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Juveniles in Corrections
Facility Characteristics
Q: Do public facilities hold more juveniles than private facilities?
A: Private facilities accounted for about half of all facilities in 2010 but held just 30% of all offenders.

Juvenile offender population by facility operation, 2010

Facility operation Number of
Percent of
Number of
juvenile offenders
Percent of

Total 2,111 100% 66,322 100%
Public 1,074 51% 46,677 70%
  State 440 21% 23,237 35%
  Local 634 30% 23,440 35%
Private 1,037 49% 19,645 30%

Note: Detail may not add to total because of rounding.

 [ CSV file ]

  • Private facilities are operated by private non-profit or for-profit corporations or organizations in which the employees working daily in the facilities and directly with the residents are employees of that private corporation or organization.
  • State or local government agencies operate public facilities - the employees working daily in the facilities and directly with the residents are State or local government employees.
  • Historically, local facilities held fewer juvenile offenders than state facilities, despite accounting for more than half of all public facilities. In recent years the gap narrowed, and in 2010, local and state facilities held about the same number of offenders.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08502.asp?qaDate=2010. Released on September 24, 2013.

Adapted from Hockenberry, S., Sickmund, M., and Sladky, A. (2013). Juvenile Residential Facility Census, 2010: Selected Findings. Washington, D.C.: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Data Source: Authors' analysis of the Juvenile Residential Facility Census 2010 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.


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