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Law Enforcement & Juvenile Crime
Age-specific Arrest Rate Trends
Q: What is the trend for age-specific arrest rates for Violent Crime Index offenses?
A: Violent Crime Index arrest rates were higher in 2011 than in 1980 for adults age 30 and over; for juveniles, 2011 rates were below the rates in 1980.

Violent Crime Index arrests per 100,000 population, 1980, 1994, 2011

Age 1980 1994 2011

10 to 12 40.8 86.8 34.4
13 to 14 228.9 464.6 168.5
Age 15 442.8 803.7 309.5
Age 16 563.9 994.4 395.4
Age 17 661.6 1,064.3 458.3
Age 18 676.3 1,100.0 526.2
Age 19 630.6 946.0 529.4
Age 20 606.1 864.0 509.8
Age 21 602.9 838.4 512.2
Age 22 550.8 776.5 486.6
Age 23 523.9 732.6 463.8
Age 24 501.0 686.9 449.3
25 to 29 393.5 605.6 384.1
30 to 34 277.1 494.7 309.6
35 to 39 211.1 364.2 230.9
40 to 44 157.6 237.1 191.9
45 to 49 110.8 147.9 156.2
50 to 54 74.2 94.4 107.1
55 to 59 47.2 63.0 60.2
60 to 64 30.1 40.0 31.6

Note: The Violent Crime Index includes the offenses of murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault.

[ Graph version ]  [ Excel file ]

  • The peak year for juvenile Violent Crime Index arrest rates was 1994. Between 1980 and 1994, arrest rates for youth ages 15-17 increased an average of 73%. In comparison, the rates increased somewhat more for adults in their thirties (76%).
  • Between 1994 and 2011, violent crime arrest rates declined for all age groups, but the declines were greater for juveniles than for adults. More specifically, the rates dropped an average of 60% for youth ages 15-17, compared with 41% for adults ages 18-24, 37% for those ages 25-29, and 37% for those ages 30-39.
  • Across all juvenile age groups, age-specific Violent Crime Index arrest rates in 2011 were at their lowest level since at least 1980.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/crime/qa05301.asp?qaDate=2011. Released on February 25, 2014.

Data Source: Arrest estimates developed by the Bureau of Justice Statistics and disseminated through “Arrest Data Analysis Tool.” Online. Available from the BJS website.

 

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