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Law Enforcement & Juvenile Crime
Age-specific Arrest Rate Trends
Q: What is the trend for age-specific arrest rates for robbery?
A: Since 1980, robbery arrest rates have decreased for nearly all age groups - the decrease was greater for juveniles than adults.

Robbery arrests per 100,000 population, 1980, 1994, 2011

Age 1980 1994 2011

10 to 12 17.4 25.2 4.6
13 to 14 114.5 166.3 46.2
Age 15 230.5 317.8 116.0
Age 16 283.0 384.7 157.0
Age 17 309.6 385.2 181.3
Age 18 297.2 367.2 205.3
Age 19 254.7 283.5 182.0
Age 20 221.3 226.5 149.7
Age 21 202.9 197.9 129.1
Age 22 171.7 172.7 110.5
Age 23 158.2 154.3 96.3
Age 24 143.6 140.2 89.9
25 to 29 101.1 116.9 65.1
30 to 34 57.3 81.9 43.6
35 to 39 30.8 50.8 28.0
40 to 44 17.9 26.4 22.4
45 to 49 10.5 12.2 16.1
50 to 54 5.7 5.8 9.5
55 to 59 3.0 2.7 4.3
60 to 64 1.8 1.4 1.7

[ Graph version ]  [ Excel file ]

  • In comparison to aggravated assault, robbery arrest rates increased less across age groups between 1980 and 1994.
  • Between 1994 and 2011, robbery arrest rates declined for all age groups, but the declines were somewhat greater for juveniles than for adults. More specifically, the rates dropped 59% for youth ages 15-17, compared with 37% for adults ages 18-24, 44% for those ages 25-29, and 46% for those ages 30-39.
  • Overall from 1980 to 2011, robbery arrest rates for youth ages 15-17 decreased 45%. In comparison, the robbery arrest rates for adults showed smaller declines or increased. More specifically, the rates decreased 34% for adults ages 18-24, 36% for adults ages 25-29, and 24% for those ages 30-34. The rate increased 25% among those ages 40-44 and 53% for those ages 45-49.
  • Across all juvenile age groups, age-specific robbery arrest rates in 2011 were at their lowest level since at least 1980.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/crime/qa05304.asp?qaDate=2011. Released on February 25, 2014.

Data Source: Arrest estimates developed by the Bureau of Justice Statistics and disseminated through “Arrest Data Analysis Tool.” Online. Available from the BJS website.

 

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