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Juveniles in Corrections
State Comparisons
Q: Does the number of juvenile residential placement facilities vary by State?
A: Private facilities accounted for more than half of all facilities in 2006 but held just 31% of all offenders.

Number of juvenile facilities and juvenile offenders by state, 2006

State of facility Total
facilities
Public
facilities
Private
facilities
Total
offenders
Offenders in
public facilities
Offenders in
private facilities

United States 2,649 1,166 1,483 91,928 63,502 28,426
 
Alabama 67 13 54 1,822 806 1,016
Alaska 24 8 16 366 249 117
Arizona 44 17 27 1,675 1,383 292
Arkansas 33 10 23 862 279 583
California 248 119 129 14,855 13,209 1,646

Colorado 49 13 36 1,821 963 858
Connecticut 20 4 16 401 220 181
Delaware 7 * * 270 * *
District of Columbia 9 2 7 236 182 54
Florida 144 40 104 6,854 2,594 4,260

Georgia 40 26 14 2,668 2,129 539
Hawaii 7 3 4 134 117 17
Idaho 22 14 8 542 489 53
Illinois 38 28 10 2,604 2,364 240
Indiana 88 37 51 2,926 1,835 1,091

Iowa 74 15 59 1,173 361 812
Kansas 47 17 30 1,183 791 392
Kentucky 45 30 15 1,093 945 148
Louisiana 49 17 32 1,319 911 408
Maine 9 2 7 222 198 24

Maryland 41 15 26 1,065 656 409
Massachusetts 60 19 41 1,269 448 821
Michigan 80 35 45 2,741 1,379 1,362
Minnesota 83 23 60 1,538 879 659
Mississippi 20 17 3 447 400 47

Missouri 68 62 6 1,359 1,302 57
Montana 16 7 9 199 147 52
Nebraska 18 5 13 670 452 218
Nevada 24 14 10 1,081 826 255
New Hampshire 8 2 6 194 103 91

New Jersey 53 43 10 1,579 1,467 112
New Mexico 17 * * 428 * *
New York 184 46 138 3,834 1,971 1,863
North Carolina 59 24 35 1,167 689 478
North Dakota 10 4 6 237 109 128

Ohio 95 66 29 4,352 3,983 369
Oklahoma 47 16 31 935 675 260
Oregon 46 24 22 1,343 1,083 260
Pennsylvania 151 31 120 5,316 1,312 4,004
Rhode Island 17 1 16 297 165 132

South Carolina 33 14 19 1,273 819 454
South Dakota 21 7 14 492 195 297
Tennessee 48 27 21 1,276 821 455
Texas 114 86 28 8,550 7,533 1,017
Utah 44 17 27 1,009 431 578

Vermont 4 1 3 54 26 28
Virginia 64 60 4 2,191 2,132 59
Washington 36 29 7 1,485 1,420 65
West Virginia 28 12 16 557 371 186
Wisconsin 73 21 52 1,511 895 616
Wyoming 23 2 21 453 134 319

Note: Detail may not add to total because of rounding.
*Detail is not displayed in states with 1 or 2 private facilities to preserve the privacy of individual facilities.

 [ CSV file ]

  • Private facilities are operated by private non-profit or for-profit corporations or organizations in which the employees working daily in the facilities and directly with the residents are employees of that private corporation or organization.
  • State or local government agencies operate public facilities - the employees working daily in the facilities and directly with the residents are State or local government employees.
  • Local facilities made up more than half of all public facilities but held fewer than half of the juvenile offenders who were in custody in public facilities on the census date in 2006.
  • During the course of a year, more juveniles pass through local facilities than state facilities because the majority of local facilities are detention centers, where youth stay for relatively short periods of time. In state facilities, such as training schools, stays are generally longer.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08604.asp?qaDate=2006. Released on April 29, 2016.

Adapted from Hockenberry, S., Sickmund, M., and Sladky, A. (2009). Juvenile Residential Facility Census, 2006: Selected Findings. Washington, D.C.: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Data Source: Authors' analysis of the Juvenile Residential Facility Census 2006 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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