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Law Enforcement & Juvenile Crime
Juvenile Arrest Rate Trends
After peaking in the mid-1990s, aggravated assault arrest rates fell substantially for all four racial groups.

Juvenile Arrest Rates for Aggravated Assault by Race, 1980-2011

Year Whites Blacks American
Indians
Asians
1980 102.1 310.7 128.9 42.3
1981 98.6 328.2 102.1 37.7
1982 102.1 341.9 130.2 37.1
1983 96.5 334.4 98.9 33.8
1984 98.1 362.8 101.4 34.2
1985 106.3 400.7 129.0 38.8
1986 112.5 449.7 116.4 41.9
1987 109.9 466.7 127.1 41.1
1988 127.2 563.5 156.7 56.9
1989 148.8 641.5 153.2 59.5
1990 163.8 662.8 164.4 72.9
1991 176.5 651.2 151.5 72.3
1992 183.6 720.9 166.7 72.4
1993 190.7 746.9 205.3 82.7
1994 201.5 772.8 223.5 95.6
1995 198.1 748.3 231.4 92.7
1996 185.3 616.5 208.5 91.2
1997 184.2 591.9 190.5 97.8
1998 175.7 534.4 175.0 85.9
1999 166.2 485.8 164.2 76.7
2000 155.7 467.4 149.9 70.6
2001 152.9 449.5 134.8 60.0
2002 142.0 426.5 142.1 55.3
2003 135.8 425.1 118.7 53.6
2004 132.8 419.4 126.5 45.8
2005 130.2 446.3 118.6 40.7
2006 128.8 434.6 136.5 45.4
2007 124.7 403.4 108.8 40.3
2008 120.5 411.1 91.7 36.7
2009 107.8 372.3 89.6 34.3
2010 98.7 330.4 87.8 27.0
2011 89.0 308.9 83.5 22.7

Note: Rates are arrests of persons ages 10-17 per 100,000 persons ages 10-17 in the resident population. Persons of Hispanic ethnicity may be of any race, i.e., white, black, American Indian, or Asian. Arrests of Hispanics are not reported separately.

[ Graph version ] [Excel file]

  • The period from 1980 through 1994 saw substantial increases in aggravated assault arrest rates for juveniles in each racial group: black (149% increase), Asian (126%), white (97%), and American Indian (73%). Following this increase, the rates declined for each racial group between 1994 and 2011: 76% for Asians, 63% for American Indians, 60% for blacks, and 56% for whites.
  • Following these declines, the rates in 2011 were at their lowest levels for all race groups since at least 1980.


Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/crime/JAR_Display.asp?ID=qa05265. February 25, 2014.

Adapted from Puzzanchera, C. (2013). Juvenile Arrests 2011. Washington, D.C.: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

 

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