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Juveniles as Offenders
Time of Day
Q: When are juveniles most likely to commit violent crime which results in injury?
A: Juveniles injure more victims in the hours around the close of school than at any other time.

Violent crime with injury time-of-day profiles
(Offenders per 1,000 juvenile violent crime offenders)

  Juvenile offenders 
Time School Nonschool

6AM 4.3 2.1
7AM 18.8 3.3
8AM 27.2 5.0
9AM 23.5 5.6
10AM 25.9 7.7
11AM 35.2 11.3
12PM 40.4 14.9
1PM 35.7 15.9
2PM 59.3 20.7
3PM 77.3 23.8
4PM 49.0 24.2
5PM 38.1 25.7
6PM 35.8 28.3
7PM 35.9 29.8
8PM 31.9 31.2
9PM 26.7 30.0
10PM 18.8 27.2
11PM 12.2 21.2
12AM 8.4 17.1
1AM 4.6 13.0
2AM 3.6 9.8
3AM 3.6 6.0
4AM 1.7 3.9
5AM 1.7 2.6
6AM 4.3 2.1

Note: Violent crimes include murder, violent sexual assault, robbery, aggravated assault, and simple assault. Data are from law enforcement agencies in 35 states and the District of Columbia.

[ Graph version ]  [ Excel file ]

  • Violent crime with injury peaks for juvenile offenders at 3 p.m. on school days, dropping substantially following the afterschool hours.
  • In comparison, on nonschool days, violent crime with injury increases throughout the day and peaks between 7 p.m. and 9 p.m

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/offenders/qa03304.asp?qaDate=2008. Released on December 21, 2010.

Adapted from Snyder, H. & Sickmund, M. (2006). Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 2006 National Report, Chapter 3. Washington, D.C.: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Data Source: National Archive of Criminal Justice Data. National Incident-Based Reporting System, 2008: Extract Files [Computer file]. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2010-08-13.


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