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Law Enforcement & Juvenile Crime
Juvenile Arrest Rate Trends
The Violent Crime Index arrest rate declined for all racial groups since the mid-1990s.

Juvenile Arrest Rates for Violent Crime Index offenses by Race, 1980-2011

Year Whites Blacks American
Indians
Asians
1980 172.5 1,040.0 204.9 118.5
1981 165.5 1,092.5 160.1 98.8
1982 168.5 1,044.8 203.8 105.8
1983 156.7 1,014.9 160.6 89.3
1984 156.5 1,015.2 152.1 81.8
1985 169.3 1,036.9 182.2 81.8
1986 175.1 1,076.3 174.2 81.1
1987 167.9 1,058.9 183.5 85.6
1988 192.5 1,164.1 217.6 113.6
1989 225.6 1,337.6 216.1 108.7
1990 247.6 1,373.2 223.2 128.5
1991 272.8 1,391.9 226.9 143.2
1992 279.5 1,456.9 248.1 146.0
1993 288.7 1,531.0 281.4 156.8
1994 307.3 1,600.1 322.1 180.7
1995 302.8 1,552.4 327.0 175.3
1996 284.3 1,291.2 288.0 185.4
1997 265.0 1,137.3 264.7 163.2
1998 247.1 984.8 247.3 136.3
1999 226.4 871.7 225.0 121.2
2000 210.3 817.3 200.0 111.8
2001 203.9 790.6 173.9 99.3
2002 190.3 738.4 182.0 92.2
2003 181.1 747.1 158.1 83.8
2004 177.6 738.7 156.4 72.6
2005 175.2 823.3 155.3 67.1
2006 180.0 875.2 173.7 74.0
2007 175.3 842.4 146.0 69.2
2008 172.4 861.9 118.1 63.1
2009 155.6 780.3 118.8 59.1
2010 140.6 683.9 114.2 46.1
2011 125.5 627.4 104.7 40.8

Note: Rates are arrests of persons ages 10-17 per 100,000 persons ages 10-17 in the resident population. Persons of Hispanic ethnicity may be of any race, i.e., white, black, American Indian, or Asian. Arrests of Hispanics are not reported separately.

The Violent Crime Index includes the offenses of murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault.

[ Graph version ] [Excel file]

  • Violent Crime Index arrest rates increased substantially for juveniles in all racial groups between the mid-1980s and mid-1990s. The rate peaked in 1994 for black and white juveniles, in 1995 for American Indians, and in 1996 for Asians. Following these peaks, the rates declined through 2011 for Asian (78%), American Indian (68%), white (59%) youth and black (61%) youth.
  • The Violent Crime Index arrest rate in 2011 for black juveniles (627) was 5 times the rate for white (125) youth, 6 times the rate for American Indian juveniles (105), and 15 times the rate for Asian juveniles (41).
  • In the 1980s, the Violent Crime Index arrest rate for black juveniles was 6 times the white rate. This ratio declined during the 1990s, holding at 4 to 1 from 1998 to 2004. Since 2004, the racial disparity in the rates increased, reaching 5 to 1 in the late 2000s.


Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/crime/JAR_Display.asp?ID=qa05261. February 25, 2014.

Adapted from Puzzanchera, C. (2013). Juvenile Arrests 2011. Washington, D.C.: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

 

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