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Juveniles in Corrections
Custody Data (1997-Present)
Q: Does the race/ethnicity profile of juveniles in residential placement vary by offense and gender?
A: Non-Hispanic black juveniles accounted for 35% of female juveniles and 41% of male juveniles in residential placement in 2011.

Race/ethnicity profile of juvenile offenders in residential placement, 2011

  Minority
Most serious offense Total White Total
Minority
Black Hispanic American
Indian1
Asian1

Male 100% 31% 69% 41% 23% 2% 1%
  Delinquency 100% 31% 69% 41% 24% 2% 1%
   Person 100% 28% 72% 44% 23% 2% 1%
    Criminal homicide 100% 16% 84% 42% 34% 2% 5%
    Sexual assault 100% 53% 47% 28% 14% 2% 1%
    Robbery 100% 9% 91% 65% 23% 1% 1%
    Aggravated assault 100% 21% 79% 41% 34% 2% 1%
    Simple assault 100% 36% 64% 39% 20% 2% 1%
    Other person 100% 36% 64% 38% 22% 2% 1%
   Property 100% 33% 67% 42% 21% 2% 1%
    Burglary 100% 30% 70% 46% 20% 1% 1%
    Theft 100% 36% 64% 43% 17% 1% 1%
    Auto theft 100% 32% 68% 39% 25% 2% 1%
    Arson 100% 48% 52% 29% 17% 3% 1%
    Other property 100% 33% 67% 33% 29% 2% 1%
   Drug 100% 37% 63% 33% 26% 2% 1%
    Drug trafficking 100% 25% 75% 45% 26% 1% 1%
    Other drug 100% 40% 60% 30% 26% 2% 1%
   Public order 100% 32% 68% 39% 25% 1% 1%
    Weapons 100% 15% 85% 53% 30% 0% 1%
    Other public order 100% 43% 57% 30% 22% 2% 1%
   Technical violation** 100% 32% 68% 37% 27% 2% 1%
  Status 100% 47% 53% 34% 10% 4% 1%
Female 100% 39% 61% 35% 19% 4% 1%
  Delinquency 100% 38% 62% 35% 20% 3% 1%
   Person 100% 34% 66% 40% 18% 3% 1%
    Criminal homicide 100% *29% *71% *38% *30% *4% *0%
    Sexual assault 100% *60% *40% *30% *7% *2% *0%
    Robbery 100% 16% 84% 47% 30% 3% 0%
    Aggravated assault 100% 28% 72% 43% 21% 4% 1%
    Simple assault 100% 39% 61% 39% 15% 3% 1%
    Other person 100% 42% 58% 37% 15% 2% 2%
   Property 100% 40% 60% 36% 18% 3% 1%
    Burglary 100% 39% 61% 35% 22% 4% 1%
    Theft 100% 43% 57% 37% 14% 3% 1%
    Auto theft 100% 36% 64% 34% 23% 4% 0%
    Arson 100% *52% *48% *31% *5% *5% *5%
    Other property 100% 35% 65% 37% 19% 4% 1%
   Drug 100% 53% 47% 14% 24% 5% 1%
    Drug trafficking 100% *33% *67% *21% *38% *6% *0%
    Other drug 100% 55% 45% 13% 23% 5% 1%
   Public order 100% 37% 63% 40% 16% 4% 2%
    Weapons 100% 28% 72% 48% 21% 1% 1%
    Other public order 100% 39% 61% 38% 15% 4% 2%
   Technical violation** 100% 39% 61% 31% 24% 3% 1%
  Status 100% 48% 52% 31% 10% 4% 1%

1American Indian includes Alaskan Natives; Asian includes Pacific Islanders.
* Percent based on fewer than 100 observations.
**Technical violations include violations of probation, parole, and valid court order.

Notes: Total includes a small number of youth for whom race/ethnicity was not reported or was reported as other. Detail may not add to total due to rounding.

The Hispanic category includes persons of Latin American or other Spanish culture or origin regardless of race. These persons are not included in the other race/ethnicity categories.

Minorities include blacks, Hispanics, American Indians/Alaskan Natives, Asians/Pacific Islanders, and those identified as other race.

[ CSV file ]


Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08211.asp?qaDate=2011. Released on September 24, 2013.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2011 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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