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Law Enforcement & Juvenile Crime
Juvenile Arrest Rate Trends
After peaking in the mid-1990s, robbery arrest rates fell substantially for all four race groups.

Juvenile Arrest Rates for Robbery by Race, 1980-2011

Year Whites Blacks American
Indians
Asians
1980 58.5 656.1 54.5 66.8
1981 55.2 681.6 49.0 55.4
1982 54.2 621.8 48.9 59.9
1983 48.1 601.2 44.8 49.9
1984 44.6 568.5 32.6 43.8
1985 48.0 550.2 37.9 37.9
1986 47.6 533.3 40.3 32.1
1987 43.4 494.8 41.0 37.9
1988 48.5 502.5 45.7 48.7
1989 58.0 589.0 43.2 42.0
1990 64.2 602.0 40.9 46.8
1991 74.6 631.5 59.6 61.7
1992 75.4 630.0 58.2 65.1
1993 76.9 672.2 56.7 66.7
1994 85.5 727.4 71.3 75.3
1995 86.7 711.6 77.5 74.1
1996 81.3 594.5 61.1 84.3
1997 64.3 472.5 60.2 57.5
1998 54.9 389.9 44.7 43.2
1999 45.8 339.4 43.3 37.6
2000 41.7 308.0 38.7 37.1
2001 38.3 297.2 25.6 32.1
2002 35.0 268.8 24.3 32.4
2003 33.1 284.8 24.5 25.8
2004 32.8 283.7 17.4 23.7
2005 33.3 341.4 25.0 24.0
2006 40.6 406.7 28.2 25.7
2007 40.0 403.5 27.8 25.8
2008 42.0 416.9 20.5 24.4
2009 38.1 377.6 23.5 22.0
2010 33.2 325.2 21.0 17.5
2011 28.0 292.7 17.3 16.6

Note: Rates are arrests of persons ages 10-17 per 100,000 persons ages 10-17 in the resident population. Persons of Hispanic ethnicity may be of any race, i.e., white, black, American Indian, or Asian. Arrests of Hispanics are not reported separately.

[ Graph version ] [Excel file]

  • The robbery arrest rate for black juveniles peaked in 1994 and then fell 61% by 2004. The rate for Asian juveniles peaked in 1996 and then fell 72% by 2004.
  • The robbery arrest rate for white juveniles increased 79% between 1988 and 1995. Between the 1995 peak and 2004, the white rate fell 62%, to its lowest level since at least 1980.
  • The robbery arrest rate for American Indian juveniles increased sharply in the late 1980s and early 1990s and, like the white rate, peaked in 1995. The rate then fell 77% between 1995 and 2004, to its lowest level in at least two decades.
  • Juvenile robbery arrest rates grew for all racial groups between 2004 and 2008. Despite declines for most racial groups since 2008, rates in 2011 were below the 2004 level for white and Asian youth (15% and 30%, respectively), about the same for American Indian (down 1%) and a little higher for black youth (up 3%).
  • The black-white disparity in juvenile arrest rates for robbery peaked in 1984, when the black rate was nearly thirteen times higher than the white rate. The disparity declined through the late 1990s, when the black rate was seven times the white rate. However, by 2011, the black rate had increased to about ten times the white rate.


Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/crime/JAR_Display.asp?ID=qa05264. February 25, 2014.

Adapted from Puzzanchera, C. (2013). Juvenile Arrests 2011. Washington, D.C.: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

 

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