000 female juveniles age 10 through the upper age of original juvenile jurisdiction in each state.

To preserve the privacy of the juvenile residents, state cell counts have been rounded to the nearest multiple of three. Rates are based on rounded counts. Detail may not add to total because of rounding.

  • Nationally, the ratio of the residential placement rate for minority females to that for white females was 2 to 1.
  • In 26 states and the District of Columbia, the placement rate for non-Hispanic black females exceeded the rate for all other race/ethnicity groups.
  • Nationally, the placement rates for females were substantially lower than the corresponding rates for males. For example the overall placement rate for females was 50 per 100,000 female juveniles in the population. In comparison, the placement rate for males was 290 per 100,000 male juveniles.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08209.asp?qaDate=2013. Released on October 02, 2015.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2013 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.