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Juveniles in Court
Delinquency Case Rate Trends
Between 1985 and 2011, the person offense case rate increased for white youth (49%) and black youth (38%) but declined for American Indian (22%) and Asian/NHPI (9%) youth.

Delinquency Case Rates for Person Offenses by Race, 1985-2011

Year Whites Blacks American Indian Asian/NHPI
1985 5.1 18.1 9.4 2.2
1986 5.5 20.2 9.8 2.2
1987 5.6 20.1 9.2 2.4
1988 5.8 21.9 8.6 2.9
1989 6.3 23.6 10.9 3.1
1990 7.2 26.5 10.6 3.5
1991 8.2 28.6 13.9 4.8
1992 8.9 30.6 16.1 4.6
1993 9.4 31.8 13.2 4.2
1994 10.1 33.5 15.6 4.5
1995 10.9 35.8 13.5 4.5
1996 10.9 34.3 13.7 4.4
1997 11.2 34.0 13.3 4.3
1998 11.1 30.8 13.3 3.9
1999 10.9 30.0 12.8 3.8
2000 10.4 28.7 11.4 3.7
2001 10.4 28.6 11.3 3.8
2002 10.1 28.5 11.6 3.6
2003 10.0 29.6 10.6 3.5
2004 10.0 30.6 10.9 3.5
2005 10.0 33.3 10.2 3.3
2006 9.5 32.1 9.9 3.3
2007 9.5 32.1 9.6 2.9
2008 9.2 31.7 8.7 2.8
2009 8.5 28.7 8.0 2.5
2010 8.1 26.8 7.8 2.2
2011 7.6 24.9 7.4 2.0

Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.

[ Graph version ] [Excel file]

  • Most of the growth in the person offense case rate for white youth occurred between 1985 and 1997, during which time the rate more than doubled. By 2011, the rate fell somewhat 32% from its 1997 peak.
  • For black youth, the person offense case rate reached a peak in 1995, 98% above the 1985 level. Following a slight decline through the early 2000s, the rate increased through 2005, then fell 25% between through 2011.
  • In 2011, the person offense case rate for black juveniles was more than triple the rate for American Indian and white juveniles, and more than twelve times the rate for Asian/NHPI juveniles.


Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/court/JCSCR_Display.asp?ID=qa06251. May 22, 2014.

Adapted from Juvenile Court Statistics 2011. Forthcoming. Pittsburgh, PA: National Center for Juvenile Justice.

 

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