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Juveniles in Corrections
State Comparisons
Q: How do States vary in their use of private facilities?
A: Although nationally nearly one-third of juvenile offenders were held in privately operated facilities, the use of private facilities varies substantially by State.

States' use of private facilities, 2013

  Percent of juvenile offenders held in
State of offense Public Facilities Private Facilities

U.S. total 68% 32%
Alabama 45% 55%
Alaska 77% 23%
Arizona 89% 11%
Arkansas 45% 55%
California 87% 13%

Colorado 60% 40%
Connecticut 85% 15%
Delaware 92% 8%
District of Columbia 66% 34%
Florida 26% 74%

Georgia 93% 7%
Hawaii *88% *12%
Idaho 92% 8%
Illinois 92% 8%
Indiana 61% 39%

Iowa 35% 65%
Kansas 78% 22%
Kentucky 86% 14%
Louisiana 75% 25%
Maine 94% 6%

Maryland 69% 31%
Massachusetts 45% 55%
Michigan 53% 48%
Minnesota 58% 42%
Mississippi 91% 9%

Missouri 95% 5%
Montana 82% 18%
Nebraska 80% 20%
Nevada 89% 11%
New Hampshire *77% *19%

New Jersey 95% 5%
New Mexico 96% 5%
New York 42% 58%
North Carolina 72% 29%
North Dakota 46% 56%

Ohio 91% 9%
Oklahoma 65% 35%
Oregon 78% 22%
Pennsylvania 27% 73%
Rhode Island 58% 40%

South Carolina 58% 42%
South Dakota 50% 50%
Tennessee 82% 18%
Texas 87% 13%
Utah 55% 46%

Vermont *56% *44%
Virginia 97% 3%
Washington 95% 5%
West Virginia 49% 51%
Wisconsin 57% 43%
Wyoming 58% 42%

-- Too few juveniles (fewer than 20) to calculate a reliable percentage.
* Percent based on a small denominator (fewer than 100 but at least 20 in the denominator).

Notes: The information in this table is based on the state where the offense was committed. However, the state of offense is not always reported. Youth for whom state of offense was unknown are included in U.S. totals (2,648 in 2013). These instances are not evenly distributed across states. As such, users should exercise caution when examining state-level trends or comparing states. Visit the EZACJRP methods section for more information.

U.S. total includes a small number of offenders (5) who committed their offense in a U.S. Territory but excludes youth in tribal facilities.

To protect the confidentiality of juvenile residents all published state data from the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP) are rounded to the nearest multiple of three. Each state cell is rounded independently, without consideration as to row or column totals. As a result, in many tables, the internal cells do not add to the marginal totals. Rates and percentages presented from CJRP are also based on rounded totals. More information on this rounding rule is available on the EZACJRP Web site.

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  • Several States used private facilities for less than 10% of offenders in residential placement in 2013, but many States relied quite heavily on private facilities, placing as many as 74% of offenders in them.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08603.asp?qaDate=2013. Released on October 02, 2015.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2013 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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