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Juveniles in Court
Delinquency Case Rate Trends
In 2011, the drug offense case rate for males was more than 4 times the female rate.

Delinquency Case Rates for Drug Offenses by Sex, 1985-2011

Year Males Females
1985 4.7 1.0
1986 4.6 1.0
1987 4.8 0.9
1988 5.4 0.9
1989 5.4 0.9
1990 4.5 0.7
1991 4.2 0.6
1992 4.6 0.7
1993 5.6 0.8
1994 7.7 1.3
1995 9.5 1.7
1996 10.6 1.9
1997 10.6 2.0
1998 10.4 2.0
1999 10.1 2.0
2000 9.8 2.0
2001 9.8 2.2
2002 9.3 2.1
2003 9.1 2.2
2004 9.0 2.3
2005 8.9 2.3
2006 8.9 2.1
2007 9.0 2.1
2008 8.9 2.0
2009 8.3 1.9
2010 8.2 1.9
2011 7.7 1.8

Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.

[ Graph version ] [Excel file]

  • Trends in drug offense case rates followed similar patterns for males and females between 1985 and 2011. For males, the case rate increased more than 150% between 1991 and 1997, the peak year. Since the 1997 peak, the male rate generally declined through 2011 (down 27%) and returned to the level of the mid-1990s.
  • Similar to the pattern for males, the drug offense case rate for females increased between 1991 and 1997. Unlike the trend for males, however, the brief period of stability in the female rate was followed by an increase through 2004, the peak year for females. Despite a recent decline—20% between 2004 and 2011—the rate in 2011 remained considerably above the rate in 1991.


Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/court/JCSCR_Display.asp?ID=qa06243. May 22, 2014.

Adapted from Juvenile Court Statistics 2011. Forthcoming. Pittsburgh, PA: National Center for Juvenile Justice.

 

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