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Law Enforcement & Juvenile Crime
Juvenile Arrest Rate Trends
The Violent Crime Index arrest rate declined for all racial groups since 2005; the declines were greater for Asian (56%) and American Indian (51%) youth than for white (45%) and black (38%) youth.

Juvenile Arrest Rates for Violent Crime Index offenses by Race, 1980-2014

Year Whites Blacks American
Indians
Asians
1980 172.5 1,040.0 204.9 118.5
1981 165.5 1,092.5 160.1 98.8
1982 168.5 1,044.8 203.8 105.8
1983 156.7 1,014.9 160.6 89.3
1984 156.5 1,015.2 152.1 81.8
1985 169.3 1,036.9 182.2 81.8
1986 175.1 1,076.3 174.2 81.1
1987 167.9 1,058.9 183.5 85.6
1988 192.5 1,164.1 217.6 113.6
1989 225.6 1,337.6 216.1 108.7
1990 247.6 1,373.2 223.2 128.5
1991 272.8 1,391.9 226.9 143.2
1992 279.5 1,456.9 248.1 146.0
1993 288.7 1,531.0 281.4 156.8
1994 307.3 1,600.1 322.1 180.7
1995 302.8 1,552.4 327.0 175.3
1996 284.3 1,291.2 288.0 185.4
1997 265.0 1,137.3 264.7 163.2
1998 247.1 984.8 247.3 136.3
1999 226.4 871.7 225.0 121.2
2000 210.3 817.3 200.0 111.8
2001 203.9 790.6 173.9 99.3
2002 190.3 738.4 182.0 92.2
2003 181.1 747.1 158.1 83.8
2004 177.6 738.7 156.4 72.6
2005 175.2 823.3 155.3 67.1
2006 180.0 875.2 173.7 74.0
2007 175.3 842.4 146.0 69.2
2008 172.4 861.9 118.1 63.1
2009 155.6 780.3 118.8 59.1
2010 140.6 683.9 114.2 46.0
2011 125.5 627.0 104.7 40.7
2012 111.1 574.4 94.0 46.6

2013 99.3 548.3 83.8 29.3
2014 96.6 514.5 76.8 29.8

Note: Rates are arrests of persons ages 0-17 per 100,000 persons ages 10-17 in the resident population. Persons of Hispanic ethnicity may be of any race, i.e., white, black, American Indian, or Asian. Arrests of Hispanics are not reported separately.

The Violent Crime Index includes the offenses of murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault.

[ Graph version ] [Excel file]


Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/crime/JAR_Display.asp?ID=qa05261. December 13, 2015.

Data source: Arrest estimates for 1980-2012 developed by the Bureau of Justice Statistics and disseminated through "Arrest Data Analysis Tool." Online. Available from the BJS website.

Arrest estimates for 2013 and 2014 developed by the National Center for Juvenile Justice based on data published in the FBI's Crime in the United States reports [Tables 29, 39, and 40]. These are preliminary estimates that will be updated upon release of final estimates on the Bureau of Justice Statistics’ Arrest Data Analysis Tool.

 

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