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Juveniles in Corrections
Custody Data (1997-Present)
Q: How do residential placement rates vary by State?
A: There was a broad range of State residential placement rates in 2011 - from 59 to 629 per 100,000 juveniles.

Juvenile residential placement rates by State, 2011

 
Residential placement rate per 100,000
State of offense Number Total Detained Committed

U.S. total 61,423 196 61 134
Upper age 17
Alabama 1,026 198 49 139
Alaska 222 271 121 150
Arizona 936 130 49 80
Arkansas 711 224 62 160

California 9,810 234 97 135
Colorado 1,254 233 70 163
Delaware 180 194 88 107
District of Columbia 258 629 329 300
Florida 3,744 203 41 156

Hawaii 99 75 20 52
Idaho 399 212 70 142
Indiana 1,878 258 71 188
Iowa 729 224 46 170
Kansas 813 254 97 157

Kentucky 747 163 52 109
Maine 165 129 19 108
Maryland 939 153 76 77
Minnesota 828 145 32 108
Mississippi 258 77 36 41

Montana 168 169 48 114
Nebraska 669 336 92 244
Nevada 720 246 75 170
New Jersey 1,005 106 41 65
New Mexico 522 229 71 158

North Dakota 156 240 23 217
Ohio 2,490 200 75 125
Oklahoma 576 141 58 78
Oregon 1,098 281 40 240
Pennsylvania 3,075 239 44 195

Rhode Island 186 180 104 75
South Dakota 429 492 100 385
Tennessee 783 116 37 78
Utah 732 200 49 151
Vermont 36 59 20 39

Virginia 1,686 203 67 136
Washington 1,062 150 39 111
West Virginia 489 277 92 186
Wyoming 249 431 31 395
Upper age 16

Connecticut 252 75 31 43
Georgia 1,788 184 90 94
Illinois 2,106 171 56 115
Louisiana 957 222 80 140
Massachusetts 543 95 32 64

Michigan 2,085 220 64 155
Missouri 1,122 201 45 156
New Hampshire 90 76 *3 74
South Carolina 726 173 72 102
Texas 4,671 175 59 115
Wisconsin 915 173 49 125

Upper age 15
New York 2,139 148 31 116
North Carolina 567 74 21 53

* Rate based on fewer than 10 observations.

Notes: The placement rate is the number of juvenile offenders in residential placement per 100,000 juveniles ages 10 through the upper age of original juvenile court jurisdiction in each State. U.S. total includes 2,324 juvenile offenders in private facilities for whom State of offense was not reported. U.S total does not include juvenile offenders in tribal facilities.

To preserve the privacy of the juvenile residents, state cell counts have been rounded to the nearest multiple of three. Detail may not add to total because of rounding. Rates and percentages presented are also based on rounded totals. More information on this rounding rule is available on the EZACJRP Web site.

[ Graph version ]  [ CSV file ]

  • Nationwide in 2011, there were 196 juvenile offenders held in juvenile facilities per 100,000 juveniles in the population.
  • In 2011, the national commitment rate was 2.2 times the detention rate, but rates varied by state.
  • The District of Columbia, Rhode Island, and New Hampshire had higher detention rates than commitment rates in 2013.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08601.asp?qaDate=2011. Released on September 24, 2013.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2011 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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