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Juveniles in Court
Delinquency Case Rate Trends
In 2010, the drug offense case rate for males was more than 4 times the female rate.

Delinquency Case Rates for Drug Offenses by Sex, 1985-2010

Year Males Females
1985 4.8 1.1
1986 4.6 1.0
1987 4.8 0.9
1988 5.4 0.9
1989 5.4 0.9
1990 4.6 0.7
1991 4.3 0.6
1992 4.6 0.7
1993 5.6 0.8
1994 7.7 1.3
1995 9.4 1.7
1996 10.7 1.9
1997 10.7 2.0
1998 10.4 2.0
1999 10.1 2.0
2000 9.9 2.1
2001 9.9 2.2
2002 9.4 2.2
2003 9.3 2.2
2004 9.2 2.3
2005 9.1 2.3
2006 9.0 2.2
2007 9.1 2.1
2008 9.0 2.0
2009 8.4 1.9
2010 8.3 1.9

Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.

[ Graph version ] [Excel file]

  • Trends in drug offense case rates followed similar patterns for males and females between 1985 and 2010. For males, the case rate increased 147% between 1991 and 1997, the peak year. Since the 1997 peak, the male rate stayed within a limited range over the last 10 years, averaging 9.1 cases per 1,000 males under juvenile court jurisdiction.
  • Similar to the pattern for males, the drug offense case rate for females increased dramatically between 1991 and 1997. Unlike the trend for males, however, the brief period of stability in the female rate was followed by an increase through 2004, the peak year for females. Despite a recent decline—18% between 2004 and 2010—the rate in 2010 remained considerably above the rate in 1991.


Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/court/JCSCR_Display.asp?ID=qa06243. April 17, 2013.

Adapted from Juvenile Court Statistics 2009. Forthcoming. Pittsburgh, PA: National Center for Juvenile Justice.

 

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