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Law Enforcement & Juvenile Crime
Juvenile Arrest Rate Trends
After a period of substantial growth through the 1990s, the juvenile arrest rate for drug abuse violations generally declined through 2011.

Juvenile Arrest Rates for Drug Abuse Violations, 1980-2011

Year Total
1980 357.7
1981 302.7
1982 307.9
1983 268.7
1984 291.7
1985 330.3
1986 293.0
1987 317.5
1988 382.3
1989 415.0
1990 296.6
1991 287.5
1992 313.5
1993 385.1
1994 533.1
1995 642.4
1996 683.4
1997 684.5
1998 630.6
1999 592.4
2000 602.3
2001 603.8
2002 553.8
2003 581.5
2004 566.4
2005 562.6
2006 573.9
2007 570.5
2008 528.4
2009 504.7
2010 507.0
2011 444.3

Note: Rates are arrests of persons ages 10-17 per 100,000 persons ages 10-17 in the resident population.

[ Graph version ] [Excel file]

  • Between 1991 and 1997, the juvenile arrest rate for drug abuse violations increased 138%. The rate declined 35% between 1997 and 2011, but the 2011 rate was 55% more than the 1991 rate.
  • Over the 1980–2011 period, the juvenile drug arrest rate for whites peaked in 1997 and then gradually declined through 2011 (down 24%). In contrast, the rate for blacks peaked in 1996, then fell 41% by 2002. Despite a recent increase for black youth—13% between 2002 and 2006—the rate fell 38% through 2011 and was 59% below the 1996 peak.


Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/crime/JAR_Display.asp?ID=qa05214. February 25, 2014.

Adapted from Puzzanchera, C. (2013). Juvenile Arrests 2011. Washington, D.C.: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

 

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