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Juveniles in Corrections
Custody Data (1997-Present)
Q: How do male residential placement rates vary by race/ethnicity and State?
A: For every 100,000 non-Hispanic black male juveniles in the population, 903 were in residential placement on October 26, 2011; for Hispanic males the rate was 350, and for non-Hispanic white males it was 182.

Male residential placement rates by race/ethnicity (per 100,000 male juveniles), 2011

State of offense Total White Minority Black Hispanic American
Indian1
Asian1

U.S. total 330 182 526 903 350 535 60
Alabama 337 195 570 653 143 *166 *0
Alaska 443 256 707 1,110 *96 898 *87
Arizona 213 150 264 477 241 342 *58
Arkansas 377 240 676 942 234 *417 *228
California 400 169 502 1,340 491 328 70

Colorado 395 259 614 1,859 412 946 139
Connecticut 127 40 291 502 199 *0 *0
Delaware 355 133 652 936 223 *0 *0
District of Columbia 1,153 *212 1,286 1,455 *396 *0 *0
Florida 338 261 410 899 67 *201 *23

Georgia 316 119 513 662 163 *0 *17
Hawaii 120 193 104 947 *65 *0 55
Idaho 354 335 429 *460 427 *641 *214
Illinois 296 156 473 771 282 1,439 45
Indiana 405 311 725 996 241 *888 *49

Iowa 371 264 949 1,599 549 *1,308 *90
Kansas 440 332 728 1,734 293 *461 *212
Kentucky 284 195 763 959 290 *694 *0
Louisiana 381 159 650 738 126 *165 *87
Maine 219 192 569 978 *219 *498 *0

Maryland 272 80 467 630 158 *0 *0
Massachusetts 163 66 412 592 418 *0 *57
Michigan 346 180 776 1,071 225 *147 *44
Minnesota 253 121 711 1,156 262 1,844 170
Mississippi 130 44 224 242 *60 *0 *0

Missouri 341 243 683 827 312 *357 *58
Montana 257 195 576 *450 490 689 *0
Nebraska 454 249 1,092 2,061 529 2,370 *141
Nevada 411 272 514 1,118 428 *566 102
New Hampshire 98 81 268 *466 *344 *0 *0

New Jersey 191 59 355 749 185 *588 *15
New Mexico 392 228 461 563 485 291 *0
New York 234 97 393 721 221 *92 *17
North Carolina 129 48 243 344 71 *160 *29
North Dakota 334 224 942 *716 *286 1,261 *0

Ohio 335 184 862 1,063 183 *365 *27
Oklahoma 232 146 375 890 156 221 *0
Oregon 486 394 710 1,566 629 1,207 185
Pennsylvania 410 163 1,112 1,585 574 *252 62
Rhode Island 322 174 641 1,439 400 *0 *183

South Carolina 301 145 522 609 134 *0 *0
South Dakota 681 467 1,473 *814 *484 1,936 *0
Tennessee 204 99 463 580 86 *0 *52
Texas 296 149 379 746 308 *123 29
Utah 328 231 667 1,275 633 780 304

Vermont 115 112 *152 *0 *0 *0 *0
Virginia 349 159 643 979 156 *0 *35
Washington 251 178 397 748 356 669 59
West Virginia 451 370 1,452 1,296 *375 *0 *0
Wisconsin 297 113 907 1,749 266 567 *106
Wyoming 582 513 900 2,703 483 1,630 *0

1American Indian includes Alaskan Natives; Asian includes Pacific Islanders.
* Rate based on fewer than 10 observations.

Notes: The residential placement rate is the number of male juveniles in residential placement per 100,000 male juveniles age 10 through the upper age of original juvenile jurisdiction in each State. U.S. total excludes youth in tribal facilities but includes 2,184 male juvenile offenders for whom State of offense was not reported (most of these youth are in private facilities). U.S. total includes a small number of male offenders (5) who committed their offense in a U.S. Territory.

To preserve the privacy of the juvenile residents, state cell counts have been rounded to the nearest multiple of three. Rates are based on rounded counts. Detail may not add to total because of rounding.

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  • Nationally, the ratio of the residential placement rate for minority males to that for white males was 2.9 to 1.
  • In 43 states and the District of Columbia, the placement rate for non-Hispanic black males exceeded the rate for all other race/ethnicity groups.
  • Nationally, the placement rates for males were substantially higher than the corresponding rates for females. For example the overall placement rate for males was 330 per 100,000 male juveniles in the population. In comparison, the rate for females was 54 per 100,000 female juveniles.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08210.asp?qaDate=2011. Released on September 24, 2013.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2011 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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