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Juveniles in Corrections
Custody Data (1997-Present)
Q: How do States vary in their use of private facilities?
A: Although nationally nearly one-third of juvenile offenders were held in privately operated facilities, the use of private facilities varies substantially by State.

States' use of private facilities, 2011

  Percent of juvenile offenders held in
State of offense Public Facilities Private Facilities

U.S. total 69% 31%
Alabama 47% 53%
Alaska 80% 19%
Arizona 93% 7%
Arkansas 41% 59%
California 90% 10%

Colorado 63% 37%
Connecticut 80% 19%
Delaware 88% 12%
District of Columbia 58% 42%
Florida 30% 70%

Georgia 86% 14%
Hawaii *91% *9%
Idaho 96% 4%
Illinois 91% 9%
Indiana 65% 35%

Iowa 35% 65%
Kansas 82% 17%
Kentucky 88% 12%
Louisiana 77% 23%
Maine 100% 0%

Maryland 73% 26%
Massachusetts 35% 65%
Michigan 48% 52%
Minnesota 59% 41%
Mississippi 94% 6%

Missouri 98% 2%
Montana 80% 20%
Nebraska 61% 39%
Nevada 89% 11%
New Hampshire *57% *43%

New Jersey 96% 4%
New Mexico 91% 9%
New York 42% 59%
North Carolina 84% 16%
North Dakota 48% 54%

Ohio 93% 7%
Oklahoma 67% 33%
Oregon 78% 22%
Pennsylvania 31% 69%
Rhode Island 58% 42%

South Carolina 57% 43%
South Dakota 50% 50%
Tennessee 77% 23%
Texas 88% 12%
Utah 58% 42%

Vermont *67% *42%
Virginia 99% 1%
Washington 97% 3%
West Virginia 61% 39%
Wisconsin 59% 41%
Wyoming 40% 60%

-- Too few juveniles (fewer than 20) to calculate a reliable percentage.
* Percent based on a small denominator (fewer than 100 but at least 20 in the denominator).

Notes: U.S. total excludes youth in tribal facilities but includes 2,324 juvenile offenders for whom State of offense was not reported (most of these youth are in private facilities). U.S. total includes a small number of offenders (5) who committed their offense in a U.S. Territory.

To protect the confidentiality of juvenile residents all published state data from the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP) are rounded to the nearest multiple of three. Each state cell is rounded independently, without consideration as to row or column totals. As a result, in many tables, the internal cells do not add to the marginal totals. Rates and percentages presented from CJRP are also based on rounded totals. More information on this rounding rule is available on the EZACJRP Web site.

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  • Several States used private facilities for less than 10% of offenders in residential placement in 2011, but many States relied quite heavily on private facilities, placing as many as 70% of offenders in them.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08603.asp?qaDate=2011. Released on September 24, 2013.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2011 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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