1 All RRI's are relative to whites
** AIAN: American Indian or Alaskan Native.
*** AHPI: Asian, Hawaiian, or Pacific Islander.
NOTE: At the time of our latest update, 2013 national arrest estimates were not available. As such, 2012 arrest estimates are also being used for 2013.
Suggested Citation: Puzzanchera, C. and Hockenberry, S. (2015). National Disproportionate Minority Contact Databook. Developed by the National Center for Juvenile Justice for the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/dmcdb/