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Law Enforcement & Juvenile Crime
Juvenile Arrest Rate Trends
The juvenile Violent Crime Index arrest rate reached a historic low-point in 2011.

Juvenile Arrest Rates for Violent Crime Index Offenses, 1980-2011

Year Total
1980 295.4
1981 296.8
1982 293.7
1983 279.4
1984 278.8
1985 292.5
1986 303.6
1987 295.4
1988 333.5
1989 386.5
1990 411.3
1991 433.6
1992 449.9
1993 470.4
1994 497.4
1995 486.6
1996 431.2
1997 391.9
1998 353.2
1999 319.6
2000 298.7
2001 289.6
2002 272.2
2003 267.5
2004 263.9
2005 276.7
2006 290.3
2007 280.2
2008 280.3
2009 253.3
2010 224.5
2011 202.4

Note: Rates are arrests of persons ages 10-17 per 100,000 persons ages 10-17 in the resident population. The Violent Crime Index includes the offenses of murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault.

[ Graph version ] [Excel file]

  • The juvenile Violent Crime Index arrest rate increased in the mid-2000s, and then declined through 2011 to its lowest level since at least 1980. The rate in 2011 was 31% below its 1980 level and 59% below the peak year of 1994.
  • In 2011, there were 202 arrests for Violent Crime Index offenses for every 100,000 youth between 10 and 17 years of age.
  • If each of these arrests involved a different juvenile (which is unlikely), then no more than 1 in every 491 persons ages 10-17 was arrested for a Violent Crime Index offense in 2011, or less than one-fifth of 1% of all juveniles ages 10 to 17 living in the U.S.


Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/crime/JAR_Display.asp?ID=qa05201. February 25, 2014.

Adapted from Puzzanchera, C. (2013). Juvenile Arrests 2011. Washington, D.C.: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

 

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