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Juveniles as Offenders
Homicide
Q: How does juvenile homicide offending vary by age?
A: Homicide offending increases with the age of the juvenile offender; in 2011, about 9% of known juvenile homicide offenders were under age 15, while 77% were ages 16 or 17.

Known juvenile homicide offenders by age, 1980-2011

Year Under 14 Age 14 Age 15 Age 16 Age 17

1980 77 103 222 436 621
1981 61 91 243 382 634
1982 73 83 189 355 535
1983 60 90 190 327 432
1984 52 79 162 269 406
1985 71 93 201 314 446
1986 73 105 240 380 537
1987 82 117 208 401 540
1988 71 116 263 467 704
1989 90 157 305 530 724
1990 73 148 406 657 950
1991 93 180 447 718 1,019
1992 101 178 419 736 1,034
1993 107 232 498 830 1,109
1994 133 218 501 818 1,149
1995 94 184 397 723 944
1996 71 152 321 602 875
1997 66 94 241 515 793
1998 72 82 211 376 670
1999 63 80 183 322 519
2000 47 64 150 264 487
2001 39 82 157 281 432
2002 47 67 155 275 427
2003 51 60 137 259 421
2004 50 67 164 291 409
2005 38 63 175 274 524
2006 46 75 210 377 568
2007 37 84 161 364 612
2008 36 74 175 305 515
2009 30 62 143 301 497
2010 29 57 135 282 424
2011 22 46 121 203 421

[ Graph version ]  [ Excel file ]

  • Trends in the number of known juvenile homicide offenders followed a similar pattern for all age groups: the number of known juvenile homicide offenders increased for all age groups between 1984 and 1994 and then declined between 1994 and 2003. However, older juveniles, those ages 16 and 17, accounted for the largest share of both the increase and the decline (about 70%).
  • Overall, the number of known juvenile homicide offenders increased annually between 2003 and 2006, before declining through 2011. For all age groups, the number of known juvenile homicide offenders in 2011 was at the lowest level of the 32-year period.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/offenders/qa03104.asp?qaDate=2011. Released on August 05, 2013.

Adapted from Puzzanchera, C. and Kang, W. (2013). Easy Access to the FBI's Supplementary Homicide Reports: 1980-2011. Available on-line at: http://ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/ezashr/.

Data Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation. Supplementary Homicide Reports for the years 19802011 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: FBI.

 

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