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Juveniles in Court
Delinquency Case Rate Trends
For each racial group, delinquency case rates increased between 1985 and the mid 1990s and then declined.

Delinquency Case Rates for All Delinquency Offenses by Race, 1985-2012

Year Whites Blacks American Indian Asian/NHPI
1985 39.6 72.3 72.7 14.8
1986 41.4 79.6 71.7 14.8
1987 41.3 82.9 72.2 15.8
1988 41.0 91.1 69.9 16.5
1989 41.8 94.7 77.8 16.0
1990 43.5 100.7 67.5 16.4
1991 46.2 108.2 82.8 21.0
1992 47.4 110.1 86.2 21.2
1993 47.8 114.1 72.2 20.5
1994 51.0 120.6 79.4 21.9
1995 53.7 126.4 68.8 20.7
1996 54.7 124.6 72.1 20.9
1997 54.1 123.4 70.3 20.7
1998 52.3 111.8 70.5 18.8
1999 49.6 106.4 62.6 17.6
2000 48.0 102.0 55.8 18.0
2001 46.7 98.4 53.0 17.9
2002 45.6 97.3 53.4 17.0
2003 45.0 98.3 49.8 16.7
2004 44.2 100.3 48.7 13.7
2005 43.2 104.8 45.2 15.8
2006 41.7 103.3 42.5 14.9
2007 42.0 104.6 41.3 13.8
2008 41.7 105.1 39.1 13.6
2009 38.8 97.0 36.2 12.4
2010 35.9 87.8 34.5 10.9
2011 32.9 81.2 32.5 9.8
2012 30.4 76.6 31.8 8.6

Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.

[ Graph version ] [Excel file]

  • The delinquency case rate for black juveniles peaked in 1995, 75% above the rate in 1985. By 2012, the rate had fallen 39% from its 1995 peak.
  • For white juveniles, the delinquency case rate grew steadily between 1985 and 1996, increasing 38% during this period. Since reaching its peak, the rate declined 44% between 1996 and 2012, resting at its lowest level since 1985.
  • For American Indian juveniles, the delinquency case rate generally increased between 1985 and 1992, then declined through 2012. By 2012, the rate fell 63% from the 1992 peak, reaching its lowest point during the 1985-2012 period.
  • The delinquency case rate for Asian/NHPI juveniles reached a peak in 1994, 48% above the level in 1985. Since the 1994 peak, the Asian/NHPI rate fell 61% through 2012, reaching its lowest level since at least 1985.
  • The delinquency case rate for black juveniles in 2012 was more than twice the rate for American Indian juveniles and white juveniles and nearly nine times the rate for Asian/NHPI juveniles.


Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/court/JCSCR_Display.asp?ID=qa06250. February 20, 2015.

 

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