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Juveniles as Offenders
Homicide
Q: How does juvenile homicide offending vary by race?
A: The number of known juvenile murder offenders in 2011 was about one-third the number in 1993 for white and black youth.

Known juvenile homicide offenders by race, 1980-2011

Year White Black Other

1980 708 674 26
1981 658 726 16
1982 614 591 26
1983 579 492 27
1984 506 444 14
1985 513 591 18
1986 652 640 41
1987 594 708 37
1988 663 912 32
1989 737 1,029 26
1990 876 1,309 28
1991 878 1,501 62
1992 909 1,473 60
1993 912 1,779 66
1994 1,004 1,713 83
1995 930 1,323 70
1996 813 1,118 75
1997 714 909 66
1998 662 674 65
1999 509 595 52
2000 423 535 44
2001 428 514 41
2002 448 483 30
2003 393 500 27
2004 418 528 27
2005 404 628 36
2006 444 776 40
2007 428 796 25
2008 431 630 38
2009 393 604 31
2010 317 572 25
2011 298 478 24

[ Graph version ]  [ Excel file ]

  • The number of known juvenile homicide offenders peaked in 1993 for black youth and white youth. Between 1984 and the 1993 peak, the number of known white juvenile murder offenders increased 81% and the number of known black offenders quadrupled.
  • Since the 1993 peak, the number of known juvenile homicide offenders declined through the early 2000s for both race groups. By 2011, the number of known black juvenile homicide offenders was at its lowest level of the 32-year period, and the number of known white juvenile homicide offenders was slightly above the 2010 low-point.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/offenders/qa03101.asp?qaDate=2011. Released on August 05, 2013.

Adapted from Puzzanchera, C. and Kang, W. (2013). Easy Access to the FBI's Supplementary Homicide Reports: 1980-2011. Available on-line at: http://ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/ezashr/.

Data Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation. Supplementary Homicide Reports for the years 19802011 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: FBI.

 

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