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Law Enforcement & Juvenile Crime
Juvenile Arrest Rate Trends
In 2011, the black-to-white disparity in juvenile arrest rates for forcible rape was near its lowest point in two decades.

Juvenile Arrest Rates for Forcible Rape by Race, 1980-2011

Year Whites Blacks American
Indians
Asians
1980 7.9 56.1 16.9 7.2
1981 7.8 60.0 6.4 1.9
1982 8.6 61.0 16.5 5.3
1983 8.9 63.1 12.2 3.6
1984 10.8 69.6 15.0 2.7
1985 11.8 68.1 13.4 3.3
1986 11.5 74.0 11.7 3.8
1987 11.1 74.3 8.5 3.5
1988 12.3 66.7 11.0 4.2
1989 14.1 68.4 14.9 3.8
1990 14.0 64.5 13.8 5.3
1991 15.8 64.5 9.7 5.1
1992 14.7 63.5 19.6 5.3
1993 15.2 60.4 13.7 3.3
1994 14.3 53.4 21.8 4.6
1995 12.7 52.6 10.0 3.9
1996 13.1 47.8 13.6 3.6
1997 12.6 45.8 11.2 3.5
1998 12.6 40.7 14.4 3.3
1999 11.9 32.2 12.3 4.4
2000 10.8 30.4 9.1 1.9
2001 10.5 32.3 6.7 3.1
2002 11.0 30.8 10.8 3.0
2003 9.9 25.9 12.4 2.4
2004 10.1 25.7 10.6 2.2
2005 9.7 23.8 7.3 1.6
2006 8.8 21.0 7.5 1.8
2007 8.5 22.4 5.8 2.2
2008 8.0 20.8 4.7 1.1
2009 7.8 18.4 3.9 2.1
2010 7.0 18.2 4.5 1.1
2011 7.0 17.7 2.8 1.3

Note: Rates are arrests of persons ages 10-17 per 100,000 persons ages 10-17 in the resident population. Persons of Hispanic ethnicity may be of any race, i.e., white, black, American Indian, or Asian. Arrests of Hispanics are not reported separately.

[ Graph version ] [Excel file]

  • The black-white disparity in arrest rates for forcible rape peaked in 1981, when the black rate was almost eight times the white rate. In 2011, the black rate was about 2.5 times higher than the white rate.
  • For white juveniles, the arrest rate for forcible rape nearly doubled between 1980 and 1991, when it reached its peak. Between 1991 and 2011 the rate declined 56%, reaching its lowest level since at least 1980.
  • The trend in forcible rape arrests for black juveniles differed from the trend for whites. For black juveniles, the substantial decline in the arrest rate for forcible rape began in the late 1980s. The rate peaked in 1987 and then fell 76% by 2011. However, as with the rate for whites, the forcible rape arrest rate for black juveniles in 2011 was at its lowest level since at least 1980.
  • The small number of arrests of American Indian and Asian juveniles for forcible rape make trends for these groups difficult to interpret. The Asian rate for forcible rape appears to have remained relatively constant during the 1980s and 1990s and far below the rates of the other races. The data for American Indians, however, shows large annual swings; this is attributable at least in part to the small number of arrests reported each year.


Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/crime/JAR_Display.asp?ID=qa05263. February 25, 2014.

Adapted from Puzzanchera, C. (2013). Juvenile Arrests 2011. Washington, D.C.: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

 

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