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Juveniles in Corrections
Custody Data (1997-Present)
Q: Did detention centers hold more residents in 1997 than in 1995?
A: Facilities included in the 1997 census that were identified as detention centers in 1995 held 18% more residents in 1997 than they held in 1995.
  • The 1997 Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP) data collection is somewhat different from its predecessor, the 1995 Children in Custody Census—facilities are allowed to indicate more than one facility type or purpose. Thus, facilities that, when forced to choose, may have classified themselves as something other than a detention center (under the Children in Custody method) are given the opportunity to classify themselves as a detention center and some other type of facility. Facilities that classified themselves as detention centers are referred to here as detention facilities although that may not be their primary purpose. For example, a facility may be a training school with a detention unit. Additionally, the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement does not collect design capacity information.
  • On a typical day in 1997 there were nearly 32,600 residents held in 592 detention facilities. This figure is 34% more than the population of detention center residents reported in 1995. However, the 34% growth figure is an overestimate. The 1997 detention population figure includes populations from facilities that could not be included in the 1995 detention population figure because facilities other than detention centers could identify themselves as having a detention center component in 1997 (which was not an option for respondents in 1995).
  • There were 557 public and private facilities included in the 1997 CJRP that were identified as detention centers in 1995. These facilities held nearly 29,600 residents on the census day in 1997, which was 18% more than they held in 1995. Public facilities accounted for 95% of this population.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08516.asp?qaDate=20010228. Released on February 28, 2001.

Adapted from Sickmund, M. (2000). Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 1997. Pittsburgh, PA: National Center for Juvenile Justice.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 1997 [machine-readable data file]. Washington, D.C.: Bureau of the Census [producer], 1998. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Children in Custody Census of Public and Private Juvenile Detention, Correctional, and Shelter Facilities 1994/95 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: Bureau of the Census [producer], 1996.

 

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