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Law Enforcement & Juvenile Crime
Juvenile Arrest Rate Trends
The juvenile arrest rate for simple assault declined steadily since 2004-falling 22% through 2011.

Juvenile Arrest Rates for Simple Assault, 1980-2011

Year Total
1980 276.3
1981 270.7
1982 287.8
1983 292.6
1984 281.4
1985 333.7
1986 360.8
1987 401.1
1988 450.6
1989 502.2
1990 532.6
1991 571.9
1992 585.6
1993 630.6
1994 696.1
1995 703.0
1996 742.7
1997 761.7
1998 731.0
1999 701.0
2000 700.1
2001 709.0
2002 692.5
2003 698.2
2004 724.9
2005 720.1
2006 719.2
2007 697.3
2008 676.7
2009 645.2
2010 618.9
2011 564.4

Note: Rates are arrests of persons ages 10-17 per 100,000 persons ages 10-17 in the resident population.

[ Graph version ] [Excel file]

  • The juvenile arrest rate for simple assault increased 176% between 1980 and 1997, declined through 2002, then rose again through 2004. Following the decline since 2004, the 2011 rate was 26% below the 1997 peak.
  • Unlike the trend for simple assault, the juvenile aggravated assault arrest rate declined steadily since the mid-1990s, falling 57% between 1994 and 2011.
  • As a result of these divergent trends, a greater percentage of assaults that law enforcement handled in recent years has been for less serious offenses. In 1980, there were 2 juvenile arrests for simple assault for every 1 juvenile arrest for aggravated assault; by 2011, this ratio approached 5-to-1, with most of this growth occurring after the mid-1990s.


Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/crime/JAR_Display.asp?ID=qa05211. February 25, 2014.

Adapted from Puzzanchera, C. (2013). Juvenile Arrests 2011. Washington, D.C.: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

 

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