|Juvenile Arrest Rate Trends
The Violent Crime Index arrest rate declined for all racial groups since the mid-1990s.
Juvenile Arrest Rates for Violent Crime Index offenses by Race, 1980-2012
|Note: Rates are arrests of persons ages 10-17 per 100,000 persons ages 10-17 in the resident population. Persons of Hispanic ethnicity may be of any race, i.e., white, black, American Indian, or Asian. Arrests of Hispanics are not reported separately.
The Violent Crime Index includes the offenses of murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault.
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- Violent Crime Index arrest rates increased substantially for juveniles in all racial groups between the mid-1980s and mid-1990s. The rate peaked in 1994 for black and white juveniles, in 1995 for American Indians, and in 1996 for Asians. Following these peaks, the rates declined through 2012 for Asian (75%), American Indian (71%), white (64%) youth and black (64%) youth.
- The Violent Crime Index arrest rate in 2012 for black juveniles (575) was 5 times the rate for white (111) youth, 6 times the rate for American Indian juveniles (94), and 12 times the rate for Asian juveniles (47).
- In the 1980s, the Violent Crime Index arrest rate for black juveniles was 6 times the white rate. This ratio declined during the 1990s, holding at 4 to 1 from 1998 to 2004. Since 2004, the racial disparity in the rates increased, averaging about 5 to 1 in the last 10 years.
Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
December 09, 2014.
Adapted from Puzzanchera, C. (2013). Juvenile Arrests 2011
. Washington, D.C.: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
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