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Law Enforcement & Juvenile Crime
Juvenile Arrests
Q: How many arrests are made of persons under age 18?
A: The nearly 2.2 million arrests of juveniles in 2006 was 20% fewer than the number of arrests in 1997.

Estimated number of juvenile arrests, 2006

Most serious offense Number of
juvenile arrests
                   Percent change                 
1997-06 2002-06 2005-06

Total 2,098,900 -20% -1% 3%
Violent Crime Index 100,200 -20% 8% 5%
  Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter 1,300 -47% -4% 1%
  Forcible rape 3,600 -34% -23% -10%
  Robbery 34,800 -13% 42% 20%
  Aggravated assault 60,500 -21% -3% -1%
Property Crime Index 402,600 -43% -16% -4%
  Burglary 83,500 -36% -3% 7%
  Larceny-theft 276,500 -44% -18% -6%
  Motor vehicle theft 34,600 -47% -25% -9%
  Arson 8,100 -24% -1% 1%
Nonindex
  Other assaults 249,600 2% 5% 0%
  Forgery and counterfeiting 3,500 -58% -30% -16%
  Fraud 7,500 -62% -13% -4%
  Embezzlement 1,400 6% 1% 20%
  Stolen property (buying, receiving, possessing) 21,200 -46% -17% -5%
  Vandalism 117,300 -15% 12% 13%
  Weapons (carrying, possessing, etc.) 46,900 -10% 33% 5%
  Prostitution and commercialized vice 1,600 12% 9% -2%
  Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 16,000 -16% -18% -5%
  Drug abuse violations 197,100 -9% 6% 2%
  Gambling 2,100 20% 42% 5%
  Offenses against the family and children 5,400 -46% -42% -4%
  Driving under the influence 19,900 1% -8% 11%
  Liquor law violations 139,300 0% -4% 12%
  Drunkenness 16,300 -33% -13% 3%
  Disorderly conduct 209,000 -3% 8% 2%
  Vagrancy 4,900 36% 146% 28%
  All other offenses (except traffic) 384,000 -16% -3% 5%
  Curfew and loitering 152,900 -16% 8% 9%
  Runaways* 114,200 -42% -9% 5%

*As of 2010, the FBI no longer reports arrests for running away. As a result of this change, all versions of this table prior to 2010 have been revised to remove the estimated number of runaway arrests from the estimated number of all juvenile arrests.

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  • In 2006, law enforcement agencies made an estimated 60,500 juvenile arrests for aggravated assault. Between 1997 and 2006, the annual number of such arrests fell 21%.
  • Between 1995 and 2004, juvenile robbery and aggravated assault arrests declined substantially (donw 55% and 29%, respectively). However, in the next two years, while juvenile aggravated assault arrests continued to fall (slightly), juvenile arrests for robbery grew at a disturbing rate (15% in 2005 and 20% in 2006).
  • In 2006, females accounted for 29% of all juvenile arrests, 17% of juvenile Violent Crime Index arrests and 32% of juvenile Property Crime Index arrests.
  • In 2006, youth under the age of 15 accounted for 29% of all Violent Crime Index arrests and one-third of all Property Crime Index arrests.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/crime/qa05101.asp?qaDate=2006. Revised on December 17, 2012.

Data Source: Arrest estimates developed by the Bureau of Justice Statistics and disseminated through “Arrest Data Analysis Tool.” Online. Available from the BJS website.

 

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