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Juveniles in Court
Delinquency Case Rate Trends
For each racial group, delinquency case rates increased between 1985 and the mid 1990s and then declined.

Delinquency Case Rates for All Delinquency Offenses by Race, 1985-2010

Year Whites Blacks American Indian Asian/NHPI
1985 39.9 72.9 69.4 14.8
1986 41.3 79.7 70.9 14.7
1987 41.3 83.0 72.5 15.8
1988 41.0 91.2 69.2 16.4
1989 41.9 95.1 76.8 16.0
1990 44.1 102.7 66.6 16.6
1991 46.9 110.2 83.3 21.2
1992 47.9 112.0 87.0 21.0
1993 47.6 114.2 73.5 20.5
1994 50.9 120.8 81.1 21.9
1995 53.9 125.5 69.5 20.8
1996 54.8 124.6 73.0 21.0
1997 54.2 123.3 70.6 20.7
1998 52.2 111.5 71.2 19.0
1999 49.6 106.3 63.2 17.7
2000 48.3 101.7 57.1 18.3
2001 46.9 98.3 54.0 18.1
2002 45.9 97.3 54.6 17.3
2003 45.2 99.0 50.8 16.8
2004 44.5 100.9 49.8 16.4
2005 43.4 104.2 46.7 16.1
2006 41.9 102.6 44.0 15.2
2007 42.2 103.7 43.3 14.2
2008 42.0 104.6 41.1 14.1
2009 39.1 96.0 38.1 13.0
2010 36.4 87.6 36.6 11.6

Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.

[ Graph version ] [Excel file]

  • The delinquency case rate for black juveniles peaked in 1995, 72% above the rate in 1985. By 2010, the rate had fallen 30% from its 1995 peak.
  • For white juveniles, the delinquency case rate grew steadily between 1985 and 1996, increasing 37% during this period. Since reaching its peak, the rate declined 34% between 1996 and 2010, resting at its lowest level since 1985.
  • For American Indian juveniles, the delinquency case rate generally increased between 1985 and 1992, increasing 25% during this period. By 2010, the rate fell 58% from the 1992 peak, reaching its lowest point during the 26-year period.
  • Unlike the trends for the other racial groups, the delinquency case rate for Asian/NHPI juveniles remained relatively stable between 1985 and 2010, ranging between 11.6 (2010) and 21.9 (1994).
  • The delinquency case rate for black juveniles in 2010 was more than twice the rate for American Indian juveniles and white juveniles and more than seven times the rate for Asian/NHPI juveniles.


Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/court/JCSCR_Display.asp?ID=qa06250. April 17, 2013.

Adapted from Juvenile Court Statistics 2009. Forthcoming. Pittsburgh, PA: National Center for Juvenile Justice.

 

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