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Juveniles in Corrections
Custody Data (1997-Present)
Q: How do States vary in their use of private facilities?
A: Although nationally nearly one-third of juvenile offenders were held in privately operated facilities, the use of private facilities varies substantially by State.

States' use of private facilities, 2010

  Percent of juvenile offenders held in
State of offense Public Facilities Private Facilities

U.S. total 69% 31%
Alabama 51% 49%
Alaska 81% 19%
Arizona 89% 12%
Arkansas 37% 63%
California 91% 9%

Colorado 61% 39%
Connecticut 56% 44%
Delaware 80% 20%
District of Columbia 65% 37%
Florida 36% 64%

Georgia 81% 19%
Hawaii 95% 8%
Idaho 91% 9%
Illinois 89% 11%
Indiana 69% 31%

Iowa 32% 68%
Kansas 77% 23%
Kentucky 90% 10%
Louisiana 73% 27%
Maine 97% 3%

Maryland 77% 23%
Massachusetts 43% 57%
Michigan 54% 46%
Minnesota 66% 34%
Mississippi 89% 11%

Missouri 97% 3%
Montana 75% 25%
Nebraska 54% 46%
Nevada 94% 6%
New Hampshire 51% 49%

New Jersey 97% 3%
New Mexico 82% 18%
New York 45% 55%
North Carolina 71% 29%
North Dakota 46% 54%

Ohio 93% 7%
Oklahoma 74% 26%
Oregon 82% 18%
Pennsylvania 24% 76%
Rhode Island 40% 60%

South Carolina 67% 33%
South Dakota 49% 51%
Tennessee 79% 21%
Texas 92% 8%
Utah 55% 45%

Vermont *45% *55%
Virginia 100% 0%
Washington 98% 2%
West Virginia 62% 38%
Wisconsin 61% 39%
Wyoming 42% 59%

-- Too few juveniles (fewer than 20) to calculate a reliable percentage.
* Percent based on a small denominator (fewer than 100 but at least 20 in the denominator).

Notes: U.S. total excludes youth in tribal facilities but includes 2,567 juvenile offenders for whom State of offense was not reported (most of these youth are in private facilities). U.S. total includes a small number of offenders (1) who committed their offense in a U.S. Territory.

To protect the confidentiality of juvenile residents all published state data from the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP) are rounded to the nearest multiple of three. Each state cell is rounded independently, without consideration as to row or column totals. As a result, in many tables, the internal cells do not add to the marginal totals. Rates and percentages presented from CJRP are also based on rounded totals. More information on this rounding rule is available on the EZACJRP Web site.

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Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08603.asp?qaDate=2010. Released on September 24, 2013.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2010 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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