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Law Enforcement & Juvenile Crime
Juvenile Arrest Rate Trends
The curfew and loitering arrest rate grew more for black juveniles than white juveniles in the 1990s.

Juvenile Arrest Rates for Curfew and Loitering by Race, 1980-2011

Year Whites Blacks American
Indians
Asians
1980 226.0 263.8 407.5 85.3
1981 273.3 570.5 204.8 99.4
1982 262.1 592.0 207.0 107.9
1983 224.2 479.0 201.0 81.3
1984 267.9 536.8 213.7 134.7
1985 266.5 440.2 272.2 159.4
1986 294.1 428.1 234.7 162.6
1987 294.0 514.6 386.9 161.5
1988 239.5 417.0 240.8 169.2
1989 266.0 435.4 226.6 103.3
1990 281.5 399.2 267.8 181.7
1991 325.0 436.6 226.0 171.4
1992 308.4 414.8 262.5 163.0
1993 341.3 382.7 370.6 200.3
1994 414.9 557.5 427.3 231.9
1995 476.3 642.7 530.1 211.0
1996 554.5 905.5 565.9 262.6
1997 517.5 995.3 617.0 214.2
1998 545.4 939.5 475.5 170.5
1999 485.5 785.8 450.4 157.9
2000 441.7 695.4 434.3 213.2
2001 396.0 682.9 284.0 150.3
2002 370.3 736.1 308.4 152.0
2003 350.5 738.0 201.0 126.2
2004 344.1 773.9 171.5 121.7
2005 331.7 877.5 219.1 106.9
2006 356.4 971.5 208.6 106.6
2007 350.4 835.9 218.3 107.4
2008 327.0 797.9 177.9 102.0
2009 266.4 735.2 184.2 79.8
2010 219.5 646.8 166.9 72.9
2011 185.0 497.2 176.9 63.9

Note: Rates are arrests of persons ages 10-17 per 100,000 persons ages 10-17 in the resident population. Persons of Hispanic ethnicity may be of any race, i.e., white, black, American Indian, or Asian. Arrests of Hispanics are not reported separately.

[ Graph version ] [Excel file]

  • Arrest rates for curfew and loitering peaked in 1996 for white and Asian juveniles, 1997 for American Indian and black juveniles. The increase between 1980 and the peak year was the greatest for black (277%) juveniles, followed by Asians (208%), whites (145%), and American Indians (51%).
  • For most racial groups, the rates dropped quickly after their peaks. By 2011, the rate for Asian juveniles was 70% below its 1997 peak, and rates for American Indian, white, and black juveniles were 69%, 67%, and 50% below their respective peaks.


Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/crime/JAR_Display.asp?ID=qa05279. February 25, 2014.

 

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