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Juveniles in Corrections
Custody Data (1997-Present)
Q: Does the race/ethnicity profile of juveniles in residential placement vary by offense and gender?
A: Non-Hispanic black juveniles accounted for 36% of female juveniles and 40% of male juveniles in residential placement in 2010.

Race/ethnicity profile of juvenile offenders in residential placement, 2010

Most serious offense Total White
                            Minority                            
Total
Minority
Black Hispanic American
Indian1
Asian1

Male 100 % 31 % 69 % 42 % 23 % 2 % 1 %
  Delinquency 100   31   69   42   23   1   1  
   Person 100   28   72   45   23   1   1  
    Criminal homicide 100   14   86   47   33   2   3  
    Sexual assault 100   54   46   27   16   2   1  
    Robbery 100   9   91   67   22   1   1  
    Aggravated assault 100   22   78   42   31   1   2  
    Simple assault 100   37   63   38   19   2   1  
    Other person 100   36   64   36   23   1   1  
   Property 100   34   66   42   20   1   1  
    Burglary 100   32   68   45   18   1   1  
    Theft 100   37   63   43   16   1   1  
    Auto theft 100   31   69   43   21   1   1  
    Arson 100   55   45   28   14   2   0  
    Other property 100   35   65   34   26   2   1  
   Drug 100   37   63   38   21   2   1  
    Drug trafficking 100   26   74   48   24   1   0  
    Other drug 100   40   60   35   20   2   1  
   Public order 100   31   69   40   25   1   1  
    Weapons 100   16   84   52   28   1   1  
    Other public order 100   40   60   32   23   2   1  
   Technical violation** 100   32   68   36   29   1   1  
  Status 100   41   59   38   12   4   2  
             
Female 100   39   61   36   18   3   1  
  Delinquency 100   38   62   37   19   3   1  
   Person 100   33   67   43   18   3   1  
    Criminal homicide 100   *30   *70   *32   *31   *6   *1  
    Sexual assault 100   *51   *49   *36   *6   *4   *0  
    Robbery 100   15   85   53   26   1   2  
    Aggravated assault 100   25   75   48   22   2   1  
    Simple assault 100   39   61   39   15   4   1  
    Other person 100   46   54   42   9   1   1  
   Property 100   41   59   35   18   3   1  
    Burglary 100   40   60   38   17   2   0  
    Theft 100   41   59   37   17   2   2  
    Auto theft 100   44   56   27   19   6   2  
    Arson 100   *49   *51   *36   *9   *1   *0  
    Other property 100   39   61   36   20   2   0  
   Drug 100   56   44   19   15   6   0  
    Drug trafficking 100   *54   *46   *23   *13   *9   *0  
    Other drug 100   56   44   19   16   5   1  
   Public order 100   33   67   44   18   2   1  
    Weapons 100   21   79   42   32   2   1  
    Other public order 100   35   65   44   16   3   1  
   Technical violation** 100   38   62   34   22   3   1  
  Status 100   50   50   28   10   7   1  

1American Indian includes Alaskan Natives; Asian includes Pacific Islanders.
* Percent based on fewer than 100 observations.
**Technical violations include violations of probation, parole, and valid court order.

Notes: Total includes a small number of youth for whom race/ethnicity was not reported or was reported as other. Detail may not add to total due to rounding.

The "Hispanic" category includes persons of Latin American or other Spanish culture or origin regardless of race. These persons are not included in the other race/ethnicity categories.

Minorities include blacks, Hispanics, American Indians/Alaskan Natives, Asians/Pacific Islanders, and those identified as "other race."

[ Excel file ]

  • The racial profile of females in residential placement was different from the profile for males. Whites accounted for the greatest proportion of females in residential placement (39%). In comparison, among males, blacks accounted for the largest proportion (40%).
  • Racial profiles varied by offense for both males and females. For males, the offense categories with the highest proportion of blacks were weapons offenses and robbery. Among females, the offense categories with the highest proportion of blacks were robbery and aggravated assault.
  • Juveniles held for arson and sexual assault offenses had the largest proportion of non-minority white males, while juveniles held for other drug offenses, drug trafficking, and sexual assault had the largest proportion of non-minority white females.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08211.asp?qaDate=2010. Released on December 09, 2011.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2010 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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