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Juveniles in Corrections
State Comparisons
Q: How do residential placement rates vary by State?
A: There was a broad range of State residential placement rates in 2013 - from 46 to 560 per 100,000 juveniles.

Juvenile residential placement rates by State, 2013

 
Residential placement rate per 100,000
State of offense Number Total Detained Committed

U.S. total 54,148 173 57 114
Upper age 17
Alabama 933 184 72 99
Alaska 195 241 96 145
Arizona 882 122 46 73
Arkansas 681 215 70 142

California 8,094 197 88 108
Colorado 1,077 197 61 134
Delaware 159 176 86 90
District of Columbia 228 560 258 302
Florida 2,802 152 45 106

Hawaii 78 60 25 34
Idaho 450 236 64 170
Indiana 1,581 219 89 126
Iowa 735 227 53 168
Kansas 885 278 89 186

Kentucky 774 170 48 120
Maine 162 130 31 99
Maryland 771 127 50 78
Massachusetts 393 60 24 36
Minnesota 939 165 38 119

Mississippi 243 74 30 44
Montana 150 151 60 84
Nebraska 411 204 67 136
Nevada 591 201 33 134
New Jersey 888 95 41 54

New Mexico 402 179 52 127
North Dakota 171 253 22 231
Ohio 2,283 186 77 109
Oklahoma 519 125 57 68
Oregon 1,086 281 35 245

Pennsylvania 2,781 222 35 186
Rhode Island 159 158 27 131
South Dakota 333 376 71 302
Tennessee 666 99 33 66
Utah 612 160 53 108

Vermont 27 46 25 20
Virginia 1,563 188 65 122
Washington 1,014 144 39 105
West Virginia 510 294 112 178
Wyoming 165 279 *15 264

Upper age 16
Connecticut 279 74 32 41
Georgia 1,557 159 79 79
Illinois 1,617 134 61 72
Louisiana 774 180 51 128

Michigan 1,683 183 47 133
Missouri 1,053 191 38 146
New Hampshire 78 68 13 52
South Carolina 672 159 24 134
Texas 4,383 161 65 95
Wisconsin 816 156 47 107

Upper age 15
New York 1,650 116 28 87
North Carolina 543 70 19 41

* Rate based on fewer than 10 observations.

Notes: The information in this table is based on the state where the offense was committed. However, the state of offense is not always reported. Youth for whom state of offense was unknown are included in U.S. totals (2,648 in 2013). These instances are not evenly distributed across states. As such, users should exercise caution when examining state-level trends or comparing states. Visit the EZACJRP methods section for more information.

U.S. total excludes youth in tribal facilities.

The residential placement rate is the number of juvenile offenders in residential placement per 100,000 juveniles age 10 through the upper age of original juvenile court jurisdiction in each state.

To preserve the privacy of the juvenile residents, state cell counts have been rounded to the nearest multiple of three. Detail may not add to total because of rounding. Rates and percentages presented are also based on rounded totals. More information on this rounding rule is available on the EZACJRP Web site.

[ Graph version ]  [ CSV file ]

  • Nationwide in 2013, there were 173 juvenile offenders held in juvenile facilities per 100,000 juveniles in the population.
  • In 2013, the national commitment rate was 2 times the detention rate, but rates varied by state.
  • Vermont and Wyoming had higher detention rates than commitment rates in 2013.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08601.asp?qaDate=2013. Released on October 02, 2015.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2013 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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