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Juveniles as Offenders
Other Violent Crime
Q: What proportion of violent crimes are committed by juveniles?
A: On average, juveniles were involved in one-quarter of serious violent victimizations annually over the last 25 years.

Percent of victimizations involving juveniles, 1973-1997

Year Serious
violent
crime
Robbery Aggravated
assault

1973 29.0 % 36.6 % 27.6 %
1974 26.3   35.8   24.1  
1975 25.3   34.0   23.5  
1976 26.4   34.8   25.2  
1977 25.6   32.4   24.9  
1978 25.4   33.2   23.4  
1979 23.9   32.4   22.1  
1980 24.2   29.1   24.6  
1981 24.0   31.3   21.9  
1982 20.8   26.6   19.0  
1983 24.7   32.2   23.6  
1984 22.5   32.1   19.8  
1985 22.0   28.5   21.2  
1986 21.5   28.3   20.8  
1987 22.7   22.2   24.3  
1988 23.0   29.5   22.5  
1989 22.9   26.3   23.4  
1990 25.8   29.3   26.0  
1991 26.4   28.4   30.1  
1992 26.5   33.7   24.8  
1993 29.5   34.5   28.7  
1994 29.4   32.2   30.6  
1995 27.7   31.0   27.3  
1996 28.4   33.7   27.0  
1997 27.3   30.0   27.4  

Note: Serious violent crime includes incidents involving rape and other sexual assaults, robbery, and aggravated assault. Data are collected through personal interviews with persons ages 12 and older; thus, murder is not included for obvious reasons. Data collected prior to 1992 were adjusted to be consistent with newer data collection procedures.

[ Graph version ]  [ Excel file ]

  • The Bureau of Justice Statistics' National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) asks a nationally representative sample of persons ages 12 and older about violent crimes in which they were the victim. Since 1973, the NCVS has been a national barometer of crime trends.
  • According to the NCVS, in 1997 juveniles under age 18 were involved in 27% of all serious violent victimizations, including 14% of sexual assaults, 30% of robberies, and 27% of aggravated assaults.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/offenders/qa03202.asp?qaDate=19990930. Released on September 30, 1999.

Adapted from Snyder, H. & Sickmund, M. Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 1999 National Report, p. 63. Washington, D.C.: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 1999.

Data Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1973–1997 National Crime Victimization Survey data [Web site data files]. Washington, D.C.: BJS, 1998.

 

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