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Law Enforcement & Juvenile Crime
Juvenile Arrest Rate Trends
For each racial group, simple assault arrest rates increased more than rates for aggravated assault rates.

Juvenile Arrest Rates for Simple Assault by Race, 1980-2011

Year Whites Blacks American
Indians
Asians
1980 229.5 615.7 265.7 158.6
1981 221.5 619.8 252.8 155.2
1982 230.9 684.6 238.3 150.3
1983 233.1 708.4 227.8 157.8
1984 223.6 683.0 217.7 125.4
1985 266.7 804.6 262.4 144.9
1986 287.8 873.4 267.8 149.9
1987 312.7 1,005.4 283.7 178.8
1988 350.6 1,126.4 354.6 218.6
1989 390.9 1,280.3 401.1 127.5
1990 422.9 1,269.2 443.5 253.9
1991 445.7 1,410.2 430.0 251.3
1992 460.1 1,421.6 494.0 236.4
1993 494.9 1,513.6 584.8 257.8
1994 559.7 1,602.8 663.5 268.2
1995 560.8 1,643.6 661.3 259.2
1996 609.6 1,650.3 681.4 282.2
1997 629.8 1,670.1 735.8 252.9
1998 620.2 1,538.6 596.5 226.6
1999 593.2 1,473.4 602.2 207.2
2000 592.0 1,469.4 581.4 196.5
2001 588.5 1,532.4 547.9 188.8
2002 564.2 1,516.4 519.8 205.6
2003 556.0 1,584.7 469.1 197.7
2004 571.4 1,661.1 472.4 196.9
2005 557.4 1,686.7 510.8 173.6
2006 563.2 1,656.6 494.3 167.8
2007 542.8 1,628.8 436.8 157.5
2008 528.1 1,578.3 386.0 158.8
2009 502.9 1,512.4 396.2 138.9
2010 491.5 1,421.5 366.2 134.7
2011 444.3 1,323.8 372.7 111.3

Note: Rates are arrests of persons ages 10-17 per 100,000 persons ages 10-17 in the resident population. Persons of Hispanic ethnicity may be of any race, i.e., white, black, American Indian, or Asian. Arrests of Hispanics are not reported separately.

[ Graph version ] [Excel file]

  • Between 1980 and 2011, the juvenile arrest rate for simple assault increased substantially for most racial groups. These increases were greater than the corresponding increases in aggravated assault rates.
  • For American Indian, white and black juveniles, the arrest rate for simple assault increased between 1980 and 2011 (40% for American Indians, 94% for whites, and 115% for blacks), while the rate for aggravated assault decreased (35% for American Indians, 13% for whites, and 1% for blacks). For Asian juveniles, simple assault arrests decreased 30% while aggravated assault arrests decreased by 46% over the 32-year period.
  • In 2011, the simple assault arrest rate for black juveniles was three times the rate for whites, almost four times the rate for American Indian youth, and twelve times the rate for Asians.


Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/crime/JAR_Display.asp?ID=qa05271. February 25, 2014.

Adapted from Puzzanchera, C. (2013). Juvenile Arrests 2011. Washington, D.C.: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

 

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