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Juveniles in Corrections
Demographics
Q: How do male residential placement rates vary by race/ethnicity and State?
A: For every 100,000 non-Hispanic black male juveniles in the population, 804 were in residential placement on October 23, 2013; for Hispanic males the rate was 296, and for non-Hispanic white males it was 162.

Male residential placement rates by race/ethnicity (per 100,000 male juveniles), 2013

State of offense Total White Minority Black Hispanic American
Indian1
Asian1

U.S. total 290 162 455 804 296 496 49
Alabama 317 183 537 627 157 *176 *81
Alaska 411 253 620 813 439 666 *162
Arizona 189 131 235 477 205 320 *54
Arkansas 358 183 735 988 365 *202 *102
California 335 146 416 1,241 396 321 50

Colorado 341 240 498 1,554 336 *417 130
Connecticut 127 29 299 535 215 *0 *36
Delaware 293 105 533 828 *52 *0 *0
District of Columbia 1,008 *281 1,144 1,197 1,029 *0 *0
Florida 262 165 349 645 142 1,053 55

Georgia 268 106 426 558 137 *0 *16
Hawaii 90 *0 110 *0 *63 *0 56
Idaho 389 363 490 1,239 454 *674 *0
Illinois 239 112 394 715 204 1,001 *21
Indiana 339 250 631 884 235 *314 *86

Iowa 365 260 891 1,618 450 1,744 *78
Kansas 464 291 905 1,849 563 646 *195
Kentucky 301 213 750 889 293 *0 *87
Louisiana 319 110 570 662 *88 *169 *0
Maine 235 194 729 1,587 *0 *1,062 *0

Maryland 223 69 375 511 119 *0 *16
Massachusetts 108 44 262 384 282 *0 *15
Michigan 297 146 680 961 171 *233 *40
Minnesota 277 153 681 1,179 220 1,907 124
Mississippi 123 38 214 238 *0 *0 *0

Missouri 319 205 705 900 271 *187 *0
Montana 241 191 484 *1,268 *346 488 *0
Nebraska 289 164 642 1,290 333 1,171 *127
Nevada 323 225 392 951 287 *599 97
New Hampshire 107 45 672 1,828 444 *0 *0

New Jersey 174 30 342 812 158 *0 *0
New Mexico 292 219 324 687 339 125 *0
New York 185 87 296 571 161 *0 22
North Carolina 117 46 214 295 94 *108 *0
North Dakota 365 240 977 1,085 *426 1,024 *0

Ohio 319 177 800 982 271 *201 *0
Oklahoma 212 120 356 849 184 188 *0
Oregon 477 387 682 1,576 596 1,292 204
Pennsylvania 380 168 959 1,376 553 *0 72
Rhode Island 290 113 646 1,423 439 *0 *0

South Carolina 277 152 459 395 644 1,647 *182
South Dakota 580 341 1,393 1,121 *431 1,852 *0
Tennessee 180 80 417 524 119 *673 *48
Texas 272 166 330 740 246 *63 27
Utah 260 142 669 3,389 461 544 *95

Vermont 69 53 *268 *371 *0 *2,113 *0
Virginia 320 152 572 892 191 *0 *11
Washington 238 173 359 704 278 561 84
West Virginia 426 367 1,127 958 *175 *1,863 *0
Wisconsin 259 93 782 1,618 192 576 *35
Wyoming 345 292 571 *523 526 *934 *0

1American Indian includes Alaskan Natives; Asian includes Pacific Islanders.
* Rate based on fewer than 10 observations.

Notes: The information in this table is based on the state where the offense was committed. However, the state of offense is not always reported. Male offenders for whom state of offense was unknown are included in U.S. totals (2,109 in 2013). These instances are not evenly distributed across states. As such, users should exercise caution when examining state-level trends or comparing states. Visit the EZACJRP methods section for more information.

U.S. total includes a small number of male offenders (5) who committed their offense in a U.S. Territory but excludes youth in tribal facilities.

The residential placement rate is the number of male juveniles in residential placement per 100,000 male juveniles age 10 through the upper age of original juvenile jurisdiction in each state.

To preserve the privacy of the juvenile residents, state cell counts have been rounded to the nearest multiple of three. Rates are based on rounded counts. Detail may not add to total because of rounding.

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  • Nationally, the ratio of the residential placement rate for minority males to that for white males was 2.8 to 1.
  • In 39 states and the District of Columbia, the placement rate for non-Hispanic black males exceeded the rate for all other race/ethnicity groups.
  • Nationally, the placement rates for males were substantially higher than the corresponding rates for females. For example the overall placement rate for males was 290 per 100,000 male juveniles in the population. In comparison, the rate for females was 50 per 100,000 female juveniles.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08210.asp?qaDate=2013. Released on October 02, 2015.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2013 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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